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ULMWP dismisses terrorist label for armed Papuan groups as ‘Indonesian colonial product’

May 2, 2021

ULMWP dismisses terrorist label for armed Papuan groups as ‘Indonesian

colonial product’

CNN Indonesia – April 29, 2021

Jakarta — The United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP) has
criticised the Indonesian government’s decision to label the Free Papua
Movement (OPM) or armed criminal groups (KKB) in Papua as terrorists.

ULMWP Executive Director Markus Haluk said that the government often
attaches certain labels on the Papuan nation which, according to Haluk,
are labels that it intentionally creates.

"The terms KKB, GPK [security disturbance groups] and so forth are terms
created by Indonesian colonialism, the TNI [Indonesian military] and the
Polri [Indonesian police]. So, the Papuan people don’t recognise any of
these", Haluk told CNN Indonesia on Thursday April 29.

Haluk said that the National Liberation Army (TPN) and the OPM were born
out of a humanitarian struggle and that they oppose humanitarian crimes
and systematic racist politics.

According to Haluk, the TPN, the OPM and the Papuan nation are also
fighting for self-determination, which he placed on par with the
struggles by Indonesia’s founding president Sukarno and vice president
Mohammad Hatta and their comrades against Dutch colonialism.

"What is being fought for by the Papuan nation at the moment is part of
what was once fought for by Sukarno and Hatta against Dutch colonialism,
starting in 1908, 1928, until it climaxed [with the declaration of
independence] in August 1945", he said.

Haluk said that they are not concerned about the government’s maneuver
of labeling the Papuan independence movement as terrorists and asserted
that it would not influence the struggle to liberate the Papuan nation.

"None of the labels and terms applied by Indonesian colonialism will
lessen the Papuan nation’s [determination] to realise the political
rights of the Papuan nation", he said.

Earlier, the government decided to categories armed groups in Papua as
terrorists using Law Number 5/2018 on the Eradication of Terrorism as a
legal basis.

Coordinating Minister for Security, Politics and Legal Affairs Mahfud MD
said that they have delegated the security forces to act against
terrorists in Papua.

"The government has asked the Polri, the TNI, the BIN [National
Intelligence Agency] and related agencies to immediately take rapid,
firm and measured actions", said Mahfud during a press conference at the
Security, Politics and Legal Affairs Ministry building on Jalan Medan
Merdeka Barat in Central Jakarta on Thursday. (dhf/fra)

[Translated by James Balowski. The original title of the article was
"ULMWP: Cap OPM-KKB Teroris Ciptaan Kolonial".]

Nobel laureate Ramos Horta urges Indonesia-Papua dialogue

April 30, 2021

https://www.oekusipost.com/en/world/952-nobel-laureate-ramos-horta-urges-indonesia-papua-dialogue ?

Nobel laureate Ramos Horta urges Indonesia-Papua dialogue

The Oekusi Post

DILI (TOP) – Nobel Peace Prize laureate José Ramos-Horta has urged Indonesia’s government to hold talks with the Papuan independence movement to help end a decades-long insurgency in the country’s easternmost region.

Ramos-Horta, joint recipient of the 1996 Nobel prize for efforts to bring independence and peace to Timor-Leste, which suffered a brutal Indonesian occupation for nearly a quarter century, said he believes the Papua region’s future is within Indonesia, not as a separate state.

Head of the Papua Regional State Intelligence Agency, Brigadier General TNI I Gusti Putu Danny Karya Nugraha Karya died after being involved in a firefight with the Free Papua Organization (FPO) group in Dambet Village, Beoga District, Puncak Regency, Sunday 25 of April 2021.

He was involved in a shootout when the FPO intercepted him. This obstruction occurred when the BIN Task Force and the TNI-Polri Task Force were traveling to Kampung Dambet. On the way, the FPO suddenly intercepted and a firefight between the two was inevitable. Kabinda, who was involved in the shooting, died.

“I heard only this morning very worried about it because it’s only escalated the use of force in West Papua, and I can only say that the message to everyone in Indonesia and West Papua is to find ways to end this conflict by dialogue and I know president Jokowi always wanted to resolve the problem of West Papua,” Horta said in a press conference in Farol, Dili, Wednesday April 28, 2021.

The Free Papua Organization (OPM) admitted that it was responsible for the shooting of the Head of the Papua Regional National Intelligence Agency (Kabinda), Brigadier General TNI I Gusti Putu Danny Karya Nugraha, until he died on Sunday April 25, 2021.

Spokesperson for the West Papua National Army-Free Papua Organization (TNPB-OPM), Sebby Sambom said that Kabinda Papua was killed by a stray bullet during a gun battle.
[] West Papuan armed force./Net.

"The shooting of the Papua cabin, Brig. Gen. Gusti Putu, was shot by a TPNPB stray bullet," Sebby told CNNIndonesia.com, Monday April 26, 2021.

At the time of the incident, Sebby said that his party was involved in a shootout with the TNI-Polri apparatus. Then, said Sebby, the troops considered all officers as enemies, so they were used as targets for shooting.

Sebby claimed that no TPNPB troops were hit by gunfire in the incident. It’s just that, after the shootout, his part is increasing the alert status of the TNI-Polri apparatus.

"We are all safe, but we are on alert at that location. And we are also ready to make armed contact with the TNI and Polri," he said.

With this incident the President of the Republic of Indonesia, Joko Widodo ordered the TNI commander and the Chief of Police to chase and arrest all members of armed groups in Papua.

Jokowi emphasized that the government did not provide a place for armed groups both in Papua and throughout the country.

The conflict between Indonesia and the Free Papua Organization, who number perhaps just several hundred, flared again last few years ago when armed separatists in Nduga killed at least 17 people working on a trans-Papua highway construction site that’s a key part of President Joko Widodo’s efforts to bring development to the impoverished region.

The government has said accusations that the military fired at villages with white phosphorous projectiles, a banned chemical weapon, in retaliation are “totally baseless, nonfactual and gravely misleading.” At least four people were killed in the security operation. Wiranto, the top security minister, has rejected the idea of talks.

Police have arrested then released hundreds of suspected independence supporters and raided offices of the West Papua National Committee, a civilian group that advocates for self-determination. In Timika, police occupied the committee’s secretariat, graffitied it with slogans such as “Indonesia Forever” and demolished symbols of the independence movement.

Ramos-Horta, Timor-Leste’s president from 2007 to 2012, said restraint is needed on both sides.

“So first, they must give up on armed attacks on Indonesian civilians or military authorities, but at the same time the Indonesian military also have to restrain themselves from not cracking down, attacking … people every time they demonstrate,” he said.

An independence movement and an armed insurgency have simmered in the formerly Dutch-controlled region since it was annexed by Indonesia in 1963. Indonesian control was formalized in 1969 with a referendum known as the “Act of Free Choice” held in an atmosphere of heavy intimidation in which only 1,026 Papuans were allowed to vote.

https://youtu.be/-73tZxVUwWY

Nowadays, indigenous Papuans, largely shut out of their region’s economy, are poorer, sicker and more likely to die young than people elsewhere in Indonesia. Decades of Indonesian military brutality and impunity have contributed to deep resentment of Indonesian rule.

Ramos-Horta, however, said the situation in Papua is not comparable to East Timor’s independence struggle and there’s no role for the U.N. in the conflict.

Timor-Leste, Ramos-Horta said, was a Portuguese colony for more than 400 years before Indonesia invaded in 1975, whereas Papua was part of the Dutch East Indies empire that was the basis for the borders of modern Indonesia.

Author: The Oekusi

PostWebsite: info
www.OeKusiPost.com nu’udar plataforma media online iha Oe-Kusi Ambeno, Timor-Leste ne’ebé aprezenta notísia iha área oioin iha teritóriu nasionál. Rua. Numbei, Oe-Kusi Ambeno Mobile: +670 7723 4114 Email: info (at) OeKusiPost.com


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Opinion: Military exports to Indonesia strain NZ’s human rights record

April 18, 2021

https://www.rnz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/440595/opinion-military-exports-to-indonesia-strain-nz-s-human-rights-record

PACIFIC WEST PAPUA
16 Apr 2021

Opinion: Military exports to Indonesia strain NZ’s human rights record

12:39 pm on 16 April 2021
Share this

By Maire Leadbeater *

Opinion – As further details emerge about New Zealand’s military exports, questions are growing about the country’s role as a defender of human rights. After a recent spotlight on military goods sent to Saudi Arabia, information is coming to light about New Zealand’s exports to Indonesia’s military forces which are engaged in a long-running conflict in West Papua.
Arrival of more Indonesian troops in Jayapura, Papua, March 202

Arrival of more Indonesian troops in Jayapura, Papua, March 2021 Photo: Supplied

Defence Engagement with Indonesia

New Zealand broke military ties with Indonesia after the 1999 maelstrom in East Timor, when much of the country was razed to the ground because the people voted the ‘wrong’ way in the 1999 independence referendum.

However, New Zealand quietly restored defence training ties to Indonesia in 2007 and our defence engagement has been steadily increasing, so that it now includes some decidedly questionable arms exports.

From the point of view of a long-term campaigner for the self-determination rights of the Timorese and the people of West Papua, this is outrageous.

There still hasn’t been any accountability for the Indonesian military’s role in the deaths of some 200,000 Timorese during twenty-four years of brutal occupation.

In West Papua, Indonesian security forces have been linked to alleged grievous human rights violations for nearly six decades, and act with impunity against those who dare to protest, however peacefully.

The Indonesian Government’s response to conflict – be it peaceful or armed – is to send in more troops. In March, for example, an Indonesian battleship brought 1,350 new military personnel to West Papua’s capital Jayapura and sent them off to the conflict hot-spots in the highlands where the Indonesian military are engaged in ongoing violent exchanges with the guerrilla forces of the pro-independence West Papua Liberation Army.

In recent months this has led to a massive displacement of villagers and a humanitarian crisis – far from the eyes of world.

However, successive New Zealand governments value their bilateral relationship with Indonesia above the rights of the Timorese or West Papuan people, and documents released under the Official Information Act confirm this.

A couple of years before the defence resumption, a New Zealand defence attaché said that "the New Zealand-Indonesia relationship resembled a ‘three legged stool’ with one leg (i.e. the defence aspect) missing." He stressed that the military remained "a major force in Indonesian life".

Officer training

Selected Indonesian officers (of Major equivalent or higher rank) regularly attend the six month New Zealand Defence Force Advanced Command and Staff Course (ACSC).

Indonesian officers are also invited to New Zealand to attend Bilateral Defence talks, workshops, and meetings. English language training is offered when Indonesian officers attend the ACSC.

New Zealand officers visit Indonesia to take part in study tours, conferences, and ceremonies. New Zealand’s "professional leadership" training to Indonesia comes under the Mutual Assistance Programme (MAP) which is described as the "core of our defence relationship". MAP is the umbrella for military training offered to a number of Pacific and South East Asian countries.

In 2020, despite the pandemic, three Indonesian military personnel undertook training in New Zealand. One person undertook English language training, one person attended the Advanced Staff and Command course and, for the first time since 2007, a third attended the NZ Army Combat Intermediate Course.

High level Engagement

New Zealand and Indonesian Defence Ministers hold annual bilateral defence talks, alternating the venue between Jakarta and Wellington. New Zealand has a Defence Attaché based in the Jakarta Embassy.

In 2016, New Zealand hosted the Indonesian naval vessel, KRI Banda Aceh, at the time of the Royal New Zealand Navy’s 75th Anniversary. Prior to the Anniversary events, Indonesia took part in the ASEAN Defence Ministers meeting, plus a maritime field training Counter Terrorism Exercise: Mahi Tangaroa. In 2017 the NZ frigate Te Kaha visited Jakarta.

In 2017 the Defence Ministers of both countries signed a Joint Statement on Defence Relations undertaking to work on strengthening the defence relations. In 2018, Indonesian President Joko Widodo visited New Zealand at the time that this country was celebrating its 60th year of diplomatic relations with Indonesia.
Joko Widodo, President of the Republic of Indonesia and his wif

Joko Widodo, President of the Republic of Indonesia and his wife Mrs Iriana Joko Widodo with New Zealand Governor General Dame Patsy Reddy and her husband Sir David Gascoigne. Photo: Pool/Mark Tantrum

The bilateral relationship was upgraded to a ‘Comprehensive Partnership’. This placed New Zealand on equal standing with Indonesia’s other ‘tier two’ partners – Russia and the EU – and a step below ‘tier one’ Strategic Partners Australia, China, Japan and the US.

Arms Exports

Since 2008 New Zealand has exported military aircraft parts to the Indonesian Air Force. In most years, including 2020, these parts are listed as "P3 Orion, C130 Hercules & CASA Military Aircraft:Engines, Propellers & Components including Casa Hubs and Actuators".

This information has been obtained by a series of Official Information Act requests, and the most recently obtained export listing states that the ‘end user’ of the parts is the Indonesian Air Force. The name of the exporter has been redacted.

New Zealand also exports other ‘strategic goods’ to Indonesia, including so-called small arms including rifles and pistols. For example in 2020 approval was given for the export of "Glock 43 TFS Semi Auto Pistol 9mm with Magazines" and a "GBC Rifle Cartine, Carbon Fiber Suppressor 9mm" among some 16 other similar listings.

There is nothing "small" about the impact of these lethal instruments. The values, end-users, and quantities of these items have all been withheld. Further research is required.

New Zealand’s human rights advocacy for West Papua is decidedly low-key, despite claims by some academics that Indonesia is responsible for the alleged crime of genocide against the indigenous people.

Pursuing lucrative arms exports, and training of human rights violators, undermines any message our government sends. As more is known about this complicity the challenge to the government’s Indonesia-first setting must grow.

The recent exposure of New Zealand’s military exports to Saudi Arabia and other countries with terrible human rights records is very important. The illusion of New Zealand as a human rights upholder has been shattered, and we have work ahead to ensure that we can restore not only our reputation but the reality on which it is based.

* Marie Leadbeater is the author of See No Evil: New Zealand’s Betrayal of the People of West Papua, published by Otago University Press in 2018. As a human rights activist, she has campaigned for justice in West Papua and East Timor.


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Save Papua’s Forests: Greenpeace

April 11, 2021

(Photos in article)
https://jakartaglobe.id/vision/save-papuas-forests-greenpeace

Protesters perform theatrical action during protest in front of the Environment and Forestry Ministry building in Central Jakarta on April 8, 2021. (JG Photo/Yudha Baskoro)

Save Papua’s Forests: Greenpeace

BY :YUDHA BASKORO
APRIL 11, 2021

Jakarta. Activists from the non-governmental organization Greenpeace Indonesia staged a protest in front of the Environment and Forestry Ministry building in Central Jakarta last Friday, demanding the government to return the customary forests in Papua to the indigenous people.

The protest was based on a Greenpeace International report titled "License to Clear" and published on April 6, 2021, which revealed allegations of systematic violations on plantation and forest release permits in Papua between 2011 and 2019.

The report also revealed that peatland and forest protection initiatives introduced by President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo’s administration, including the Forest Moratorium and the Oil Palm Moratorium, failed to produce the reforms promised.

The measures "are hamstrung by poor implementation and a lack of enforceability," Greenpeace International said in a statement.

Also, land clearing in Papua would lead to a massive carbon release that should undo Indonesia’s progress in tackling climate change, the organization said.

"It will be nearly impossible for Indonesia to meet its commitments in the Paris Agreement if the estimated 71.2 million tonnes of forest carbon stored in the plantation concession lands targeted for clearing in Papua Province are released," Greenpeace International said.

The protesters demanded the government to take corrective action immediately and return the forest to the indigenous people.

The protesters staged a theatrical protest, bringing burning trees, forest fires, and chainsaw replicas. They carry posters that express the rights of the Papuan peoples that reads "Save Papuan Indigenous Peoples," "Stop Licensing Destruction of Papua’s Forest," and convey a hashtag "#SayaBersamaHutanPapua."

0

————————————————

(Better reports will usually come from local media on incident )
https://en.antaranews.com/news/172182/papua-police-urged-to-evacuate-teachers-in-beoga-for-security-reasons

2) Papua police urged to evacuate teachers in Beoga for security reasons

11 hours ago

Jayapura, Papua (ANTARA) – Papua Province’s education authority has appealed to the police to evacuate teachers who still stay in Julukoma Village, Beoga Sub-district, Puncak District, to safer places for security reasons following the killings of two teachers this week.

"We rely on the police to guarantee the security of teachers who still stay in Beoga," Head of the Papua Provincial Government’s Education, Library, and Archive Office Christian Sohilait said in a statement that ANTARA quoted here Sunday.

To this end, Sohilait said he had coordinated with related authorities within the Papua provincial government, including Papua deputy governor, and the Papua police chief.

The deadly attacks of several armed Papuan criminals on Thursday and Friday had triggered several teachers to take refuge along with local residents at a military post, he said.

Several armed Papuan criminals shot dead two teachers, and torched junior and senior high school buildings in Beoga Sub-district on Thursday and Friday.

As a result, several local residents fled their homes and took refuge at a military post.

According to Papua Police Chief Insp.Gen.Mathius Fakhiri, they would soon be evacuated to Sugapa Sub-district in Intan Jaya District.

"The violent acts of the armed Papuan criminals are brutal," Fakhiri said, adding that some 25 personnel of the police’s elite Mobile Brigade unit, stationed at the Beoga police precinct, joined efforts to secure and protect the refugees.

Security disturbances have been reported sporadically from several areas, such as Puncak and Intan Jaya Districts, where armed Papuan groups operate.

Intan Jaya recorded its bloodiest month in September, 2020, with notorious armed groups launching a series of attacks in the area that claimed the lives of two soldiers and two civilians and left two others injured.

These notorious armed Papuan groups have continued their acts of terror during the new year.

On January 6, 2021, some 10 armed Papuans vandalized and torched a Quest Kodiak aircraft belonging to the Mission Aviation Fellowship (MAF) at the Pagamba Village airstrip.

The armed groups often employ hit-and-run tactics against Indonesian security personnel, while they unleash acts of terror against civilians to instill a sense of fear among the people.

On February 8, 2021, an armed rebel reportedly shot a 32-year-old man at close range in Bilogai Village, Sugapa Sub-district.

The victim, identified by his initials as RNR, sustained gunshot wounds on the face and right shoulder and was taken to the Timika Public Hospital in Mimika District on February 9.

On February 9, 2021, six armed Papuans fatally stabbed a motorcycle taxi (ojek) driver.

Related news: Papua police urged to crack down on killers of two teachers

Related news: Residents taking refuge at Beoga’s mily post to be evacuated: police

Reporter: Hendrina DK, Rahmad Nasution
Editor: Fardah Assegaf

———————————

https://en.antaranews.com/news/172178/papua-police-urged-to-crack-down-on-killers-of-two-teachers
3) Papua police urged to crack down on killers of two teachers
11 hours ago

Jakarta (ANTARA) – A legislator has appealed to the Papua police to crack down on armed Papuan criminals who had shot dead two teachers in Beoga Sub-district, Puncak District, Papua Province.

"The police must soon arrest the perpetrators," Member of the House of Representatives’ (DPR’s) Commission III overseeing legal affairs, Andi Rio Idris Padjalangi, said.

He extended his deepest condolences over the deaths of the two teachers, and urged the police to be able to stop the recurrence of such fatal shootings in the future.

"Do not let our innocent civilians in Papua again fall victim to the armed Papuan criminals’ acts of violence," he said in a statement that ANTARA quoted here on Sunday.

In an endeavor to maintain peace and security, and the law and order in the Indonesian province of Papua, Padjalangi opined that the police could deploy more personnel.

The deployment of more police personnel was needed because the notorious armed criminals still continue their campaigns of violence targeting civilians, he said.

"The police must bring a sense of security to the people of Papua so that they can do their daily activities in a peaceful and comfortable environment," he added.

Several armed Papuan criminals shot dead two teachers, and torched junior and senior high school buildings in Beoga Sub-district on Thursday and Friday.

As a result, several local residents fled their homes and took refuge at a military post.

According to Papua Police Chief Insp.Gen.Mathius Fakhiri, they would soon be evacuated to Sugapa Sub-district in Intan Jaya District.

"The violent acts of the armed Papuan criminals are brutal," Fakhiri said, adding that some 25 personnel of the police’s elite Mobile Brigade unit, stationed at the Beoga police precinct, joined efforts to secure and protect the refugees.

Security disturbances have been reported sporadically from several areas, such as Puncak and Intan Jaya Districts, where armed Papuan groups operate.

Intan Jaya recorded its bloodiest month in September, 2020, with notorious armed groups launching a series of attacks in the area that claimed the lives of two soldiers and two civilians and left two others injured.

These notorious armed Papuan groups have continued their acts of terror during the new year.

On January 6, 2021, some 10 armed Papuans vandalized and torched a Quest Kodiak aircraft belonging to the Mission Aviation Fellowship (MAF) at the Pagamba Village airstrip.

The armed groups often employ hit-and-run tactics against Indonesian security personnel, while they unleash acts of terror against civilians to instill a sense of fear among the people.

On February 8, 2021, an armed rebel reportedly shot a 32-year-old man at close range in Bilogai Village, Sugapa Sub-district.

The victim, identified by his initials as RNR, sustained gunshot wounds on the face and right shoulder and was taken to the Timika Public Hospital in Mimika District on February 9.

On February 9, 2021, six armed Papuans fatally stabbed a motorcycle taxi (ojek) driver.

Related news: Residents taking refuge at Beoga’s mily post to be evacuated: police

Related news: Another teacher in Papua’s Beoga killed in criminal group’s shooting

Reporter: Boyke LW, Rahmad Nasution
Editor: Fardah Assegaf

Amnesty International: INDONESIA 2020

April 7, 2021

Full report here:

English: https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/POL1032022021ENGLISH.PDF

Indonesia chapter in Indonesian: https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/POL1032022021INDONESIAN.PDF

USGov: 2020 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices – Indonesia

April 1, 2021

Entire report linked from here: https://www.state.gov/reports/2020-country-reports-on-human-rights-practices/


BNPT proposed to categorise OPM as a terrorist organisation – TAPOL Statement

March 31, 2021

The Free Papua Organisation is Not a Terrorist Group

(London, 31 March 2021) TAPOL strongly denounces the proposal put forward by the Indonesian National Counterterrorism Agency (BNPT/Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Terorisme) to categorise the Free Papua Organisation (OPM/Organisasi Papua Merdeka) as a terrorist organisation. Such a move will lead to more serious human rights abuses in West Papua.

Detachment 88, the anti-terrorism unit in Indonesia, which receives training and equipment from the United States and Australia, has been widely criticized by human rights groups for its notorious and disproportionate actions and being allowed to act with impunity.

A decade ago, Detachment 88 was deployed to attack peaceful pro-independence groups. Dangerous accusations were made against these groups, such as creating and possessing bombs, to justify aggressive arbitrary raids, arrests, torture, and killings. Musa Mako Tabuni, a key West Papuan non-violent political leader was infamously assassinated in broad daylight by Detachment 88 in 2012.

Terrorists are those who attack civilians to instil fear in the population. The OPM is responsible for a small number of civilian deaths compared to the Indonesian security forces. Based on the reports that TAPOL has received, most of the tens of thousands of Indigenous West Papuans displaced due to armed conflict fled their homes because they are afraid of reprisals by the Indonesian security forces.

Calling OPM a terrorist organisation will only give more power to the state security forces to carry out more gross human rights violations in West Papua with impunity. The label will also further stigmatize West Papuan people who have already been subjected to institutionalized and systemic racism in Indonesia.

Not only does the terrorist label worsen the human rights situation, it will also reduce the possibility of peaceful resolution of armed conflict between Jakarta and West Papua. Since the proposal was advanced last week, several non-violent groups in West Papua have declared the Indonesian military and police as terrorists instead.

TAPOL has advocated for a peaceful resolution of the political and armed conflicts in West Papua. We recognize that the OPM, otherwise known as the West Papua National Liberation Army (TPNPB/Tentara Pembebasan Nasional Papua Barat), is one of the oldest national liberation armies in the world fighting against colonial rule. It must therefore be part of a political, not a military solution, which designating it as a terrorist group cannot achieve.

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Human Rights Update – Statement ­ in the UK House of Lords

March 26, 2021

HLord Harries calls for sanctions on Hendroprioyono for West Papua atrocities

Human Rights Update – Statement ­ in the UK House of Lords at 1:000 pm on
23rd March 2021

https://www.theyworkforyou.com/lords/?id=2021-03-23a.731.6#g741.1

(Citation: HL Deb, 23 March 2021, c741)

Lord Harries of Pentregarth
Crossbench

I welcome the strong Statement and the actions
that are to follow from it, but will the
Government act with consistency and similar
firmness in relation to other countries where
human rights are grossly violated? I could
mention a number, but I shall mention one that
gets almost no publicity: the continuing
atrocities and ethnic cleansing in West Papua.
For example, the retired General Hendropriyono,
the former head of Indonesian intelligence—the
BIN—has called for 2 million on West Papuans to
be forcibly removed from their homes and
relocated elsewhere in Indonesia. I know that the
Government repeatedly condemn such actions, but
will they go further, be consistent and impose
sanctions on him and others involved in what is,
in effect, an attempt to destroy a whole people and its culture?

Response from Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)

Again, as the noble and right reverend Lord
acknowledged, the Government have rightly
consistently called out human rights abuses, not
just in the situation he described but elsewhere
in the world. On sanctions specifically, as I
have indicated, a process is followed to ensure
that the sanctions we impose are evidence-based
and robust. We will continue to act. We do not
shy away. Many rightly challenged us for a number
of months that we were not acting on sanctioning
figures from China. We have done so, and China is
a major world power. We have not shied away from
our moral responsibility in this respect. The
fact that we have acted with 30 other countries
demonstrates the will of the international community.

——————————
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Terrorist agency wants armed Papua groups, OPM designated terrorist organisations

March 24, 2021

Terrorist agency wants armed Papua groups, OPM designated terrorist

organisations

Antara News – March 22, 2021

Genta Tenri Mawangi, Jakarta — The National Counterterrorism Agency
(BNPT) plans to propose that armed criminal groups (KKB) in Papua and
the Free Papua Organisations (OPM) be designated as terrorist
organisations.

"We have initiated discussions with ministries and related institutions
on the issue of the KKB’s nomenclature", said BNPT head Police General
Commissioner Boy Rafli Amar during a hearing with the House of
Representatives’ (DPR) Commission III in Jakarta on Monday March 22.

Amar continued, "Whether or not they can be categorised as a terrorist
organisation because earlier it was conveyed that it is actually
appropriate for the KKB’s crimes to be categorised as or to be on par
with terrorist acts".

According to Amar, the BNPT is not just planning to invite ministries
and other institutions to discuss the matter, but will also invite other
parties including the National Human Rights Commission (Komnas HAM) and
representatives of the DPR to discuss the possibility of designating the
KKB, the National Liberation Army (TPN) and the OPM as terrorist
organisations.

"We want to look at the possibility, then make a proposal to Mr
President (Joko Widodo), why not categorise the OPM, TPN, KKB, who have
claim the lives of many security personnel and civilians as banned
organisations", said Amar during the hearing at the DPR.

According to Amar, the discussions and efforts to discuss the problem
are in order to reach and objective understanding of armed criminal
groups and separatist organisations in Papua.

Because of this, the BNPT will try to open the possibility for
discussions on the problem with other parties. This is because
designating the KKB, OPM and other groups as terrorist organisations
cannot be done by the BNPT alone.

"We can’t decide on it on our own. We are currently holding discussions.
After there’s some kind of agreement, we will propose changes to the
category of what is being done by the KKB as terrorist acts", said Amar.

Amar also took the opportunity to convey the view that armed criminal
groups and separatist organisations in Papua should be able to be
prosecuted under the articles in the anti-terrorism law.

He argued that the actions of these groups conflicts with humanitarian
values and spread fear in society. "The real actions they take, namely
attacking TNI [Indonesian military] and Polri [Indonesian police]
personnel and civilians there (in Papua)", said Amar.

Over the last few years calls to designate the OPM as a terrorist
organisation have been articulated by several parties, including in 2019
by former State Intelligence Agency (BIN) chief A.M. Hendropriyono.

Despite this, up until now the OPM is still known as a separatist group
and has yet to be designated as a terrorist organisation by the
government. The same is the case for the KKB who are still known as an
armed criminal group.

[Translated by James Balowski. The original title of the article was
"BNPT berencana usul KKB dan OPM ditetapkan jadi organisasi teroris".]

Source:
https://www.antaranews.com/berita/2057290/bnpt-berencana-usul-kkb-dan-opm-ditetapkan-jadi-organisasi-teroris

Young artists amplify West Papuan women burdens, sufferings through exhibition

March 19, 2021

https://en.jubi.co.id/west-papuan-artists-exhibition-violence-burdens/

Young artists amplify West Papuan women burdens, sufferings through exhibition

News Desk March 18, 2021 4:31 pm

West Papua No.1 News Portal | Jubi

Nancy Nahuway’s work called "Pain". Courtesy of "Sa Pu Kisah" Exhibition.

Yogyakarta, Jubi – Her eyes are sad. Her arms stretch out, palms facing up. One hand has a tray with cups on it, on another hand she has a bag hanging. In the bag were books. She stands straight even though her head is a bit down. Below are waves of water, blue. The visual art is Irene Wagab’s work, titled Ona Pak-Pak Mani Tombora.

In another image, we see a drawing that looks like a playing card. Instead of a queen, or king, we see two figures like totems. On one figure was a sash with “Black Label” written on it, and an IV drip, a pile of skulls. On another, a Holy Bible. The acrylic painting on a paper is the work of Diana Yembisa, titled “Broken”.

The works are part of an online exhibition called “Sa Pu Kisah: Buka Mata, Buka Hati” or “My Stories: Open Your Eyes, Open Your Hearts”. The event was part of a digital campaign focusing on stories of Papuan women. The exhibition was initiated by a visual art group in Papua, Udeido, and Asia Justice and Rights (AJAR).

The campaign is an attempt to “amplify” the voice of Papuan women about their experiences in violence and conflicts they experience and their fight against them and move on in spite of the violence.

The violence the Papuan women experience could not be separated from a long conflict that had happened in Papua, since 1963, until today. The women have been the receiving end of violence done by the state and in the domestic realm.

Ten young visual artists from Papuan, all women, exhibited their works in this event. They are: Betty Adii, Blandina Yeimo, Diana Yembise, Irene Wagab, Nancy Nahuway, Ritha Karubuy, Nadili Aibini, Dessy Baru, Aquino Renwarin, Jenita Hilapok. The event was opened on March 8 to coincide with International Women’s Day.

In her piece written for the event, Rut M. Ohoiwutun said that Papuan women suffered multilayers of violence. “Papuan women’s problems today are related to domestic violence, gender equality, polygamy, and sexual violence. Papuan women also face impunity of (perpetrators of) gross human rights violations. The violence suffered by Papuan women are multilayers: domestic, cultural, and institutional. The women are also affected by the contemporary issues often talked about now: massive investment,” wrote Ohoiwutun.

“Land grabbing, natural resources extraction and exploitation through state policies like the (Job Creation Law) that clearly sides with the transnational corporations like PT Freeport Indonesia, PT Korindo, PT Rajawali Group and other major companies that do business in Papua Land,” she went on.

Read also: Economic factors influencing Papuan women to become sex workers in Manokwari

“Women access to land is diminishing, the right to use and manage land, an inherent part of women, has been neglected,” she said.

In his curator’s note, Ignasius Dicky Takndare quoted a report titled “Just Stop!” by Working Group on Documentation of Violence and Human Rights Violations from 1963-2009 and a finding by UN Women in Joint Programme on Combating Violence Against Women and Girls in Papua Province. The reports revealed that the rate of violence against women and children in Papua Land was the highest, 4.5 times the national average.

The artists expressed their stories in various techniques and style. Wagab used pastel colors. She told her story as a woman growing up in Fak Fak, who was limited by the cultural norms to be “only a lowly cook”.

Yembise addressed alcoholism, drugs, which often leads to violence against women, husbands neglecting family duties. Nancy Nahuway painted on a canvas, a Papuan woman holds up her hands. On her ring finger is a wedding band, but the skin underneath oozes blood. On the painting called “Pain”, she wrote some words on the palm of the woman’s hand: emotional, gambling, alcohol, drugs, adultery.

To see more of the artists’ works, go to the online exhibition website: sapukisah.asia-ajar.org/pameran-online.

Reporter: Syam Terrajana
Editor: Angela Flassy

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https://en.jubi.co.id/farmers-in-manokwari-revive-cacao-for-green-economy/

2) Young farmers in Manokwari revive cacao for green economy

News Desk March 18, 2021 12:46 pm

West Papua No.1 News Portal | Jubi

South Manokwari, Jubi – A green economy initiative inspires a dozen young farmers and calls for more young people from 13 kampung in Ransiki District, South Manokwari Regency, in West Papua, to become cacao farmers.

The initiative, organized by Eiber Suth Cokran Cooperative, provides trainings for the young farmers to proliferate the seeds and manage cacao plantation professionally.

“Now, we are training 12 people,” said Abdul, the cooperative manager.

The initiative is part of Papua Green Economy Program, which is a cooperation between Indonesian and UK governments. The program develops agricultural knowledge among teh farmers for several commodities like coffee, cacao, nutmeg, coconuts and seaweed.

Read also: Green economy development would be on five indigenous territories

“Ransiki District receives 13 development programs on cacao. Among the programs are procurement of production facility support, certification and legalization of seedlings,” said deputy head of the green economy program, Alex Rumaseb.

The program also built 20 cacao nurseries to guarantee seedling supplies in Ransiki.

Rumaseb said the training also provided propagation methods of the premium cacao seedlings.

The Green Economy Program planned to improve the financial management of the Eiber Suth Cokran Cooperative to make it stronger.

Read also: Provincial Government Encourage Local Farmer to Grow Coffee and Cacao

“The program also gives incentives, every month, to each young farmer who joins the training. It aims at attracting more people to join,” said Rumaseb.

A trainee, Dolli Bonggoibo, 22, said he would apply the knowledge he gained in the training to his parent’s cocoa field in the kampung.

Eiber Suth Cokran Cooperative was established by South Manokwari Regency administration on Sept. 16, 2017. Three years later, West Papua Governor Dominggus Mandacan officiated a chocolate production house belonging to the cooperative.

Later, Green Economy Program got involved to help the cooperative and the local administration achieve the dream to revive the glory of Ransiki cacao like three decades ago. The program aimed at rehabilitating 1,000 hectaresof cacao field to produce premium cacao.

In November 2020, Eiber Suth Cokran Cooperative had managed 200 hectare of cacao field, the green economy program revealed.

The cacao business in the area came to a halt after a chocolate producing company, PT Cokran, went bankrupt.

“The glory of Ransiki cacao came to a abrupt halt after PT Cokran went bankrupt. The company even neglected thousands of employees,” said Mandacan, during the groundbreaking of the cacao production innovation building in Ransiki in February.

In February, he said he wanted South Manokwari to become the hub for cacao agriculture in East Indonesia.

Mandacan said cacao was a commodity that could grow without the need to clear forests and it could be a good resource for West Papua. The province had put cacao in the development acceleration program launched by President Joko Widodo.

“I have ordered the formation of a task force of premium commodities including cacao. The members are multi stakeholders, including the representatives of the central bank in West Papua,” he said.

Last year, the head of Research and Development Agency in West Papua province, Charlie D. Heatubun, said the selling price of premium cacao in the cooperative was Rp 45,000 per kg and regular cacao Rp 30,000. As of November 2020, Eibeth Sur Cokran Cooperative managed Rp 2.8 billion from cacao, Heatubun said.

Statistics Indonesia revealed that in 2019, Indonesia produced 769,000 metric tons of cacao, 99 percent of them came from people’s plantations. Five provinces that were top producers of cacao in 2019 were South Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Sulawesi, and West Sumatra.
The statistics also showed that the size of cacao plantations across the country was in declining trend, from 1.71 million hectares in 2015 to 1.61 million hectares in 2018. The agency estimated in 2019 it would decline to 1.59 million hectares.
In 2019 in West Papua province, cacao plantations reached 14,394 hectares, less than that of neighboring Papua province with 34,500 hectares. The production in West Papua province was 5,239 tons in 2019, while in Papua province the production reached 10,841 tons.

Reporter: Hans Kapisa
Editor: Aries Munandar, Edho Sinaga
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