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Papua remains restricted under Widodo; 72 cases of violence against journalists

May 19, 2017

https://www.ifex.org/indonesia/2017/05/19/papua-remains-restricted/

Papua remains restricted under Widodo; 72 cases of violence against journalists

Aliansi Jurnalis Independen/Alliance of Independent Journalists 19 May 2017

This statement was originally published on aji.or.id on 3 May 2017.

Antara Foto/Wahyu Putro A/via REUTERS

Indonesian soldiers watch as workers and contractors from the PT Freeport mining company travel in a convoy during a rally commemorating May Day in Timika, Papua province, 1 May 2017

Two cases of violence against journalists in Papua in the past week highlight the empty promise of Press Law protections in Indonesia’s easternmost province, as well as the false hopes of President Joko Widodo, who more than two years ago promised to open foreign press access to the area. Censorship remains the norm in the province, where many foreign journalists are still forbidden from entering.

On May 1, 2017, police in Jayapura, Papua, assaulted Yance Wenda, a local journalist who works for Jubi daily and tabloidjubi.com, while he was covering the arrest of activists of the West Papua National Committee (KNPB).

Police arrested the KNPB activists, often labeled as a separatist group, during a May 1 rally (annually held to reject the integration of Papua into Indonesia which happened on May 1, 1963). Police beat Mr. Wenda with a rattan stick on the scene, then took his bag and forcibly detained him. Mr. Wenda suffered injuries to his eyes, head and back.

Three days before that, on April 28, three television journalists from Metro TV, Jaya TVand TVRI experienced intimidation while covering a trial in Wamena District Court. An unknown group of visitors surrounded them, questioning them and forcing them to delete their footage of the trial. Police witnessed the entire incident but didn’t intervene.

Violence and intimidation against journalists remain facts of life in Papua. Government censors block news sites that are critical of the government, and foreign journalists are banned from traveling freely throughout the region.

Throughout 2015 and early 2016, only 15 foreign journalists were granted access to Papua, according to the Alliance of Independent Journalists (AJI) Jayapura chapter. Radio New Zealand International journalist Johnny Blades needed three months to get his visa approved to enter Papua, and was denied a response by the police and military for his story, according to tabloidjubi.com. Radio France journalist Marie Dumieres was closely monitored by the police when she was working on her story in the province.

In March, Franck Jean Pierre Escudie and Basille Marie Longchamp, journalists for The Explorers Network, were deported. Jack Hewson, a freelance journalist for outlets like Al Jazeera, was told by immigration officers that he would need to "e-mail the military" if he wanted to re-enter Indonesia, because his passport had been "blacklisted." The only reason Mr. Hewson could think of for such treatment was his letter to the President’s Executive Office asking for a clarification of policy for his travel plans to Papua. President Widodo’s promise to open access to the region for foreign journalists has proven to be an empty one.

72 cases of violence, unending impunity

Papua is the most vivid example of how poorly enforced the 1999 Press Law is – especially in the protection aspect – but its weakness is seen across the country. In the 12 months to April 2017, the Alliance of Independent Journalists (AJI) Indonesia recorded 72 cases of violence and intimidation against journalists, including 38 incidents of physical assault. In nine cases, journalists were forced to delete their photos or footage. Two legal cases were brought against journalists, including one filed by the United Indonesia Party (Perindo, a new political party founded by media mogul Hary Tanoe) legal team against Tirto.id.

Assaults by civilian on journalists also rose in the past year (21 cases, see tables provided by AJI). The growing trend of assaults involving civilians is the result of an absence of law enforcement. Police officers, whose duty is to protect all citizens, not only turn a blind eye to violence against journalists, but, in many cases, are the perpetrators themselves.

Impunity remains, especially when it involves the police or military, as seen in the physical assault of journalists by members of the Air Force at Soewondo airbase, Medan, North Sumatra, August 15, 2016. The case hasn’t been seriously handled, and the perpetrators are free from punishment. Such practices have contributed to the general ignorance among the public of the protections accorded to journalists by Indonesian law.

AJI Indonesia sees that Indonesian press freedom has been increasingly threatened, which could be the beginning of a threatened democracy. Therefore:

1. AJI declares the police the ‘enemy of the press’ in 2017, with many of their personnel involved in cases of violence against journalists and impunity.

2. AJI urges the enforcement of protections for journalists under Press Law No.4/1999 across the archipelago, especially in Papua. We urge national and local authorities to put an end to acts of violence, intimidation, restriction, surveillance and censorship.

3. AJI demands President Joko Widodo to honor his promise to open media access to Papua, to allow local and international media to enter and report on the province, in the hope that the world will get a complete picture of its political, economic, social and cultural situation.

4. AJI calls on the police and military to immediately stop any acts of violence against journalists. They also have to investigate and punish personnel involved in such cases, especially those that happened in Papua, Medan, and Bangkalan, East Java.

5. AJI urges all elements of the community to protect freedom of the press and of expression, and to protect journalists for the sake of Indonesia’s democracy and human rights.

Jakarta, 3 May 2017
AJI Indonesia

Arfi Bambani
Secretary General

Suwarjono
President

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https://en.tempo.co/read/news/2017/05/19/055876948/Jokowi-Visits-Papua-More-Frequent-than-Other-Regions

FRIDAY, 19 MAY, 2017 | 22:00 WIB
2) Jokowi Visits Papua More Frequent than Other Regions

TEMPO.CO, Timika – Papuan public figure Michael Manufundu expressed his appreciation for President Joko Widodo or Jokowi who showed his commitment to opening access to Papua’s most isolated locations by crafting a number of infrastructure development programs.

Manufundu said that the President’s attention towards Papua must be cherished by all people in the region.

“The people of Papua must appreciate what the President has done for the development in Papua,” Manufundu said on Friday, May 19, 2017. “The Papua administration must work hand in hand with the the central government to improve the welfare of Papuans.”

The Former Indonesian Ambassador to Columbia said that President Jokowi is the only president in the history who frequently visits Papua. Manufundu added that the frequency of President Jokowi’s visit to Papua is even higher than to other regions in Indonesia.

“All regions that were isolated for decades are now more accessible so that residents of rural areas who live near mountain slopes, swamps, and valleys can travel more,” he said.

Manufundu believes that President Jokowi’s development programs in Papua have a huge impact on the lives of indigenous Papuans.

“Therefore, we highly appreciate the government’s commitment to building infrastructures in Papua,” Manufundu said.

ANTARA

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Portrait of Government Policy in Tanah Papua for the Last 46 Years

May 18, 2017

http://elsam.or.id/2017/05/portrait-of-government-policy-in-tanah-papua-for-the-last-46-years/

05/05/2017

ELSAM

Portrait of Government Policy in Tanah Papua for the Last 46 Years

20151217_konpres-kebijakan-di-papua-740x431

ELSAM, Jakarta – Government needs to change the policy of development which makes Papuan community a subject. This emerges in the launching of research result and discussion entitled “From Decolonialisation to Marginalisation: Portrait of Government Policy in Tanah Papua for the Last 46 Years” held by ELSAM in Jakarta on Thursday (17/12).

In his explanation, the coordinator of the research on Papuan issues, Budi Hernawan, said that the research focused on three issues, namely, the change of demography in Papua as the impact of development policy, environmental degradation and militarization. From the research, he added, ELSAM gave several recommendation related to the three issues emerged.

According to the Coordinator of Information and Documentation of ELSAM, Ari Yurino, the transmigration program in Papua has evidently brought negative impact to the social life of Papuan natives. Due to the uneven transmigration and development program, it has caused the increase of number of migrants in Papua and the rise of horizontal conflict between the newcomers and the natives. Therefore, he said, the transmigration program must be terminated and its policy must be evaluated.

“As an alternative solution of regional development, national government should facilitate the cooperation among regions to strengthen the local government in order to be able to seek for autonomous development,” he said. One of the recommendation to the local government, he added, is to also formulate Perdasi (Provincial Regional Regulations) and Perdasus (Special Regional Regulations) which encourage the assimilation of the migrants to the Papuan culture through formal and informal education.

Meanwhile, in the context of environmental degradation, ELSAM’s Program Staff, Kania Mezariani, stated the urgency of national government to conduct environmental auditing to all national scale projects in Papua, especially in the plantation and mining sectors. According to her, those two sectors often become the triggers of conflicts at both local and national level. “Therefore, the national government should focus on economy development which directly connects to the peoples’ needs,” she added.

She also suggested that the local government establish a spatial planning in Papua and West Papua province in order to guarantee the life space of the Papuan natives, especially related to the domination of indigenous forest and lands of Papua.

Moreover, the Coordinator of Human Rights Defenders Capacity Building of ELSAM, Mike Verawati, said about the importance of revive the community police in Papua. “In Java, such pattern is applied. Previously, the community police was run, including through the assistance Netherland and New Zealand police institutions, quite successfully. That should be run again. The government officers assigned in Papua should also receive the briefing about anthropology in order to understand and use the approach in accordance with Papuan characteristics,” she said.

Other than that, she also demanded the national government to terminate the extension of authority to the Indonesian National Army over the defense role as specified in Law No 34/2002 on Indonesian National Army.

ELSAM, according to Budi Hernawan, also urged Komnas HAM and Attorney General to immediately complete the documents of human rights violations cases in Papua. Further, Budi also added that local government must immediately establish a human rights protection instrument, especially Regional Commission on Human Rights, Human Rights Court, and Truth and Reconciliation Commission in Papua and West Papua, as mandated by Law No 21/2001 on Special Autonomy.

West Papua Action Network: Washington DC.Teens for West Papua

May 17, 2017

The West Papuan people, members of an indigenous Melanesian culture, are currently fighting for their lives to gain independence from Indonesia. West Papua is a small island in the Pacific currently incorporated into the Indonesian empire. However, the indigenous people living their were never given the opportunity to self govern their Island due to Indonesian military intimidation. Since the 1960’s the Indonesian military has been systematically stripping the West Papuans of their basic human rights in order to stifle their voices. West Papua is full of rich natural resources which is why the Indonesian government does not want to give up its control. Please stand in solidarity with the West Papuan independence leaders like Herman Wainggai in order to hold Indonesia accountable for their crimes. hermanwainggai.net

Photos: Protests outside Indonesian Embassy Washington D.C, March 18, 2017

Free West Papua: Nominated for Best Documentary and Best Sound, “Herman Wainggai: A Hidden Genocide” by Josh Leong

May 17, 2017

https://www.garow.me/media/1506962322684413009_1675825464

Screen shots from Scout Film Festival 2017 Nominated films. Nominated for Best Documentary and Best Sound, “Herman Wainggai: A Hidden Genocide” by Josh Leong, Josh Leong Studios! Scout Judge, Laurie Weltz comments, “Another really well done documentary, about an important story that is not well known. The juxtaposition of the dark room and the excellent sound design transports us, and makes us forget we are just watching a man sitting in an armchair. A really clever, well thought out way to make a film with no budget, but a lot of impact.” Come to Scout June 9-11 in Stowe, VT to see this and 131 other SHORT films written, produced and directed by filmmakers 18 and under from all over the world!

TO PROVE 60 PERCENT OF PAPUANS ARE PRO NKRI: “HOLD A REFERENDUM”

May 16, 2017

http://tabloidjubi.com/eng/prove-60-percent-papuans-pro-nkri-hold-referendum/

1) TO PROVE 60 PERCENT OF PAPUANS ARE PRO NKRI: “HOLD A REFERENDUM”

AdminMay 16, 2017

KNPB campaign action in 2012 – freewestpapua.org

Jayapura, Jubi – Laurenzus Kadepa, Papua legislator has called for a referendum in Papua to prove the results of a Political Indicator survey that said 60 percent of Papuans (OAP) refused to separate from the Unitary Republic of Indonesia (NKRI).

He said if the survey results were true, certainly the Jakarta should not worry about holding a referendum.

“Yes, it should be a referendum to prove that the majority of indigenous Papuans want to remain with the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia and if they do not dare to hold a referendum, then the results of the survey are questionable,” said a member of Papua House of Representatives Commission I on government, politics, law and human rights to Jubi, Sunday (May 7).

He suspected that the pole was being made by the Government of Indonesia to shape public opinion, that Papua is doing well. He refers to Indonesian delegation speech by Foreign Minister Retno Masudi in the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC) May 3 in Geneva.

It is precisely these things that will become the international spotlight, he continued. Since other countries also have data related to Papua, things like this, including the results of the survey, he added, just add to the problem; bring new turmoil.

Previously, in the publication of satuharapan.com that launched the news, Jakarta Post mentioned the results of a poll conducted by Political Indicators, a survey institutions found that 60 percent of OAP refused to separate from Indonesia. Only 18 percent supported the idea of independence and 22 percent had no opinion.

“Most of them are faithful to the country (Indonesia),” said Director of Research of Political Indicators, Hendro Prasetyo, Friday (May 5).

According to Hendro Prasetyo, the survey was conducted March 23-April 3, 2017 in various regions throughout Papua. The number of respondents is 700 people. The sample selection was done by using multistage random method.

The survey also claims to found 77 percent of respondents are satisfied with the performance of President Joko Widodo in Papua. (*)

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http://tabloidjubi.com/eng/papua-friends-earth-special-regulation-papua-forest-protection-anything-else/

2) PAPUA FRIENDS OF THE EARTH: “SPECIAL REGULATION ON PAPUA FOREST PROTECTION, BEFORE ANYTHING ELSE”

AdminMay 16, 2017

Children playing in a piece of remain land inside palm oil plantation – IST

Jayapura, Jubi – Delays in granting new licenses and improvements in management of primary natural forest and peat land are a policy that required commitment from multi-stakeholders in order to postpone number of proposed forest utilization new licenses.

This is important in order to reduce carbon emissions of forest degradation and deforestation in Indonesia, as stated by Friends of the Earth (Walhi) Papua in its press release recently.

“The SBY government has issued Presidential Instruction No. 6/2013 regarding the postponement of new licenses to improve the management of natural forests and peat lands,” said Aiesh Rumbekwan, Director of Walhi Regio Papua and West Papua in a press conference on Friday (May 12) .

Rumbekwan said President Jokowi’s stated his commitment in a speech at the conference of the parties (COP 21 UNFCCC) in Paris 2015. He promised to commit to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 29 percent Business as usual in 2030 and 41 percent with international support.

This commitment is downgraded by Presidential Instruction No. 8/2017 that would delays the granting new licenses and improvements in primary natural forest and peat land management.

“This is done after seeing the fact that expansion of extractive industry on primary natural forest and peat lands continues to occur and tends to increase over time,” he told to the press.

He added despite the policy of moratorium on forest and peat land utilization’s permit, the fact that expansion of extractive industry in Papua is still quite high, especially on oil palm plantation sector.

So far, it seems that there is no certainty that there will be any extension of delay or reduction or even cessation of extractive industry expansion on primary natural forest and peat land in Papua, according to the essence of the moratorium. Meanwhile, he said presidential instruction No.8 / 2015 itself end on May 13 2017.

“The new permits issued by the government to extractive industries, especially oil palm plantations and mining in the period of postponement/moratorium are considered to be a form of political economic conspiracy between corporations and the government. The example of what happened between PTPN II Arso and indigenous people in Keerom is the proof, “Rumbekwan said.

This is followed by the issuance of PP 13/2017 on the amendment to PP No.26 / 2008 on the national spatial plan which is considered as inconsistent with Indonesia commitment and international.

Meanwhile, according to Foker NGO Papua, Decky Rumaropen the impact that will occur is the granting of licenses without complying with the policy of moratorium will raises resistance of indigenous peoples to defend their rights to land and natural resources which are often politicized with criminalization.

“The fact that many people who are victims of investment by government and corporation lose their land right and management rights, especially natural resources as their livelihood,” said Rumaropen.

Observing the condition, Walhi and Foker Papua NGOs asked the Papuan and West Papua governments to stop recommending extractive industrial companies to invest in Papua. It considered does not provide any benefit to the indigenous people.

Walhi Papua and Foker NGO Papua will fight against the potential of forest degradation and deforestation that increasingly leads to prolonged conflict among the people that even cost lives.

Furthermore, they requested the Government of Papua and West Papua to make a real effort through local regulation in order to save the people and forests of Papua and build strategic partnership with the community for forest management in Papua.

There should be concrete efforts to urge the central government, especially the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK) to issue a standard of procedure and criteria (NSPK) in the implementation of Perdasus (special regulation in Papua Special Autonomy Law) No 21./2008 on more sustainable forest management in Papua to recognize indigenous peoples’ rights to forests in Papua.

“For the governor of West Papua together with the relevant agencies to immediately issue Perdasus to implement the Special Autonomy Law in connection with sustainable management in the Province of West Papua by ensuring the customary rights of Papua’s forests,” said Aiesh Rumbekwan.(*)

Reporter: David Sobolim

Editor: Zely Ariane

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http://www.antaranews.com/en/news/110928/freeport-dismisses-840-workers

3) Freeport dismisses 840 workers

10 hours ago | 602 Views

Timika, Papua (ANTARA News) – Gold and copper mining firm PT Freeport has reportedly laid off 840 employees for going on strike in Timika, Papua province, some time ago.

Septinus Soumilena, Head of the Immigration, Transmigration and Public Housing Office, confirmed he had received a report from PT Freeport about the dismissal of some 840 employees.

"We have received a letter of notification from the management of PT Freeport stating 840 employees had been laid off. Of course, this is a cause of major concern for all of us," he said.

The Immigration, Transmigration and Public Housing Office in Mimika tried its best to prevent the layoff by writing to the management of PT Freeport on April 12 but to no avail, he revealed.

"It turns out that the letter we have sent was late, because by the time it was sent, about 430 workers had been laid off. Today, we sent a letter urging the management of PT Freeport to cancel the layoff. The number of employees discharged has reached 840," he said.

The Mimika district government will act, as soon as possible, to facilitate a meeting between the management of PT Freeport and leaders of labor unions, he stated. (*)
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http://tabloidjubi.com/eng/government-organization-needed-handle-papuan-indigenous/

4) GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION IS NEEDED TO HANDLE PAPUAN INDIGENOUS
AdminMay 16, 2017

Jayapura, Jubi – Member of Papua House of Representatives on government, law and human rights commission, Laurenzus Kadepa suggested the Papua Provincial Government to establish a local apparatus organization (OPD) or a special agency for handling indigenous Papuans (OAP).

If an OPD is not possible, he said a special agency for dealing with OAP can be established, similar to Health Development Acceleration Unit (UP2KP) which focusing on health issues in Papua.

“I suggest establishing OPDs or specialized agencies in dealing with OAP,” he said to Jubi last weekend.

The tasks of the agency or OPD are among others to list the number of OAP from year to year, how many had died and born. He also suggest the agency would also collect data on percentage of indigenous Papuan’s children who received education from early childhood to college, who study abroad, as well as access to education and health services.

“Based on those data, the government’s development policy then can be well targeted. The government will take a policy based on the number of OAP because I do not really believe the Papuan People Assembly (MRP) would do that,” he said.

He acknowledged that Special Autonomy Bureau exists in Papua Province, but according to him the scope of their policy is so wide. He would like to make sure that the focus of (new) agency is more to monitor development of OAP from year to year, which is not conducted by the existing agencies.

“Do not take for granted the euphoria of development that makes us forget human development of Papuan. To focus only on development will ignore the number of OAP who’s increasingly diminished,” he said.

Separately, member of Papua House of Representatives Commission V on population, Natan Pahabol said it is impossible to ensure the proper use of special autonomy if the government does not have responsible data on the number of OAP.

“How will the government claim to protect OAP if it does not have accurate data on the number of OAPs? How can the program claimed to be targeted to OAP?” Natan said. (*)

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wp Sign and share the petition for self-determination in West Papua

May 15, 2017

The global petition for an internationally-supervised vote in West Papua is still going, and set to be swum 30 hours up Lake Geneva to the UN offices in August this year. We need as many people as possible sharing it on social media, telling family and friends to sign it, sending it around mailing lists, passing it on to organisations and so on.

Petition: https://secure.avaaz.org/en/petition/SecretaryGeneral_of_the_United_Nations_Antonio_Guterres_End_the_Genocide_in_West_Papua/

Social media accounts to follow, share, RT etc.: https://twitter.com/BackTheSwim; https://www.facebook.com/BackTheSwim/, https://www.facebook.com/freewestpapua/, https://twitter.com/FreeWestPapua.

Indonesia’s UN story on Papua is no longer a single truth

May 14, 2017

A google translate. Be-aware google translate can be a bit erratic. Original bahasa link at
http://tabloidjubi.com/artikel-6186-cerita-indonesia-di-pbb-tentang-papua-bukan-lagi-kebenaran-tunggal.html

Indonesia’s UN story on Papua is no longer a single truth
Jubi | News Portal Tanah Papua No. 1,
Sabtu, 13 Mei 2017 — 13:06 By Cypri Dale

The Indonesian delegation headed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs responded to the review of UN member states – Doc. Author

The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) for Indonesia at the UN Human Rights Forum has just been completed. The Indonesian government represented by a large delegation led by two ministers presented Indonesia’s human rights accountability for the last 5 years (since UPR 2012) with diplomatic confidence. The upholding of human rights in Papua has become a central issue, in response to the increasing intensive concerns and concerns of the international community over the situation in the region. A number of major allies are asking crucial questions and statements. While the seven Pacific States are firm against Indonesia on the issue of Papua it chooses not to attend. How is the development of the Papuan problem in the international arena?

Litany of Success

Especially on Papua, there are at least four matters of accountability of the Government of Indonesia in the UPR forum.

First, that the government is accelerating development as a solution to various problems in Papua. It was reported that "the President regularly visits these two provinces to check the progress of infrastructure development" and "directly dialogue with Papuans".

Second, the Government of Indonesia "has a very strong commitment to resolve issues of injustice and human rights violations. A team under the leadership of Menkopolhukam has been formed. Promised also that the case of Paniai, Wamena, and Wasior will soon be processed in the Supreme Court.

Third, that "the Government has also lifted restrictions on foreign journalists to visit Papua." Papua is already open to the international community.

Fourth, that Papua Special Autonomy has been implemented to improve effective local governance and development, and for that reason Papua has received substantial funding.

Diplomatic Response

Interestingly, in response to the report of Indonesia, some countries are simply asking simple questions and statements; Namely the fact of its implementation concretely.

There are at least nine countries that specifically highlight the concrete situation of human rights enforcement in Papua. These countries are Switzerland, Germany, the United States, Belgium, Austria, Australia, the Netherlands, New Zeland and Mexico (other countries only mention the substance of the problem, without specifically mentioning Papua) .Otherwise they question the steps and progress of the case resolution conket Paniai, Wasior, and Wamena which has been repeatedly promised by the Government. They also highlighted violence against local journalists and human rights defenders, as well as a concrete form of abolishing the ban on foreign journalists in Papua. The United States, Australia, Austria and New Zealand have specifically highlighted cases of arrests of activists in peaceful action as well as restrictions on freedom of expression and expression.

In addition to the concrete questions of implementation, a number of States also submit recommendations that imply that they do not actually believe in the litany of success the Government has delivered. Some countries even require further investigation of the concrete conditions of the human rights situation in Papua, recommending the sending of the Special Rapporteur to Papua, such as the UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression and the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Persons.

These countries are actually close Indonesian allies who are usually soft (for their own interests with the Indonesians). The fact that despite their close allies remains explicitly highlighting the issue of Papua in the UPR shows an indication of an increasing concern on the unfavorable situation in Papua.

Meanwhile, Pacific countries that have been hard on Indonesia about Papua just choose not to attend the UPR Indonesia in the Human Rights Council. In the diplomatic world, not being present, let alone absent collectively, is a strict diplomatic statement. These seven countries in the United Nations General Assembly in New York last year expressed their deep concern over the situation in Papua. They also affirmed the need to raise the issue of the right to self-determination as a long-term solution for Papua. In that context, their absence in the UPR forum has at least two meanings. Firstly, they do not believe in Indonesian reports that tend to submit lip-service reports to cover reality. Second, they want to push the self-determination solution as the Papuans themselves want.

Interestingly, while absent at the UPR forum at the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights in Geneva, these Pacific countries made special diplomatic moves on Papua at a meeting of the Council of Ministers of the African, Caribean and Pacific (ACP) Countries of Brussels on the same day. In addition to condemning human rights abuses, they call on ACP member States to encourage long-term resolutions, including to support the right of political self-determination.

Development of a colonial character

Acceleration of Development, especially infrastructure development, became a major defense of Indonesia in Papua in the UPR forum. This development story is repeated in UN forums whenever Papuan issues are discussed. President Joko Widodo himself asserted that what he developed in Papua was "development politics, welfare politics"

As part of the development policy, the President launched massive infrastructure development, such as trans-Papua highways, seaports, rivers, and air, and even railways. At the same time built new industrial areas based on mining, plantation, and logging. Currently there are at least 240 mining permits, 79 giant HPH permits, 85 permits for oil palm plantations in Tanah Papua. In addition to private corporations, Joko Widodo Government also encourages SOEs to invest. The result is a combination of corporate capitalism and state capitalism for large-scale industrial exploration and exploitation across Papua, from coast to wilderness and mountains. To support this, the government is also strengthening the security infrastructure, such as the military base plan in Biak, Brimob headquarters in Wamena, as well as new military and police posts along the trans-Papua road under construction.

The question is whether ‘development politics’ by focusing on infrastructure and industrialization like this is a solution or will it only exacerbate issues of human rights and social justice in Papua? Is not that kind of development destroying Papua during the New Order, which makes Papuans feel colonized? And what kind of development is that wanted by the people of Papua?

Because of the focus on infrastructure projects and the exploitation of such natural resources, in Papua Jokowi was given the title of "Joko Daendels". Forced infrastructure projects are not seen as solutions for Papuans, but serve the need for exploitation and conquest.

In Geneva, shortly after the Indonesian UPR on Papua, the Papuan civil society coalition issued a statement that strongly criticized the Indonesian economic approach in Papua. The coalition writes, "From the Government’s response, it appears that West Papua is seen in the context of economic development, but does not substantially solve the Papuan problem in terms of the dignity and human rights of indigenous Papuans."

Filep Karma, a peaceful movement figure who was present at the UPR monitor in Geneva called the Indonesian report full of lies. Related to the development of the Jakarta version, Filep delivered an interesting metaphor. The people of Papua actually want to drink coffee. But Indonesia forces Papuans to drink coca-cola, arguing that in coca-cola contained coffee. This analogy is not only related to the political aspirations of self-determination, but also in development.

Perhaps it is this coffee and coca-cola problem that Indonesia wants to hide when restricting access to foreign journalists to Papua, arresting activists, and perpetrating violence against journalists and local media in Papua. However, despite being silenced in many ways, Papuans’ voices have started to be heard in Indonesia, the Pacific and around the world.

In international forums, now and in the future, the story of the Government of Indonesia is no longer a single truth.

The author is a researcher at the Institute of Social Anthropology, University of Bern, Switzerland; Author-editing book Paradox Papua (2011) and Papua Storytelling (2015)

Note: the long version of this article is published by https://indoprogress.com/2017/05/cerita-indonesia-about-papua-di-pbb/. The authors are grateful to Jubi and Indoprogress.

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