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Save Papua’s Forests: Greenpeace

April 11, 2021

(Photos in article)
https://jakartaglobe.id/vision/save-papuas-forests-greenpeace

Protesters perform theatrical action during protest in front of the Environment and Forestry Ministry building in Central Jakarta on April 8, 2021. (JG Photo/Yudha Baskoro)

Save Papua’s Forests: Greenpeace

BY :YUDHA BASKORO
APRIL 11, 2021

Jakarta. Activists from the non-governmental organization Greenpeace Indonesia staged a protest in front of the Environment and Forestry Ministry building in Central Jakarta last Friday, demanding the government to return the customary forests in Papua to the indigenous people.

The protest was based on a Greenpeace International report titled "License to Clear" and published on April 6, 2021, which revealed allegations of systematic violations on plantation and forest release permits in Papua between 2011 and 2019.

The report also revealed that peatland and forest protection initiatives introduced by President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo’s administration, including the Forest Moratorium and the Oil Palm Moratorium, failed to produce the reforms promised.

The measures "are hamstrung by poor implementation and a lack of enforceability," Greenpeace International said in a statement.

Also, land clearing in Papua would lead to a massive carbon release that should undo Indonesia’s progress in tackling climate change, the organization said.

"It will be nearly impossible for Indonesia to meet its commitments in the Paris Agreement if the estimated 71.2 million tonnes of forest carbon stored in the plantation concession lands targeted for clearing in Papua Province are released," Greenpeace International said.

The protesters demanded the government to take corrective action immediately and return the forest to the indigenous people.

The protesters staged a theatrical protest, bringing burning trees, forest fires, and chainsaw replicas. They carry posters that express the rights of the Papuan peoples that reads "Save Papuan Indigenous Peoples," "Stop Licensing Destruction of Papua’s Forest," and convey a hashtag "#SayaBersamaHutanPapua."

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(Better reports will usually come from local media on incident )
https://en.antaranews.com/news/172182/papua-police-urged-to-evacuate-teachers-in-beoga-for-security-reasons

2) Papua police urged to evacuate teachers in Beoga for security reasons

11 hours ago

Jayapura, Papua (ANTARA) – Papua Province’s education authority has appealed to the police to evacuate teachers who still stay in Julukoma Village, Beoga Sub-district, Puncak District, to safer places for security reasons following the killings of two teachers this week.

"We rely on the police to guarantee the security of teachers who still stay in Beoga," Head of the Papua Provincial Government’s Education, Library, and Archive Office Christian Sohilait said in a statement that ANTARA quoted here Sunday.

To this end, Sohilait said he had coordinated with related authorities within the Papua provincial government, including Papua deputy governor, and the Papua police chief.

The deadly attacks of several armed Papuan criminals on Thursday and Friday had triggered several teachers to take refuge along with local residents at a military post, he said.

Several armed Papuan criminals shot dead two teachers, and torched junior and senior high school buildings in Beoga Sub-district on Thursday and Friday.

As a result, several local residents fled their homes and took refuge at a military post.

According to Papua Police Chief Insp.Gen.Mathius Fakhiri, they would soon be evacuated to Sugapa Sub-district in Intan Jaya District.

"The violent acts of the armed Papuan criminals are brutal," Fakhiri said, adding that some 25 personnel of the police’s elite Mobile Brigade unit, stationed at the Beoga police precinct, joined efforts to secure and protect the refugees.

Security disturbances have been reported sporadically from several areas, such as Puncak and Intan Jaya Districts, where armed Papuan groups operate.

Intan Jaya recorded its bloodiest month in September, 2020, with notorious armed groups launching a series of attacks in the area that claimed the lives of two soldiers and two civilians and left two others injured.

These notorious armed Papuan groups have continued their acts of terror during the new year.

On January 6, 2021, some 10 armed Papuans vandalized and torched a Quest Kodiak aircraft belonging to the Mission Aviation Fellowship (MAF) at the Pagamba Village airstrip.

The armed groups often employ hit-and-run tactics against Indonesian security personnel, while they unleash acts of terror against civilians to instill a sense of fear among the people.

On February 8, 2021, an armed rebel reportedly shot a 32-year-old man at close range in Bilogai Village, Sugapa Sub-district.

The victim, identified by his initials as RNR, sustained gunshot wounds on the face and right shoulder and was taken to the Timika Public Hospital in Mimika District on February 9.

On February 9, 2021, six armed Papuans fatally stabbed a motorcycle taxi (ojek) driver.

Related news: Papua police urged to crack down on killers of two teachers

Related news: Residents taking refuge at Beoga’s mily post to be evacuated: police

Reporter: Hendrina DK, Rahmad Nasution
Editor: Fardah Assegaf

———————————

https://en.antaranews.com/news/172178/papua-police-urged-to-crack-down-on-killers-of-two-teachers
3) Papua police urged to crack down on killers of two teachers
11 hours ago

Jakarta (ANTARA) – A legislator has appealed to the Papua police to crack down on armed Papuan criminals who had shot dead two teachers in Beoga Sub-district, Puncak District, Papua Province.

"The police must soon arrest the perpetrators," Member of the House of Representatives’ (DPR’s) Commission III overseeing legal affairs, Andi Rio Idris Padjalangi, said.

He extended his deepest condolences over the deaths of the two teachers, and urged the police to be able to stop the recurrence of such fatal shootings in the future.

"Do not let our innocent civilians in Papua again fall victim to the armed Papuan criminals’ acts of violence," he said in a statement that ANTARA quoted here on Sunday.

In an endeavor to maintain peace and security, and the law and order in the Indonesian province of Papua, Padjalangi opined that the police could deploy more personnel.

The deployment of more police personnel was needed because the notorious armed criminals still continue their campaigns of violence targeting civilians, he said.

"The police must bring a sense of security to the people of Papua so that they can do their daily activities in a peaceful and comfortable environment," he added.

Several armed Papuan criminals shot dead two teachers, and torched junior and senior high school buildings in Beoga Sub-district on Thursday and Friday.

As a result, several local residents fled their homes and took refuge at a military post.

According to Papua Police Chief Insp.Gen.Mathius Fakhiri, they would soon be evacuated to Sugapa Sub-district in Intan Jaya District.

"The violent acts of the armed Papuan criminals are brutal," Fakhiri said, adding that some 25 personnel of the police’s elite Mobile Brigade unit, stationed at the Beoga police precinct, joined efforts to secure and protect the refugees.

Security disturbances have been reported sporadically from several areas, such as Puncak and Intan Jaya Districts, where armed Papuan groups operate.

Intan Jaya recorded its bloodiest month in September, 2020, with notorious armed groups launching a series of attacks in the area that claimed the lives of two soldiers and two civilians and left two others injured.

These notorious armed Papuan groups have continued their acts of terror during the new year.

On January 6, 2021, some 10 armed Papuans vandalized and torched a Quest Kodiak aircraft belonging to the Mission Aviation Fellowship (MAF) at the Pagamba Village airstrip.

The armed groups often employ hit-and-run tactics against Indonesian security personnel, while they unleash acts of terror against civilians to instill a sense of fear among the people.

On February 8, 2021, an armed rebel reportedly shot a 32-year-old man at close range in Bilogai Village, Sugapa Sub-district.

The victim, identified by his initials as RNR, sustained gunshot wounds on the face and right shoulder and was taken to the Timika Public Hospital in Mimika District on February 9.

On February 9, 2021, six armed Papuans fatally stabbed a motorcycle taxi (ojek) driver.

Related news: Residents taking refuge at Beoga’s mily post to be evacuated: police

Related news: Another teacher in Papua’s Beoga killed in criminal group’s shooting

Reporter: Boyke LW, Rahmad Nasution
Editor: Fardah Assegaf

Amnesty International: INDONESIA 2020

April 7, 2021

Full report here:

English: https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/POL1032022021ENGLISH.PDF

Indonesia chapter in Indonesian: https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/POL1032022021INDONESIAN.PDF

USGov: 2020 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices – Indonesia

April 1, 2021

Entire report linked from here: https://www.state.gov/reports/2020-country-reports-on-human-rights-practices/


BNPT proposed to categorise OPM as a terrorist organisation – TAPOL Statement

March 31, 2021

The Free Papua Organisation is Not a Terrorist Group

(London, 31 March 2021) TAPOL strongly denounces the proposal put forward by the Indonesian National Counterterrorism Agency (BNPT/Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Terorisme) to categorise the Free Papua Organisation (OPM/Organisasi Papua Merdeka) as a terrorist organisation. Such a move will lead to more serious human rights abuses in West Papua.

Detachment 88, the anti-terrorism unit in Indonesia, which receives training and equipment from the United States and Australia, has been widely criticized by human rights groups for its notorious and disproportionate actions and being allowed to act with impunity.

A decade ago, Detachment 88 was deployed to attack peaceful pro-independence groups. Dangerous accusations were made against these groups, such as creating and possessing bombs, to justify aggressive arbitrary raids, arrests, torture, and killings. Musa Mako Tabuni, a key West Papuan non-violent political leader was infamously assassinated in broad daylight by Detachment 88 in 2012.

Terrorists are those who attack civilians to instil fear in the population. The OPM is responsible for a small number of civilian deaths compared to the Indonesian security forces. Based on the reports that TAPOL has received, most of the tens of thousands of Indigenous West Papuans displaced due to armed conflict fled their homes because they are afraid of reprisals by the Indonesian security forces.

Calling OPM a terrorist organisation will only give more power to the state security forces to carry out more gross human rights violations in West Papua with impunity. The label will also further stigmatize West Papuan people who have already been subjected to institutionalized and systemic racism in Indonesia.

Not only does the terrorist label worsen the human rights situation, it will also reduce the possibility of peaceful resolution of armed conflict between Jakarta and West Papua. Since the proposal was advanced last week, several non-violent groups in West Papua have declared the Indonesian military and police as terrorists instead.

TAPOL has advocated for a peaceful resolution of the political and armed conflicts in West Papua. We recognize that the OPM, otherwise known as the West Papua National Liberation Army (TPNPB/Tentara Pembebasan Nasional Papua Barat), is one of the oldest national liberation armies in the world fighting against colonial rule. It must therefore be part of a political, not a military solution, which designating it as a terrorist group cannot achieve.

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Human Rights Update – Statement ­ in the UK House of Lords

March 26, 2021

HLord Harries calls for sanctions on Hendroprioyono for West Papua atrocities

Human Rights Update – Statement ­ in the UK House of Lords at 1:000 pm on
23rd March 2021

https://www.theyworkforyou.com/lords/?id=2021-03-23a.731.6#g741.1

(Citation: HL Deb, 23 March 2021, c741)

Lord Harries of Pentregarth
Crossbench

I welcome the strong Statement and the actions
that are to follow from it, but will the
Government act with consistency and similar
firmness in relation to other countries where
human rights are grossly violated? I could
mention a number, but I shall mention one that
gets almost no publicity: the continuing
atrocities and ethnic cleansing in West Papua.
For example, the retired General Hendropriyono,
the former head of Indonesian intelligence—the
BIN—has called for 2 million on West Papuans to
be forcibly removed from their homes and
relocated elsewhere in Indonesia. I know that the
Government repeatedly condemn such actions, but
will they go further, be consistent and impose
sanctions on him and others involved in what is,
in effect, an attempt to destroy a whole people and its culture?

Response from Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)

Again, as the noble and right reverend Lord
acknowledged, the Government have rightly
consistently called out human rights abuses, not
just in the situation he described but elsewhere
in the world. On sanctions specifically, as I
have indicated, a process is followed to ensure
that the sanctions we impose are evidence-based
and robust. We will continue to act. We do not
shy away. Many rightly challenged us for a number
of months that we were not acting on sanctioning
figures from China. We have done so, and China is
a major world power. We have not shied away from
our moral responsibility in this respect. The
fact that we have acted with 30 other countries
demonstrates the will of the international community.

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Terrorist agency wants armed Papua groups, OPM designated terrorist organisations

March 24, 2021

Terrorist agency wants armed Papua groups, OPM designated terrorist

organisations

Antara News – March 22, 2021

Genta Tenri Mawangi, Jakarta — The National Counterterrorism Agency
(BNPT) plans to propose that armed criminal groups (KKB) in Papua and
the Free Papua Organisations (OPM) be designated as terrorist
organisations.

"We have initiated discussions with ministries and related institutions
on the issue of the KKB’s nomenclature", said BNPT head Police General
Commissioner Boy Rafli Amar during a hearing with the House of
Representatives’ (DPR) Commission III in Jakarta on Monday March 22.

Amar continued, "Whether or not they can be categorised as a terrorist
organisation because earlier it was conveyed that it is actually
appropriate for the KKB’s crimes to be categorised as or to be on par
with terrorist acts".

According to Amar, the BNPT is not just planning to invite ministries
and other institutions to discuss the matter, but will also invite other
parties including the National Human Rights Commission (Komnas HAM) and
representatives of the DPR to discuss the possibility of designating the
KKB, the National Liberation Army (TPN) and the OPM as terrorist
organisations.

"We want to look at the possibility, then make a proposal to Mr
President (Joko Widodo), why not categorise the OPM, TPN, KKB, who have
claim the lives of many security personnel and civilians as banned
organisations", said Amar during the hearing at the DPR.

According to Amar, the discussions and efforts to discuss the problem
are in order to reach and objective understanding of armed criminal
groups and separatist organisations in Papua.

Because of this, the BNPT will try to open the possibility for
discussions on the problem with other parties. This is because
designating the KKB, OPM and other groups as terrorist organisations
cannot be done by the BNPT alone.

"We can’t decide on it on our own. We are currently holding discussions.
After there’s some kind of agreement, we will propose changes to the
category of what is being done by the KKB as terrorist acts", said Amar.

Amar also took the opportunity to convey the view that armed criminal
groups and separatist organisations in Papua should be able to be
prosecuted under the articles in the anti-terrorism law.

He argued that the actions of these groups conflicts with humanitarian
values and spread fear in society. "The real actions they take, namely
attacking TNI [Indonesian military] and Polri [Indonesian police]
personnel and civilians there (in Papua)", said Amar.

Over the last few years calls to designate the OPM as a terrorist
organisation have been articulated by several parties, including in 2019
by former State Intelligence Agency (BIN) chief A.M. Hendropriyono.

Despite this, up until now the OPM is still known as a separatist group
and has yet to be designated as a terrorist organisation by the
government. The same is the case for the KKB who are still known as an
armed criminal group.

[Translated by James Balowski. The original title of the article was
"BNPT berencana usul KKB dan OPM ditetapkan jadi organisasi teroris".]

Source:
https://www.antaranews.com/berita/2057290/bnpt-berencana-usul-kkb-dan-opm-ditetapkan-jadi-organisasi-teroris

Young artists amplify West Papuan women burdens, sufferings through exhibition

March 19, 2021

https://en.jubi.co.id/west-papuan-artists-exhibition-violence-burdens/

Young artists amplify West Papuan women burdens, sufferings through exhibition

News Desk March 18, 2021 4:31 pm

West Papua No.1 News Portal | Jubi

Nancy Nahuway’s work called "Pain". Courtesy of "Sa Pu Kisah" Exhibition.

Yogyakarta, Jubi – Her eyes are sad. Her arms stretch out, palms facing up. One hand has a tray with cups on it, on another hand she has a bag hanging. In the bag were books. She stands straight even though her head is a bit down. Below are waves of water, blue. The visual art is Irene Wagab’s work, titled Ona Pak-Pak Mani Tombora.

In another image, we see a drawing that looks like a playing card. Instead of a queen, or king, we see two figures like totems. On one figure was a sash with “Black Label” written on it, and an IV drip, a pile of skulls. On another, a Holy Bible. The acrylic painting on a paper is the work of Diana Yembisa, titled “Broken”.

The works are part of an online exhibition called “Sa Pu Kisah: Buka Mata, Buka Hati” or “My Stories: Open Your Eyes, Open Your Hearts”. The event was part of a digital campaign focusing on stories of Papuan women. The exhibition was initiated by a visual art group in Papua, Udeido, and Asia Justice and Rights (AJAR).

The campaign is an attempt to “amplify” the voice of Papuan women about their experiences in violence and conflicts they experience and their fight against them and move on in spite of the violence.

The violence the Papuan women experience could not be separated from a long conflict that had happened in Papua, since 1963, until today. The women have been the receiving end of violence done by the state and in the domestic realm.

Ten young visual artists from Papuan, all women, exhibited their works in this event. They are: Betty Adii, Blandina Yeimo, Diana Yembise, Irene Wagab, Nancy Nahuway, Ritha Karubuy, Nadili Aibini, Dessy Baru, Aquino Renwarin, Jenita Hilapok. The event was opened on March 8 to coincide with International Women’s Day.

In her piece written for the event, Rut M. Ohoiwutun said that Papuan women suffered multilayers of violence. “Papuan women’s problems today are related to domestic violence, gender equality, polygamy, and sexual violence. Papuan women also face impunity of (perpetrators of) gross human rights violations. The violence suffered by Papuan women are multilayers: domestic, cultural, and institutional. The women are also affected by the contemporary issues often talked about now: massive investment,” wrote Ohoiwutun.

“Land grabbing, natural resources extraction and exploitation through state policies like the (Job Creation Law) that clearly sides with the transnational corporations like PT Freeport Indonesia, PT Korindo, PT Rajawali Group and other major companies that do business in Papua Land,” she went on.

Read also: Economic factors influencing Papuan women to become sex workers in Manokwari

“Women access to land is diminishing, the right to use and manage land, an inherent part of women, has been neglected,” she said.

In his curator’s note, Ignasius Dicky Takndare quoted a report titled “Just Stop!” by Working Group on Documentation of Violence and Human Rights Violations from 1963-2009 and a finding by UN Women in Joint Programme on Combating Violence Against Women and Girls in Papua Province. The reports revealed that the rate of violence against women and children in Papua Land was the highest, 4.5 times the national average.

The artists expressed their stories in various techniques and style. Wagab used pastel colors. She told her story as a woman growing up in Fak Fak, who was limited by the cultural norms to be “only a lowly cook”.

Yembise addressed alcoholism, drugs, which often leads to violence against women, husbands neglecting family duties. Nancy Nahuway painted on a canvas, a Papuan woman holds up her hands. On her ring finger is a wedding band, but the skin underneath oozes blood. On the painting called “Pain”, she wrote some words on the palm of the woman’s hand: emotional, gambling, alcohol, drugs, adultery.

To see more of the artists’ works, go to the online exhibition website: sapukisah.asia-ajar.org/pameran-online.

Reporter: Syam Terrajana
Editor: Angela Flassy

——————————————————-

https://en.jubi.co.id/farmers-in-manokwari-revive-cacao-for-green-economy/

2) Young farmers in Manokwari revive cacao for green economy

News Desk March 18, 2021 12:46 pm

West Papua No.1 News Portal | Jubi

South Manokwari, Jubi – A green economy initiative inspires a dozen young farmers and calls for more young people from 13 kampung in Ransiki District, South Manokwari Regency, in West Papua, to become cacao farmers.

The initiative, organized by Eiber Suth Cokran Cooperative, provides trainings for the young farmers to proliferate the seeds and manage cacao plantation professionally.

“Now, we are training 12 people,” said Abdul, the cooperative manager.

The initiative is part of Papua Green Economy Program, which is a cooperation between Indonesian and UK governments. The program develops agricultural knowledge among teh farmers for several commodities like coffee, cacao, nutmeg, coconuts and seaweed.

Read also: Green economy development would be on five indigenous territories

“Ransiki District receives 13 development programs on cacao. Among the programs are procurement of production facility support, certification and legalization of seedlings,” said deputy head of the green economy program, Alex Rumaseb.

The program also built 20 cacao nurseries to guarantee seedling supplies in Ransiki.

Rumaseb said the training also provided propagation methods of the premium cacao seedlings.

The Green Economy Program planned to improve the financial management of the Eiber Suth Cokran Cooperative to make it stronger.

Read also: Provincial Government Encourage Local Farmer to Grow Coffee and Cacao

“The program also gives incentives, every month, to each young farmer who joins the training. It aims at attracting more people to join,” said Rumaseb.

A trainee, Dolli Bonggoibo, 22, said he would apply the knowledge he gained in the training to his parent’s cocoa field in the kampung.

Eiber Suth Cokran Cooperative was established by South Manokwari Regency administration on Sept. 16, 2017. Three years later, West Papua Governor Dominggus Mandacan officiated a chocolate production house belonging to the cooperative.

Later, Green Economy Program got involved to help the cooperative and the local administration achieve the dream to revive the glory of Ransiki cacao like three decades ago. The program aimed at rehabilitating 1,000 hectaresof cacao field to produce premium cacao.

In November 2020, Eiber Suth Cokran Cooperative had managed 200 hectare of cacao field, the green economy program revealed.

The cacao business in the area came to a halt after a chocolate producing company, PT Cokran, went bankrupt.

“The glory of Ransiki cacao came to a abrupt halt after PT Cokran went bankrupt. The company even neglected thousands of employees,” said Mandacan, during the groundbreaking of the cacao production innovation building in Ransiki in February.

In February, he said he wanted South Manokwari to become the hub for cacao agriculture in East Indonesia.

Mandacan said cacao was a commodity that could grow without the need to clear forests and it could be a good resource for West Papua. The province had put cacao in the development acceleration program launched by President Joko Widodo.

“I have ordered the formation of a task force of premium commodities including cacao. The members are multi stakeholders, including the representatives of the central bank in West Papua,” he said.

Last year, the head of Research and Development Agency in West Papua province, Charlie D. Heatubun, said the selling price of premium cacao in the cooperative was Rp 45,000 per kg and regular cacao Rp 30,000. As of November 2020, Eibeth Sur Cokran Cooperative managed Rp 2.8 billion from cacao, Heatubun said.

Statistics Indonesia revealed that in 2019, Indonesia produced 769,000 metric tons of cacao, 99 percent of them came from people’s plantations. Five provinces that were top producers of cacao in 2019 were South Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Sulawesi, and West Sumatra.
The statistics also showed that the size of cacao plantations across the country was in declining trend, from 1.71 million hectares in 2015 to 1.61 million hectares in 2018. The agency estimated in 2019 it would decline to 1.59 million hectares.
In 2019 in West Papua province, cacao plantations reached 14,394 hectares, less than that of neighboring Papua province with 34,500 hectares. The production in West Papua province was 5,239 tons in 2019, while in Papua province the production reached 10,841 tons.

Reporter: Hans Kapisa
Editor: Aries Munandar, Edho Sinaga
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West Papua Covid-19 vaccination: Updates and obstacles

March 6, 2021

https://en.jubi.co.id/west-papua-covid-19-vaccination-updates/

West Papua Covid-19 vaccination: Updates and obstacles

News Desk March 5, 2021 10:41 pm

Jayapura, Jubi – Vaccination in Papua Land, or internationally known as West Papua, has faced obstacles caused mainly by the lack of human resources and health facilities, an official said on March 4, 2021.

Papua Land comprises Indonesia’s Papua and West Papua provinces.

The head of Papua Covid-19 Task Force, William Manderi, said some areas in the province had yet to hold the vaccination drive.

Across Indonesia, the central government had vaccinated more than 2.28 million people for the first shot and more than 1.1 million people for the second, final shot, with a vaccine produced by Sinovac.

Read also: Covid-19 vaccination for health workers in Papua runs at slow pace

The province, as of late January 2021, had received 42,000 doses of vaccines, which had been distributed to all 28 regencies and to the provincial capital, Jayapura municipality. Papua’s chapter of Statistics Indonesia (BPS) showed that as of 2020 the province had 3.43 million people.

The neighboring province, West Papua, had received about 8,500 doses of Covid-19 vaccines as of late January. The province has 12 regencies and one municipality and 1.13 million people as of 2020 according to the West Papua chapter of BPS.

Both provinces are actually among those that had the highest vaccine acceptance according to a 2020 survey by World Health Organization and Unicef.

Covid-19 vaccines acceptance across Indonesia according to WHO and Unicef survey in late 2020. Courtesy of who.int.

West Papua held the lowest vaccine hesitancy or the highest acceptance across the country with 74 percent while Papua province held the third position along with Bengkulu province in Sumatra. The second position was held by East Nusa Tenggara province with 70 percent. The lowest acceptance was held by Aceh province with 46 percent.

However, the easternmost provinces also had limited health facilities and human resources, not to mention digital infrastructure.

“The regions that want to hold the vaccination drive need resources, right,” Manderi said.

Manderi said the problems in gathering vaccines recipients data, which mostly done digitally, had also been another obstacle.

Papua Health Agency showed that as of March 1, 2021, all the regencies in Papua had held a vaccination drive. Lanny Jaya Regency was the last to hold one.

Papua and West Papua provinces still focused on medical workers and public officers. Papua targeted to vaccinate 18,352 medical workers.

The head of disease prevention and control at Papua Health Agency, Aaron Rumainum, who was the first person in the province who got the vaccine shot, said other problems included the low budget and the low commitment from the regional leaders to make the Covid-19 vaccination drive a success.

Read also: 139 villages on Jayapura preparing 700 hectares farmland during Covid-19 pandemic

“We hope the regional leaders immediately reallocated their budget for Covid-19 vaccination,” said Rumainum recently.

On March 3, 2021, Lanny Jaya Regent Befa Yigibalom said 500 people had been registered to receive the shots while the regency only got 440 doses. “We have registered 500 people so there is a high possibility that the doses we received would be gone soon, so I have ordered some more,” Yigibalom said as quoted by Antara news agency.

On March 4, 2021, 85 medical workers in Tolikara Regency received the first vaccination shot from Sinovac.

The vaccination was held in two places: Kolengger Community Health Center and Karubaga General Regional Hospital.

Tolikara Health Agency head, Alsen Genongga, said 383 medical workers from Tolikara had participated in the Covid-19 vaccination workshop in Wamena in February to learn how to administer the shots. The medical workers would become the resources to give the rest of the population the vaccine shots.

Genongga said in a release made available on March 4 that they had received 400 doses.

He said the first phase would serve medical workers, scheduled to be completed by the fourth week of March. The second phase would be for the Indonesia Military, the National Police personnel, the civil servants, traders, transportation workers like motorcycle taxis (ojek) drivers and others drivers. The third would be for the rest of the population in Tolikara.

Reporter: Arjuna Pademme, Jean Bisay

Editor: Edho Sinaga, Aryo Wisanggeni, Evi Mariani

—————————————-
https://asiapacificreport.nz/2021/03/05/papua-support-group-praises-meg-taylor-for-un-rights-statement/

2) Papua support group praises Meg Taylor for UN rights statement
By APR editor – March 5, 2021

Asia Pacific Report

The Australia West Papua Association (AWPA) has called on the Australian government to stop trying to keep Papua off the agenda at the Pacific Islands Forum and “strenuously support” Pacific leaders in urging Jakarta to allow a PIF fact-finding mission to the territory.

Congratulating the PIF Secretary-General Meg Taylor on her statement to the 46th session of the UN Human Rights Council, also called on Canberra to back the call for the visit to West Papua by the High Commissioner for Human Rights.

An AWPA statement from Sydney said Taylor raised the issues of covid-19, climate change and West Papua and pointed out that the pandemic must not hinder efforts to address critical issues.

About West Papua, she said the violent conflict and subsequent human rights violations in West Papua had been of concern for PIF leaders for more than 20 years.

Joe Collins of AWPA said, “The Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) and the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG), the two main regional organisations in the Pacific, are very important for the issue of West Papua,” said Joe Collins of AWPA.

Pacific leaders regularly raised the issue of West Papua at the UN and other international fora, given credibility to the issue on the world stage. This was the reason Pacific leaders were regularly condemned by Jakarta.

“The human rights situation in West Papua is an issue of great concern for Pacific governments and their people and has the potential to impact on relations between Australia and countries in the region,” Collins said.
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https://en.jubi.co.id/freeport-shooting-case-ivan-sambom-trial/

3) Freeport shooting case: Lawyer pleads court to acquit Ivan Sambom

News Desk March 5, 2021 9:03 pm

West Papua No. 1 News Portal | Jubi

Jayapura, Jubi – The lawyer of Indius also known as Ivan Sambom, a former security guard at PT Freeport Indonesia, pleaded to the panel of judges at North Jakarta District Court on March 3, 2021 to acquit his client because there was no evidence that Sambom possessed an illegal gun. Sambom was arrested following a shooting in Freeport’s office.

Gustav Kawer, the director of Association of Human Rights Advocates in Papua (PAHAM Papua), who was one of Sambom’s lawyer, said the trial so far had yet to present any facts or evidence that Sambom had an illegal firearm. PAHAM Papua also said in a release made available on March 4 that the trial had yet to present any evidence of Sambom’s involvement in a murder of a New Zealand citizen in Mimika Regency on March 30, 2020.

Read also: Freeport Indonesia declares business running as usual

Earlier in April last year, former Papua Police chief Insp. Gen. Paulus Waterpauw said as quoted in Jakarta-based media outlets that Sambom was a security guard at the mining company who doubled as “a spy for an armed criminal group or KKB”. KKB is Indonesian security personnel lingo to label armed groups affiliated to Free Papua Movement like the West Papua National Liberation Army (TPNPB).

Waterpauw said Sambom often posted his support to Papua’s Independence in his social media posts.

Sambom was arrested by Nemangkawi Task Force in his house in Kampung Iwaka, Mimika, following a shooting at the mining company’s office in Kuala Kencana that killed Grame Thomas Wall, a New Zealand citizen and injured two others, both Indonesians.

The police accused him of having, possessing, or hiding a firearm and other ammunition or violating Emergency Law No. 12/1951. On Oct. 27, 2020, his trial began in North Jakarta.

On Feb. 25, the prosecutors team read their indictment, demanding three years imprisonment for Sambom.

Kawer said the witnesses who lived and had activities with the defendant had testified that they never saw the defendant storing, carrying, or using any firearm or ammunition. The defendant also denied any firearm or ammunition possession. Kawer said all the security personnel who testified in the trial said similar accounts: They “found” the ammunition in Sambom’s house.

Kawer said the facts heard in the trial had convinced him that the ammunition found was planted to trap and criminalized Sambom. He said the evidence and expert witnesses testimonies did not relate to any of the defendant’s alleged actions.

On March 30, 2020, TPNPB’s Operation Area III Commander Hendrik Wamang took responsibility for the shooting.

Reporter: Benny Mawel
Editor: Aryo Wisanggeni G, Evi Mariani

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https://en.antaranews.com/news/169317/papua-six-women-brimob-officers-join-nemangkawi-task-force

4) Papua: Six women Brimob officers join Nemangkawi task force
16 hours ago

Jakarta (ANTARA) – The National Police’s Mobile Brigade (Brimob) has dispatched six of its best female police officers to join the Nemangkawi Task Force in the Indonesian province of Papua.

They are well-trained and their excellent skills will be tested in duties with the task force, Brimob chief Insp.Gen.Anang Revandoko said.

Like other personnel of the Nemangkawi Task Force, Brimob’s women officers will also protect Papua from security threats posed by armed Papuan groups, he added.

"They will also coordinate with their counterparts from the Indonesian Military (TNI)," he was quoted as saying on @sekolah_kedinasan Instagram account here on Friday.

The six women police officers’ involvement in a challenging "humanitarian operation" in Papua is an extraordinary event, he remarked.

Police chief, Gen.Listyo Sigit Prabowo, recently lauded the performance of the Nemangkawi Task Force in arresting and securing perpetrators of violence.

"I appreciate all the task force’s personnel," he said, while urging them to stay alert, given the armed groups’ propaganda against the special autonomy bill.

Amid a spate of violence in Papua, the national police chief recently approved the appointment of Papua police chief as the Nemangkawi Task Force’s commandant.

ANTARA has reported earlier that Papua’s security and public order situation has mostly remained normal.

Security disturbances, however, have been reported sporadically from several areas where armed Papuan groups operate, such as Intan Jaya district.

According to reports, several armed Papuan groups operate around Intan Jaya, including the one led by Sabinus Waker.

Armed groups in the district have repeatedly engaged in gunfights with security personnel. They have also gone on a shooting rampage targeting innocent civilians.

ANTARA had reported the launch of a security operation, "Operation Nemangkawi”, in 2019 following the massacre of 31 workers from PT Istaka Karya in Kali Yigi and Kali Aurak in Yigi sub-district, Nduga district, on December 2, 2018.

Armed Papuan rebels, who were reportedly behind the brutal killings of the Trans Papua construction workers, also killed a soldier, identified as Handoko, and injured two other security personnel, Sugeng and Wahyu.

Papua has been witness to a repeated cycle of violence, with armed groups in the districts of Intan Jaya, Nduga, and Puncak targeting civilians and security personnel over the past two years. (INE)

Related news: Papua police chief to lead Nemangkawi task force
Related news: Riau Islands police elite unit’s 252 members deployed to Papua

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wp Papuan students accuse Jakarta of using Special Autonomy to cover its sins

February 28, 2021

Papuan students accuse Jakarta of using Special Autonomy to cover its
sins

CNN Indonesia – February 24, 2021

Jakarta — Scores of Papuan students held a protest action in front of
the Home Affairs Ministry office in Jakarta on Wednesday February 24
expressing their opposition to the extension of Special Autonomy (Otsus)
in the land of the Cenderawasih as Papua is known.

The protesters began arriving at the Home Affairs Office at around 12
noon carrying posters rejecting the extension of Special Autonomy in
Papua.

One of the demonstrators also brought a black coffin with the writing
"Otsus is Dead". Another brought a black cross with the writing "Special
Autonomy" on it.

In a speech, Ambrosius Mulait said that Papuan students do not want
Special Autonomy to be extended, saying it has had no influence on the
people’s welfare in Papua.

"Otsus only covers up the sins of the Jakarta government", said Mulait
leading the front ranks of the action on Wednesday.

Mulait said that development in Papua does not need Special Autonomy and
asserted that regional development is the government’s obligation. He
also asserted that the government is obliged to ensure health services,
development and infrastructure.

The protesters believe that Special Autonomy is a nothing more than a
political agenda by the administration. "Regardless of their policies
don’t let them be too political. Papuan is not a puppet which must be
sacrificed by this country", said Mulait.

Another group also held a demonstration at the same time as the Papuan
students. The counter-demonstration called on police to break up the
Papuan rally because of Covid-19 health protocols.

"Break it up oyi! Break it up! This pandemic! NKRI [the Unitary State of
the Republic of Indonesia] is not negotiable!", shouted the
counter-protestors.

Throughout the action, police officers from the Central Jakarta district
police were on guard near the Home Affairs Ministry offices. The police
repeatedly warned the protesters to maintain social distancing and apply
Covid-19 health protocols.

Similar actions were also held by Papuan students in several other parts
of the country including Pontianak in West Kalimantan, Malang in East
Java and Bengkulu in Sumatra.

The demands at these rallies were the same, namely opposing the
extension of Special Autonomy in Papua. In addition to this, they also
opposed a New Regional Autonomy (DOB) plan to create new provinces and
regencies in Papua and called for an end to troop deployments in Papua.

"Special Autonomy, which has been in effect in the land of Papua for 19
years counting from 2001, has not in fact added anything special for the
Papuan people other than human rights violations and the stifling of
democratic space against the voices and aspirations of the Papuan
people", read a statement by the Greater Malang Papuan High-School and
University Student Association (IPMA-PAPUA) received by CNN Indonesia.

The central government has applied the policy of Special Autonomy since
2001. A number of special facilities have been given to Papua including
a special annual budget allocation from the state budget.

Special Autonomy will expire this year. Plans for its extension are
currently being discussed by the government and the House of
Representatives (DPR).(dhf/nma)

[Translated by James Balowski. The original title of the article was
"Mahasiswa Papua Demo Kantor Tito Tolak Perpanjangan Otsus".]

Source:
https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20210224131232-20-610314/mahasiswa-papua-demo-kantor-tito-tolak-perpanjangan-otsus

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Grassroots support for West Papua in PNG

January 17, 2021

https://www.policyforum.net/grassroots-support-for-west-papua-in-png/

Grassroots support for West Papua in PNG

A reckoning with history
MICHAEL KABUNI
14 JANUARY 2021

About the Author
Michael Kabuni Michael Kabuni is a Lecturer with the Political Science Department of the University of Papua New Guinea.

Many people in Papua New Guinea are now demanding that the United States and other developed countries rectify their role in the oppression of West Papuan independence, Michael Kabuni writes.
The United Liberation Movement for West Papua has announced that it is forming the West Papuan Provisional Government. This comes as Indonesia has refused to extend the Special Autonomy provision granted to West Papua 20 years ago, which is set to expire next year. Across the border, support for West Papuan independence in Papua New Guinea (PNG) has been growing. Even though PNG’s prime minister has not expressed support for West Papuan independence as Vanuatu has, the grassroots support in PNG is arguably stronger than in Vanuatu.
On 24 August and 10 September 2019, residents of Port Moresby participated in two protests, each drawing about 2,000 thousand people. PNG citizens walked with banners supporting West Papuan independence. Speeches from politicians and activists alike noted the ongoing failure of the United States, Australia and United Nations (UN) to call out Indonesia over its actions. There were also concurrent protest marches in Vanimo and Lae.
The rise in support for West Papua in PNG is attributed to two factors: the rise in the use of social media, and growing awareness of the historical injustices committed by Indonesia with the implicit support of the United States.
Papua New Guineans are increasingly aware of the United States’ role in Indonesia’s annexation of West Papua in 1969 because of the declassification of American cables. In response, National District Governor Powes Parkop and Northern Province Governor Gary Juffa expressed their outrage during their speeches at the September 2019 march.BBC News

These cables revealed a number of damning facts, beginning from when the Netherlands granted independence to Indonesia in 1949. The Dutch kept West Papua until 1961, fully intending for it to become independent. Subsequently, then Indonesian President Sukarno appealed to the UN to ‘recover’ West Papua, despite it being entirely Melanesian.
When Indonesia threatened annexation, the Kennedy administration orchestrated the 1962 New York Agreement, giving West Papua to Indonesia with the proviso that an election for self-determination be organised by 1969. Indonesian forces quickly silenced political dissidents demanding independence. However, the United States desired good relations with Indonesia to combat the spread of communismand knew that ‘Indonesia would never allow West Irian to become independent’.
In 1965, Sukarno announced an anti-imperialist alliance with China that sparked a failed coup. General Suharto led the systematic killing of up to a million leftist Indonesians, which was unopposed by the Unites States, who feared communism. Suharto assumed power and, by 2004, he topped the world corruption ranking.
Now that Indonesia had become anti-communist, the Kennedy administration, followed by the Johnson and Nixon administrations, continued to ignore human rights violations in West Papua for commercial reasons. In 1967, Suharto passed a law that enabled Freeport Sulphur, a transnational American company, to create the world’s largest gold mine. As the largest tax payer, Freeport became a powerful political lobby group in Jakarta.
In return for political and physical protection, Freeport became the de facto administrator of West Papua and maintained mutually beneficial relationships with Suharto, his military, and the political elite, while engaging in unethical deals and allegedly corrupt practices.
Some Papua New Guineans think American reluctance to call out Indonesia’s human rights violationsin West Papua, like it has for China’s treatment of Uyghurs, is because they are protecting Freeport.
This great power behaviour is no better than that shown by Russia. At the 1960 Bali Summit, Khrushchev made a failed deal with Sukarno to help Indonesia annex West Papua in exchange for access to minerals and control of a strategic Indo-Pacific gateway.
China and Russia remain potential independence allies for West Papua since China provides supportagainst pressure from Indonesia.
During the September protest in 2019, the speeches had several common threads, specifically aimed at the American and Indonesian governments. The first was a call to improve transparency and accountability by supporting calls for Indonesia to allow foreign journalists into West Papua.
There was also widespread support for an independent human rights commission to investigate allegations of gross human rights abuses in West Papua.
There is a perception among educated Melanesians that the United States always put its interests ahead of any partner, even if there is a human cost. Supporting this recommendation would go some way to mending this perception.
Speakers at the protest also demanded a halt to the movement of Indonesian settlers into West Papua
that displace the rightful Melanesian owners and make them a minority in their own land. This was supported by a request to the UN to reverse its corrupt decision to approve the 1969 Act of Free Choice and support calls for a real referendum for ethnic West Papuans only, so they can determine their own political future.
The grassroots support for West Papua in PNG does not seem like it will slow down. As someone put it during the speeches in 2019, PNG is not free if West Papua is not free. US-PNG relations will remain important at the political level, with interventions like the electricity project to light up 70 per cent of PNG by 2030. However, at the grassroots level, the United States will continue to be viewed with suspicion.

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