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wp AWPA Update No 3/ 2021

May 4, 2021

AWPA Update No 3/ 2021

There have been a number of clashes between the security forces and the OPM in the past few weeks. In one incident the Papuan regional head of BIN, Brig. Gen. Gusti Putu Danny Karya Nugraha, was shot dead in Dambet Village, Beoga Sub-district on April 25.

In response to his death the Indonesian President, in a televised statement ordered a crackdown on the armed criminal group. saying, “I have ordered the military and police chiefs to pursue and arrest members of the armed criminal group,” and at a press conference at the Merdeka Palace in Jakarta the President said “I also order the Indonesian Military and the National Police to chase and arrest all members of the armed criminal groups.”

https://awpasydneynews.blogspot.com/2021/05/awpa-update-no-3-2021.html

Various statements from other politicians including that from Bambang Soesatyo, chairman of the People’s Consultative Assembly (MPR), who urged the government to deploy forces at full strength to crush the Papuan rebellion. “Destroy them first. We will discuss human rights matters later.”

RNZ Pacific (27April 2021) “Fears of major military crackdown in Papua”

https://www.rnz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/441298/fears-of-major-military-crackdown-in-papua

And in a move that can only escalate tension and be counterproductive to peace in West Papua, the Indonesian government declared that armed groups (KKB) in Papua as terrorists, following clashes between the OPM and the security forces and the death of the region’s intelligence chief.

As the line at the end of the Jakarta Post Editorial , Papua terrorist hotbed?

(May 4, 2021) puts it,

“As we are calling for cessation of violence in Myanmar and in other parts of the world, we are about to escalate violence in Papua. “ …………..

https://www.thejakartapost.com/academia/2021/05/03/papua-a-terrorist-hotbed.html

Area of clashes

West Papuans flee in Ilaga (from FWPC)

AWPA condemns statements from Indonesian officials on situation in West Papua

https://suarapapua.com/2021/04/30/awpa-condemns-statements-from-indonesian-officials-on-situation-in-west-papua/

Video-SBS World News Wednesday 28 April 2021: West Papua

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gLlNcyGi3KI

Resident flee their villages.

From Jubi report “Nine TPNPB members killed in crossfire: Indonesian police”

(April 29, 2021)

Numerous sources contacted by Jubi on Wednesday reported that the residents of a number of villages in Gome District, North Gome District, Beoga District, and North Ilaga District, had left their hometowns during the armed altercation. As of Wednesday, some of the residents were still too scared to return home.

And

“The people currently need food and healthcare workers to treat people who are sick. Some of these people have already gotten sick before there were displaced people, ” they said. Full report at
https://en.jubi.co.id/nine-tpnpb-members-killed-in-crossfire-indonesian-police/

Human rights organisations in West Papua and Indonesia also criticised the move to declare the OPM a terrorist group

Indonesia: ‘Not a wise move’: Critics decry terrorist label for Papuan rebels

The Star Sunday, 02 May 2021 8:10 PM MYT

AKARTA, May 2 (Jakarta Post/ANN): The government’s recent decision to classify armed criminal groups (KKB) in Papua and West Papua as terrorists has been met with fierce criticism from rights groups and a local administration, which all feared that it would only make things worse in the restive regions.

Amnesty International Indonesia executive director Usman Hamid said the designation showed the government’s failure to address the root of Papua’s problems and could lead to more human rights violations in the country’s easternmost provinces rather than helping the Papuan people. “Based on our monitoring, military and police personnel allegedly often justify the killing of Papuan people by claiming that they were members of the Free Papua Movement [OPM] or ‘armed criminal groups’ without providing clear evidence — claims that are often denied by local residents and church leaders, ” he said in a statement.

“The [new] ‘terrorist’ label will only serve as further justification for such terrible human rights abuses.” Institute for Policy Analysis of Conflict (IPAC) director Sidney Jones said it was "not a wise move” that could fuel further discrimination for Papuans. “Papuans already feeling stigmatized by being labeled separatists will feel even more alienated by being labeled terrorists, ” Jones said.

In response to the decision, Papua Governor Lukas Enembe demanded the central government conduct a comprehensive review taking into account the potential social, legal and economic effects of such a move. He reiterated the Papua administration’s demand for the central government to tone down its heavy-handed approach in tackling problems in the province. “We want the security approach in Papua to be conducted in a more humane [manner], with an exchange of words and ideas, not an exchange of bullets, ” he said. He also urged the Indonesian Military (TNI) and the National Police to thoroughly assess the armed groups’ strength, location and characteristics to avoid civilian casualties or wrongful arrests.

Indonesia has been widely criticized for adopting a hard approach, characterized by mass deployment of its security forces, in resolving tensions in Papua and West Papua.

Experts have said that this approach had failed to effectively address the root causes of the violent conflicts that have claimed the lives of both armed combatants and unarmed civilians in the regions.

Amnesty International Indonesia recorded at least 47 cases of alleged unlawful killings by security forces in West Papua and Papua between February 2018 and December 2020 that claimed the lives of 80 people, and five cases with seven victims in the first four months of this year.

National Commission on Human Rights (Komnas HAM) chairman Ahmad Taufan Damanik said the commission was “concerned” that the labeling could escalate tensions and block the path toward a peaceful resolution of the conflicts in the provinces.

Recently, coordinating Political, Legal and Security Affairs Minister Mahfud MD announced the updated list of terror groups, which included KKB, amid heightened tensions in Papua.

He said that the TNI would assist the police on the front lines in the fight against the separatist groups and would avoid harming other Papuans.

The declaration came days after the State Intelligence Agency (BIN) head in Papua, Brig. Gen. I Gusti Putu Danny Karya Nugraha, was shot dead in a confrontation with rebels on April 25, prompting President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo to order the TNI and the police to arrests members of the rebel group this week. While Mahfud did not make specific references to any rebel group, it was speculated that the announcement was referring to the armed wing of the OPM, the National Liberation Army of West Papua (TPNPB), which claimed responsibility for the April 25 attack.

Jaleswari Pramodhawardani of the Executive Office of the President said the decision only came after careful deliberation that also “looked into input and analysis from stakeholders inside and outside the government over recent brutal acts in Papua that targeted civilians, including students, teachers and customary leaders”. She said the government would ensure that the label would only apply to individuals or groups that conduct activities categorised as terrorism under the 2018 Terrorism Law. The law defines terrorism as the use of violence or threats of violence that can trigger widespread terror or fear, cause mass casualties or disrupt or damage vital strategic objects and public or international facilities, using ideology, politics or the disruption of security as motives. Jaleswari said that the immediate priorities of the government were to stop the recent terror acts and restore security in the region. – The Jakarta Post/ANN. https://www.thestar.com.my/aseanplus/aseanplus-news/2021/05/02/indonesia-not-a-wise-move-critics-decry-terrorist-label-for-papuan-rebels

Terrorist label for armed Papuan groups dismissed as ‘Indonesian colonial product’

CNN Indonesia – April 29, 2021


ULMWP Executive Director Markus Haluk – July 30, 2019 (SP)

Jakarta – The United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP) has criticised the Indonesian government’s decision to label the Free Papua Movement (OPM) or armed criminal groups (KKB) in Papua as terrorists.

ULMWP Executive Director Markus Haluk said that the government often attaches certain labels on the Papuan nation which, according to Haluk, are labels that it intentionally creates. "The terms KKB, GPK [security disturbance groups] and so forth are terms created by Indonesian colonialism, the TNI [Indonesian military] and the Polri [Indonesian police]. So, the Papuan people don’t recognise any of these", Haluk told CNN Indonesia on Thursday April 29. Haluk said that the National Liberation Army (TPN) and the OPM were born out of a humanitarian struggle and that they oppose humanitarian crimes and systematic racist politics. According to Haluk, the TPN, the OPM and the Papuan nation are also fighting for self-determination, which he placed on par with the struggle by Indonesia’s founding president Sukarno and vice president Mohammad Hatta and their comrades against Dutch colonialism……………

https://www.indoleft.org/news/2021-04-29/terrorist-label-for-armed-papuan-groups-dismissed-as-indonesian-colonial-product.html

The security apparatus in Ilaga continues to be added

A Google translate. Original Bahasa link at

https://jubi.co.id/aparat-keamanan-di-ilaga-puncak-papua-terus-ditambah/

The security apparatus in Ilaga continues to be added

Reporter: Hengky Yeimo. May 1, 2021 Papua No. 1 News Portal | Jubi


Foto ilustrasi – pixabay.com

Jayapura, Jubi – A number of residents in Ilaga, the capital of Puncak Regency, Papua, said that the security forces on Saturday (1/5/2021) brought additional troops to Ilaga. The addition of joint TNI / Polri troops in Ilaga occurred after the shooting that killed the Head of the Papua Regional State Intelligence Agency, Brigadier General TNI I Gusti Putu Danny Nugraha Karya in Beoga, Puncak Regency, on Sunday (25/4/2021).

One resident who declined to be identified by name said that the sending of additional troops to Ilaga on Saturday took place from 08.00 – 13.00 WP. The additional troops were allegedly brought from Timika, the capital of Mimika Regency, to Ilaga by plane.

"Apart from [being brought in by] an airplane, there were also two helicopters that landed in Ilaga." The two helicopters also deployed TNI / Polri troops to Ilaga. We don’t know the number, but today there are additional officers, ”he said.

Also read: There is no correlation between violence in Papua and the revision of Otsus

Another Jubi source said the addition of security forces made residents worried. Residents from several villages in Mayuberi, Ilaga and Gome Districts left their homes, still surviving in a number of safer locations, such as church yards. “The residents fled to the church yard and their families. As of April 30th, a number of residents who had fled have yet to return to their hometowns, ”said the source when contacted on Saturday.

He said civilians in Ilaga were uneasy about the troop build-up that took place on Saturday. The residents were worried, because they saw the addition of fully armed security forces.

"Today civil society is worried about dropping off the security apparatus. The people in Ilaga feel insecure because most of the TNI / Polri troops will carry out firing boxes, and people are afraid to fall victim to the wrong target, "he said.

Also read: TPNPB is labeled a terrorist in order to cover up cases of human rights violations in Papua

Another Jubi source said residents living on the outskirts of the settlement in Ilaga left their homes, choosing to enter the residential center in Ilaga. "The deployment of the security apparatus disturbs civil society activities. Tonight [they] are also worried that there will be gunfire, so that people will not sleep, "he said.

One of the Jubi sources wrote a short message using the local language of the Lanny Tribe that the community was worried about seeing the addition of troops in Ilaga on Saturday. "[We] are also vigilant," he said.

After the shooting that killed the Head of the Papua Regional State Intelligence Agency, Brigadier General I Gusti Putu Danny Nugraha Karya in Beoga, Puncak Regency, on Sunday (25/4/2021) last week, President Joko Widodo has ordered the TNI Commander and the Chief of Police to pursue and arrest all members of armed groups in Papua. On Thursday (29/4/2021), the Coordinating Minister for Political, Legal and Security Affairs, Mahfud MD announced that the government had designated armed groups in Papua as a terrorist organization.

Also read: TPNPB claims responsibility for the shooting of Kabinda Papua

The Governor of Papua, Lukas Enembe, responded to Mahfud MD’s announcement by publishing a press release on the same day. Enembe stated that the TNI / Polri had to make a clear mapping of the TPNPB’s whereabouts, so that there would be no more cases of mistaken shooting and wrongful arrests targeting Papuan civilians.

The spokesman for the Governor of Papua, Muhammad Rifai Darus stated that Enembe urged the TNI and Polri to first carry out a mapping of the strength of the Armed Criminal Group (KKB) which covers the distribution of areas, the number of people, and special features that describe the body of the organization.

"This is important, because the governor does not want an incident of wrong shooting and wrong arrest targeting the Papuan civilian population," said Rifai Darus when reading the Papua governor’s press release in Jayapura, Thursday.

Also read: The government calls armed groups in Papua terrorists

Rifai emphasized that the Papua Provincial Government agrees that all actions carried out by a group of people claiming to be part of the KKB are disturbing actions. The act also violates the law and injures the basic principles of human rights (HAM).

However, Rafai stated that the Papua Provincial Government also believes that the labeling of terrorists to TPNPB will have a psychosocial impact on Papuans who are overseas (outside Papua). It is feared that this will lead to new negative stigmatization for Papuans living outside Papua.

“The Papua Provincial Government has asked the central government and the Indonesian Parliament to conduct a re-assessment of the labeling of the KKB as terrorists. We are of the opinion that the study must be comprehensive, taking into account the social, economic and legal impacts on Papuans in general, ”said Rifai while reading out the press release. (*)

Editor: Aryo Wisanggeni G.

Interim President: New cabinet committed to human rights and climate justice

April 30, 2021 in Statement

Today, on the 58th anniversary of Indonesia’s colonisation of West Papua, we take another historic step towards reclaiming our sovereignty. The ULMWP Provisional Government is forming a full cabinet with 12 departments to protect our people, our environment and our way of life. The new cabinet and government departments will prioritise our natural environment and defend the rights of all living beings in West Papua. Where the Indonesian occupation brings terrorism, deforestation and murder, we will bring the world’s first Green State, a beacon for environmental defenders across the planet. Our government departments will cover all aspects of West Papuan life on the ground, from political affairs to justice, the environment to women. Our diplomatic missions around the world will engage with any government or agency willing to support our struggle for self-determination. We are equals to the Indonesian government, sitting in international fora together. We are ready to work with the international community to hold a peaceful referendum on independence and realise our vision for a free and liberated West Papua. On this day, 58 years ago, a nightmare for my people began. So many of us have lost our lives and our dignity. Today we mark another milestone in the long struggle to rectify this historic injustice and restore my people to their rightful place in the community of nations.

Benny Wenda Interim President ULMWP Provisional Government

Find full press release here.

Audio ABC Pacific Beat Interview with Benny Wenda

West Papua ‘provisional government’ announces full cabinet amid escalating violence in Indonesian region. Duration:7min 39sec. Broadcast: Mon 3 May 2021, 6:00am

https://www.abc.net.au/radio-australia/programs/pacificbeat/west-papua-provisional-government-announces-cabinet/13326840

Upcoming event

Launch of the West Papua Project at the University of Wollongong, its new home, on the May 21st.

To celebrate the launch, we are hosting a seminar called West Papua at the United Nations Now: Time to Right the Wrong. We have a line up of fantastic speakers (including Benny Wenda) and we’ll be hearing about and collecting data to support the international call for Indonesia to allow a UN fact-finding mission into West Papua.

This is a face-to-face event at the University of Wollongong. It is essential to register via Eventbrite:

https://www.eventbrite.com.au/e/west-papua-project-launchseminar-west-papua-and-the-united-nations-now-tickets-153258084055.

Details in attached flyer.

Thanks, West Papua Project

(Cammi Webb-Gannon, Jim Elmslie and Ronny Kareni)

Contact: Cammi Webb-Gannon (camellia@uow.edu.au)

*Zoom link available when you register

*This is a COVID safe event

Flyer at https://awpasydneynews.blogspot.com/2021/05/launch-of-west-papua-project-at.html

Police arrest 15 Papuan students at peaceful May Day rally in Jakarta

By APR editor – May 2, 2021


Papuan students being arrested in front of the US Embassy in Jakarta on May Day. Image: IndoLeft By Yogi Ernes in Jakarta

Indonesian police have seized 15 Papuan students among scores arrested at a May Day rally in central Jakarta on the ground that they did not have a permit to demonstrate.

“Yes, 15 people were secured and taken to the Metro Jaya regional police [headquarters]. They wanted to protest without a permit,” said Metro Jaya regional police spokesperson Senior Commissioner Yusri Yunus. The students were arrested yesterday as they marched past the US Embassy on Jl Medan Merdeka Selatan in central Jakarta. They were taken to the Metro Jaya headquarters. According to Yunus, when they were questioned by officers at the location, the Papuan students were unable to produce a permit for the action.

Yunus said that the 15 students were not carrying any suspicious objects and because of this they had now been sent home.

“We’ve now sent them home. Earlier we just collected data on them,” said Yunus.

The rallies in Jakarta were centred on the Horse Statue area.

Thousands took to streets
Thousands of workers from various different trade unions took to the streets to convey their aspirations. The workers took up a number of demands, one of which was cancelling the Job Creation Law which they say harms workers.

CNN Indonesia reports that up to 300 people were arrested in rallies near the Horse Statue and the International Labour Organisation (ILO) offices in central Jakarta. The figures on the arrests were obtained by summarising statements made by police up until the May Day actions ended at 5.05 pm.

The first arrests were the 15 Papuan students. Following this, police arrested 12 anarchists.

Senior Commissioner Yunus said that the group was arrested as they wanted to join protesting workers in front of the ILO office. “12 young anarchists were arrested,” said Yunus. Yunus said they were arrested because it was suspected that they wanted to “create a riot” during the labour protests. “As is usual with them there were suspicions they wanted to create a riot, so we secured them, we questioned them”, said Yunus.

Thirty students from the Indonesian Association of Catholic Students (PMKRI) were also arrested. Central Jakarta District police deputy chief Assistant Superintendant Setyo Koes Hariyanto said the students were arrested as they tried to incite chaos by setting fire to tyres…………..…. https://asiapacificreport.nz/2021/05/02/police-arrest-15-papuan-students-at-peaceful-may-day-rally-in-jakarta/

Regenvanu: Vanuatu needs to maintain strong support for West Papua

By Anita Roberts Vanuatu Daily Post Apr 24, 2021


Vanuatu needs to advocate strongly with other MSG countries to ensure ULMWP application for full membership is accepted, says Regenvanu

Vanuatu needs to continue to maintain its strong support for West Papua by ensuring that the United Liberation Movement of West Papua (ULMWP)’s application for full membership in the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) is listed on the agenda for consideration during the MSG Leaders Meeting soon.Leader of Opposition and former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ralph Regenvanu, made this statement in a press conference yesterday. ULMWP’s application for full membership status was not considered at the Senior Officials Meeting, the first of three meetings that will happen, he said.

“While I was still the Foreign Affairs Minister, I attended the last MSG Meeting in Fiji. At that meeting, the MSG Leaders accepted that the application of ULMWP was ready to be considered at the next MSG Leaders Meeting,” the Leader of Opposition said. “Now we are in the process leading up to the next meeting. “The fact that it was not on the agenda at the Senior Officials Meeting suggest that no one has put it on the agenda. “Therefore, I’m calling onto the Prime Minister to make sure Vanuatu places that item on agenda for consideration and also for him to come out publicly and declare that Vanuatu will support the application for ULMWP membership.

“I would like for the Vanuatu Government to push strongly to make sure the application is accepted.”

Regenvanu said a lot of work was done during his term as the Foreign Affairs Minister that has attracted the international community to deal with the human rights issues in West Papua.

“There has been no further progress than what we already accomplished in 2019. This is an opportunity for the government to show that it is maintaining the strong support for West Papua through getting MSG to approve ULMWP application.” Vanuatu needs to advocate strongly with other MSG countries to make sure the agenda is passed, said the Opposition Leader. ULMWP already has observer status in the regional group whose full members are Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and New Caledonia’s Kanaks.

Six armed Papuan separatist terrorist groups actively operate: police

Antara News 3 May2021

Timika, Papua (ANTARA) – Papua’s police has mapped six armed Papuan separatist terrorist groups actively operating in the province’s mountainous areas, as military and police personnel intensify law enforcement operations against them after a top agent’s recent fatal shooting. "The active armed groups operate in the sub-districts of Ilaga and Beoga in Puncak District; Sugapa Sub-district in Intan Jaya District; and Nduga District," Papua Police Chief Insp. Gen. Mathius Fakhiri stated in Timika, the capital of Mimika District, on Sunday.
These notorious armed separatist terrorists are led by figures placed on the Papua police’s wanted list, such as Lekagak Telenggen, Militer Murib, Sabinus Waker, and Egianus Kogoya, he remarked.

"Two splinter groups of the Lekagak Telenggen-led armed group are operating in Puncak District," he remarked, adding that army and police personnel had managed to restore law and order in Beoga Sub-district after two teachers were killed on April 8 and April 9, 2021.
A joint team of army and police personnel was additionally dispatched to Ilaga Sub-district to stop the armed groups’ frequent security disturbances in the administrative areas of this capital city of Puncak District, he stated.

The reinforcement of security personnel in Papua’s mountainous areas is expected to help the Papua police soon arrest the masterminds behind the incidents of armed violence that had claimed the lives of several unarmed and innocent civilians, he remarked.
Over the past few years, armed Papuan groups have often employed hit-and-run tactics against Indonesian security personnel and mounted acts of terror against civilians in the districts of Intan Jaya, Nduga, and Puncak to trigger a sense of fear among the people.

The recent targets of such acts of terror included construction workers, motorcycle taxi (ojek) drivers, teachers, students, street food vendors, and also civilian aircraft.
On December 2, 2018, a group of armed Papuan rebels brutally killed 31 workers from PT Istaka Karya engaged in the construction of the Trans Papua project in Kali Yigi and Kali Aurak in Yigi Sub-district, Nduga District. On the same day, armed attackers also killed a soldier, identified as Handoko, and injured two other security personnel, Sugeng and Wahyu. Such acts of violence have continued this year. On January 6, 2021, at least 10 armed separatist terrorists vandalized and torched a Quest Kodiak aircraft belonging to Mission Aviation Fellowship (MAF) on the Pagamba village airstrip.
On February 8, 2021, a 32-year-old man was shot at close range in Bilogai Village, Sugapa Sub-district. The victim, identified by his initials as RNR, sustained gunshot wounds on the face and right shoulder and was taken to the Timika Public Hospital in Mimika District on February 9. In a separate incident on February 9, six armed Papuans fatally stabbed a motorcycle taxi (ojek) driver.

A motorcycle taxi driver was shot dead by an unknown gunman in Papua.
On April 8, 2021, several armed Papuan rebels opened fire at a kiosk in Julukoma Village, Beoga Sub-district, Puncak District. The shooting resulted in the death of a Beoga public elementary school teacher, identified as Oktovianus Rayo. After killing Rayo, the armed attackers torched three classrooms at the Beoga public senior high school.
On April 9, 2021, armed separatists reportedly fatally shot another teacher, Yonatan Randen, on the chest.

Two days later, nine classrooms at the Beoga public junior high school were set ablaze by an armed group. Barely four days later, Ali Mom, a student of the Ilaga public senior high school in Beoga Sub-district, was brutally killed by armed attackers.
On April 25, 2021, Papuan separatists, operating in Beoga, ambushed State Intelligence Agency (Papua) Chief I Gusti Putu Danny Karya Nugraha and several security personnel during their visit to Dambet Village. EDITED BY INE Reporter: E.Supar, Rahmad Nasution Editor: Fardah Assegaf

Racism and poverty myths in Tanah Papua

Written by MEKI WETIPO & JENNY MUNRO

Edition 144: Apr-Jun 2021 Published: May 03, 2021


Kapp

I wish us Papuans to have a good home, have time with our families to go to church together on Sundays, and all of us work properly. Unlike today, we sell in the hot sun, get dust, get rain, sell at night with flashlights without electricity. We have young people who must wear good clothes, be neat and be in malls, hotels, the governor’s office, the regent’s office. Son, I want to say, from the beginning of Otsus [Special Autonomy law], until it’s about to run out, Mama is still selling these betel nuts (Betel nut seller in Jayapura, interview with Meki Wetipo, Feb 2021)

The betel nut seller contrasts her unending, hot, dirty work with the neat, tidy, new employment spaces that young Papuans are not sufficiently able to access. Despite trillions of rupiah in Special Autonomy funds, mining income, and rich natural resources, the percentage of poor people in Tanah Papua (lit. Papuan lands, includes Papua and West Papua provinces) continues to increase, and is more than double the Indonesian national average. Increasing economic marginalisation attracts many perspectives. While policies and structures that contribute to poverty are often overlooked, dominant perspectives on poverty rely on racist explanations………………….

https://www.insideindonesia.org/racism-and-poverty-myths-in-tanah-papua

No new province in Papua Land this year: Home minister

Jubi. News Desk April 26, 2021

Mataram, Jubi – Minister of Home Affairs Gen. (ret.) Tito Karnavian has stated that the government would not form new provinces or new regions across Indonesia, including in Papua Land this year. Earlier, discussions triggered by statements from public figures had prompted a wave of protests against the plan to establish three new provinces in Papua Land, internationally known as West Papua. “Not yet, because new provinces establishment would need money and [the country] currently doesn’t have it,” Karnavian said after attending a meeting with West Nusa Tenggara governor Zulkieflimansyah and deputy governor Sitti Rohmi Djalilah in Mataram City on Saturday, April 24, 2021.

Karnavian said there were 317 submissions for new administrative regions establishement. However, none of them have been approved to as the country’s financial situation had been battered by the COVID-19 pandemic. “There was a plan in 2019 that new autonomous regions will be formed in accordance to the priority scale but at that time, we didn’t expect the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on the economy,” said Karnavian.

Read also: Thousands in Dogiyai rally in the street, rejecting new province, new police precinct

He said that the pandemic had decreased state revenues and increased spending that the government could not form new administrative regions. “Health and economic recovery is the central government’s priority right now,” he said. Even though the approval for new regions was off the list this year, Karnavian said that it would commence again, although he did not know when. “It depends on the progress of the health crisis management. If we achieve an economic surplus, let’s do the new administrative regions. If not, then don’t,” said Karnavian. Previously, the government was reportedly going to endorse eight new provinces that had already passed the discussion in 2013. The eight provinces comprising the Tapanuli, Nias Islands, the Great Bolaang Mongondow, Sumbawa Islands, the Great Kapuas, Southwest Papua, Central Papua, and South Papua. Editor: Angela Flassy

LIPI’s Papua information center to serve as data repository

Antara News 3 May 2021

Jakarta (ANTARA) – The Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) has launched a Papua information center that will function as a warehouse of data for regional development policies and programs.

At a discussion and launch of a virtual Papuan documentation website here on Monday, Head of the National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) Laksana Tri Handoko stated that the Papua information center had demonstrated LIPI’s commitment to documenting scientific data on Papua. Handoko, ex-chairman of LIPI, remarked that technical data on Papua is not only beneficial for scientific development but can also be utilized as a basis for framing policies and programs for regional development.

LIPI researchers have conducted scientific activities in Papua for four decades, and such research on Papua has been ongoing until now. Around 200 researchers are involved in over 150 scientific activities of LIPI on Papua Island. The research outcomes spanning various disciplines are well-documented and accessible to the public through the Papua information center page managed by the Center for Scientific Data and Documentation of LIPI.

Academic works on Papua at the Papua information center comprise issues of languages, environment, maritime affairs, customs, botany, development, education, health, special autonomy, politics, and separatist conflicts. Data from scientific research results can be utilized during the data- and knowledge-based policy-making process as well as for chalking out Papua’s development programs in general."Of course, we do not want the data collected in this national scientific repository to be static information, but it must have a strategic meaning related to Papua to demonstrate to the world Indonesia’s major attention and efforts toward the progress of Papua from the start," Handoko stated. Related news: Addressing inequality in Indonesia’s quality education
Reporter: Martha HS, Fardah Editor: Rahmad Nasution

Opinion pieces/reports/media releases etc.

Opinion: Military exports to Indonesia strain NZ’s human rights record

https://www.rnz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/440595/opinion-military-exports-to-indonesia-strain-nz-s-human-rights-record

‘Gagged’ West Papuan envoy to raise self-determination issue again at UN

https://asiapacificreport.nz/2021/04/22/gagged-west-papuan-envoy-to-raise-self-determination-issue-again-at-un/

Indonesia’s ministry claims they try to limit palm plantation expansions in West Papua

https://en.jubi.co.id/indonesia-claims-limit-palm-plantation-expansion-west-papua/

Company accused of cultivating palm without permits in Boven Digoel

https://en.jubi.co.id/pt-digoel-agri-group-allegedly-developing-palm-oil-without-cultivation-rights-permit-in-boven-digoel-district/

Yamin Kogoya: Reckless Jakarta is turning West Papuans into ‘terrorists’ to justify waging a war

https://asiapacificreport.nz/2021/05/04/yamin-kogoya-reckless-jakarta-is-turning-west-papuans-into-terrorists-to-justify-waging-a-war/

West Papua’s Korowai people want to mine natural resources themselves

https://en.jubi.co.id/korowai-people-mining-own-land/

Cause of concern – West Papua

https://awpasydneynews.blogspot.com/2021/04/cause-of-concern-west-papua.html

Australia’s evolving guarantee to the South Pacific

https://www.aspistrategist.org.au/australias-evolving-guarantee-to-the-south-pacific/

37th commemoration-The death of Arnold Ap

https://awpasydneynews.blogspot.com/2021/04/37th-commemoration-death-of-arnold-a.html

The people of Tambrauw West Papua ask: Help us say NO to military bases in our Communities

https://worldbeyondwar.org/help-tambrauw-indigenous-activists-block-a-base/

PAPUA 2021 1-15 April in Bahasa

https://awpasydneynews.blogspot.com/2021/04/papua-2021-1-15-april-oleh-theo-van-den.html

PAPUA 2021 16-30 April in Bahasa

https://awpasydneynews.blogspot.com/2021/05/papua-2021-16-30-april-in-bahasa.html


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ULMWP dismisses terrorist label for armed Papuan groups as ‘Indonesian colonial product’

May 2, 2021

ULMWP dismisses terrorist label for armed Papuan groups as ‘Indonesian

colonial product’

CNN Indonesia – April 29, 2021

Jakarta — The United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP) has
criticised the Indonesian government’s decision to label the Free Papua
Movement (OPM) or armed criminal groups (KKB) in Papua as terrorists.

ULMWP Executive Director Markus Haluk said that the government often
attaches certain labels on the Papuan nation which, according to Haluk,
are labels that it intentionally creates.

"The terms KKB, GPK [security disturbance groups] and so forth are terms
created by Indonesian colonialism, the TNI [Indonesian military] and the
Polri [Indonesian police]. So, the Papuan people don’t recognise any of
these", Haluk told CNN Indonesia on Thursday April 29.

Haluk said that the National Liberation Army (TPN) and the OPM were born
out of a humanitarian struggle and that they oppose humanitarian crimes
and systematic racist politics.

According to Haluk, the TPN, the OPM and the Papuan nation are also
fighting for self-determination, which he placed on par with the
struggles by Indonesia’s founding president Sukarno and vice president
Mohammad Hatta and their comrades against Dutch colonialism.

"What is being fought for by the Papuan nation at the moment is part of
what was once fought for by Sukarno and Hatta against Dutch colonialism,
starting in 1908, 1928, until it climaxed [with the declaration of
independence] in August 1945", he said.

Haluk said that they are not concerned about the government’s maneuver
of labeling the Papuan independence movement as terrorists and asserted
that it would not influence the struggle to liberate the Papuan nation.

"None of the labels and terms applied by Indonesian colonialism will
lessen the Papuan nation’s [determination] to realise the political
rights of the Papuan nation", he said.

Earlier, the government decided to categories armed groups in Papua as
terrorists using Law Number 5/2018 on the Eradication of Terrorism as a
legal basis.

Coordinating Minister for Security, Politics and Legal Affairs Mahfud MD
said that they have delegated the security forces to act against
terrorists in Papua.

"The government has asked the Polri, the TNI, the BIN [National
Intelligence Agency] and related agencies to immediately take rapid,
firm and measured actions", said Mahfud during a press conference at the
Security, Politics and Legal Affairs Ministry building on Jalan Medan
Merdeka Barat in Central Jakarta on Thursday. (dhf/fra)

[Translated by James Balowski. The original title of the article was
"ULMWP: Cap OPM-KKB Teroris Ciptaan Kolonial".]

Nobel laureate Ramos Horta urges Indonesia-Papua dialogue

April 30, 2021

https://www.oekusipost.com/en/world/952-nobel-laureate-ramos-horta-urges-indonesia-papua-dialogue ?

Nobel laureate Ramos Horta urges Indonesia-Papua dialogue

The Oekusi Post

DILI (TOP) – Nobel Peace Prize laureate José Ramos-Horta has urged Indonesia’s government to hold talks with the Papuan independence movement to help end a decades-long insurgency in the country’s easternmost region.

Ramos-Horta, joint recipient of the 1996 Nobel prize for efforts to bring independence and peace to Timor-Leste, which suffered a brutal Indonesian occupation for nearly a quarter century, said he believes the Papua region’s future is within Indonesia, not as a separate state.

Head of the Papua Regional State Intelligence Agency, Brigadier General TNI I Gusti Putu Danny Karya Nugraha Karya died after being involved in a firefight with the Free Papua Organization (FPO) group in Dambet Village, Beoga District, Puncak Regency, Sunday 25 of April 2021.

He was involved in a shootout when the FPO intercepted him. This obstruction occurred when the BIN Task Force and the TNI-Polri Task Force were traveling to Kampung Dambet. On the way, the FPO suddenly intercepted and a firefight between the two was inevitable. Kabinda, who was involved in the shooting, died.

“I heard only this morning very worried about it because it’s only escalated the use of force in West Papua, and I can only say that the message to everyone in Indonesia and West Papua is to find ways to end this conflict by dialogue and I know president Jokowi always wanted to resolve the problem of West Papua,” Horta said in a press conference in Farol, Dili, Wednesday April 28, 2021.

The Free Papua Organization (OPM) admitted that it was responsible for the shooting of the Head of the Papua Regional National Intelligence Agency (Kabinda), Brigadier General TNI I Gusti Putu Danny Karya Nugraha, until he died on Sunday April 25, 2021.

Spokesperson for the West Papua National Army-Free Papua Organization (TNPB-OPM), Sebby Sambom said that Kabinda Papua was killed by a stray bullet during a gun battle.
[] West Papuan armed force./Net.

"The shooting of the Papua cabin, Brig. Gen. Gusti Putu, was shot by a TPNPB stray bullet," Sebby told CNNIndonesia.com, Monday April 26, 2021.

At the time of the incident, Sebby said that his party was involved in a shootout with the TNI-Polri apparatus. Then, said Sebby, the troops considered all officers as enemies, so they were used as targets for shooting.

Sebby claimed that no TPNPB troops were hit by gunfire in the incident. It’s just that, after the shootout, his part is increasing the alert status of the TNI-Polri apparatus.

"We are all safe, but we are on alert at that location. And we are also ready to make armed contact with the TNI and Polri," he said.

With this incident the President of the Republic of Indonesia, Joko Widodo ordered the TNI commander and the Chief of Police to chase and arrest all members of armed groups in Papua.

Jokowi emphasized that the government did not provide a place for armed groups both in Papua and throughout the country.

The conflict between Indonesia and the Free Papua Organization, who number perhaps just several hundred, flared again last few years ago when armed separatists in Nduga killed at least 17 people working on a trans-Papua highway construction site that’s a key part of President Joko Widodo’s efforts to bring development to the impoverished region.

The government has said accusations that the military fired at villages with white phosphorous projectiles, a banned chemical weapon, in retaliation are “totally baseless, nonfactual and gravely misleading.” At least four people were killed in the security operation. Wiranto, the top security minister, has rejected the idea of talks.

Police have arrested then released hundreds of suspected independence supporters and raided offices of the West Papua National Committee, a civilian group that advocates for self-determination. In Timika, police occupied the committee’s secretariat, graffitied it with slogans such as “Indonesia Forever” and demolished symbols of the independence movement.

Ramos-Horta, Timor-Leste’s president from 2007 to 2012, said restraint is needed on both sides.

“So first, they must give up on armed attacks on Indonesian civilians or military authorities, but at the same time the Indonesian military also have to restrain themselves from not cracking down, attacking … people every time they demonstrate,” he said.

An independence movement and an armed insurgency have simmered in the formerly Dutch-controlled region since it was annexed by Indonesia in 1963. Indonesian control was formalized in 1969 with a referendum known as the “Act of Free Choice” held in an atmosphere of heavy intimidation in which only 1,026 Papuans were allowed to vote.

https://youtu.be/-73tZxVUwWY

Nowadays, indigenous Papuans, largely shut out of their region’s economy, are poorer, sicker and more likely to die young than people elsewhere in Indonesia. Decades of Indonesian military brutality and impunity have contributed to deep resentment of Indonesian rule.

Ramos-Horta, however, said the situation in Papua is not comparable to East Timor’s independence struggle and there’s no role for the U.N. in the conflict.

Timor-Leste, Ramos-Horta said, was a Portuguese colony for more than 400 years before Indonesia invaded in 1975, whereas Papua was part of the Dutch East Indies empire that was the basis for the borders of modern Indonesia.

Author: The Oekusi

PostWebsite: info
www.OeKusiPost.com nu’udar plataforma media online iha Oe-Kusi Ambeno, Timor-Leste ne’ebé aprezenta notísia iha área oioin iha teritóriu nasionál. Rua. Numbei, Oe-Kusi Ambeno Mobile: +670 7723 4114 Email: info (at) OeKusiPost.com


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Opinion: Military exports to Indonesia strain NZ’s human rights record

April 18, 2021

https://www.rnz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/440595/opinion-military-exports-to-indonesia-strain-nz-s-human-rights-record

PACIFIC WEST PAPUA
16 Apr 2021

Opinion: Military exports to Indonesia strain NZ’s human rights record

12:39 pm on 16 April 2021
Share this

By Maire Leadbeater *

Opinion – As further details emerge about New Zealand’s military exports, questions are growing about the country’s role as a defender of human rights. After a recent spotlight on military goods sent to Saudi Arabia, information is coming to light about New Zealand’s exports to Indonesia’s military forces which are engaged in a long-running conflict in West Papua.
Arrival of more Indonesian troops in Jayapura, Papua, March 202

Arrival of more Indonesian troops in Jayapura, Papua, March 2021 Photo: Supplied

Defence Engagement with Indonesia

New Zealand broke military ties with Indonesia after the 1999 maelstrom in East Timor, when much of the country was razed to the ground because the people voted the ‘wrong’ way in the 1999 independence referendum.

However, New Zealand quietly restored defence training ties to Indonesia in 2007 and our defence engagement has been steadily increasing, so that it now includes some decidedly questionable arms exports.

From the point of view of a long-term campaigner for the self-determination rights of the Timorese and the people of West Papua, this is outrageous.

There still hasn’t been any accountability for the Indonesian military’s role in the deaths of some 200,000 Timorese during twenty-four years of brutal occupation.

In West Papua, Indonesian security forces have been linked to alleged grievous human rights violations for nearly six decades, and act with impunity against those who dare to protest, however peacefully.

The Indonesian Government’s response to conflict – be it peaceful or armed – is to send in more troops. In March, for example, an Indonesian battleship brought 1,350 new military personnel to West Papua’s capital Jayapura and sent them off to the conflict hot-spots in the highlands where the Indonesian military are engaged in ongoing violent exchanges with the guerrilla forces of the pro-independence West Papua Liberation Army.

In recent months this has led to a massive displacement of villagers and a humanitarian crisis – far from the eyes of world.

However, successive New Zealand governments value their bilateral relationship with Indonesia above the rights of the Timorese or West Papuan people, and documents released under the Official Information Act confirm this.

A couple of years before the defence resumption, a New Zealand defence attaché said that "the New Zealand-Indonesia relationship resembled a ‘three legged stool’ with one leg (i.e. the defence aspect) missing." He stressed that the military remained "a major force in Indonesian life".

Officer training

Selected Indonesian officers (of Major equivalent or higher rank) regularly attend the six month New Zealand Defence Force Advanced Command and Staff Course (ACSC).

Indonesian officers are also invited to New Zealand to attend Bilateral Defence talks, workshops, and meetings. English language training is offered when Indonesian officers attend the ACSC.

New Zealand officers visit Indonesia to take part in study tours, conferences, and ceremonies. New Zealand’s "professional leadership" training to Indonesia comes under the Mutual Assistance Programme (MAP) which is described as the "core of our defence relationship". MAP is the umbrella for military training offered to a number of Pacific and South East Asian countries.

In 2020, despite the pandemic, three Indonesian military personnel undertook training in New Zealand. One person undertook English language training, one person attended the Advanced Staff and Command course and, for the first time since 2007, a third attended the NZ Army Combat Intermediate Course.

High level Engagement

New Zealand and Indonesian Defence Ministers hold annual bilateral defence talks, alternating the venue between Jakarta and Wellington. New Zealand has a Defence Attaché based in the Jakarta Embassy.

In 2016, New Zealand hosted the Indonesian naval vessel, KRI Banda Aceh, at the time of the Royal New Zealand Navy’s 75th Anniversary. Prior to the Anniversary events, Indonesia took part in the ASEAN Defence Ministers meeting, plus a maritime field training Counter Terrorism Exercise: Mahi Tangaroa. In 2017 the NZ frigate Te Kaha visited Jakarta.

In 2017 the Defence Ministers of both countries signed a Joint Statement on Defence Relations undertaking to work on strengthening the defence relations. In 2018, Indonesian President Joko Widodo visited New Zealand at the time that this country was celebrating its 60th year of diplomatic relations with Indonesia.
Joko Widodo, President of the Republic of Indonesia and his wif

Joko Widodo, President of the Republic of Indonesia and his wife Mrs Iriana Joko Widodo with New Zealand Governor General Dame Patsy Reddy and her husband Sir David Gascoigne. Photo: Pool/Mark Tantrum

The bilateral relationship was upgraded to a ‘Comprehensive Partnership’. This placed New Zealand on equal standing with Indonesia’s other ‘tier two’ partners – Russia and the EU – and a step below ‘tier one’ Strategic Partners Australia, China, Japan and the US.

Arms Exports

Since 2008 New Zealand has exported military aircraft parts to the Indonesian Air Force. In most years, including 2020, these parts are listed as "P3 Orion, C130 Hercules & CASA Military Aircraft:Engines, Propellers & Components including Casa Hubs and Actuators".

This information has been obtained by a series of Official Information Act requests, and the most recently obtained export listing states that the ‘end user’ of the parts is the Indonesian Air Force. The name of the exporter has been redacted.

New Zealand also exports other ‘strategic goods’ to Indonesia, including so-called small arms including rifles and pistols. For example in 2020 approval was given for the export of "Glock 43 TFS Semi Auto Pistol 9mm with Magazines" and a "GBC Rifle Cartine, Carbon Fiber Suppressor 9mm" among some 16 other similar listings.

There is nothing "small" about the impact of these lethal instruments. The values, end-users, and quantities of these items have all been withheld. Further research is required.

New Zealand’s human rights advocacy for West Papua is decidedly low-key, despite claims by some academics that Indonesia is responsible for the alleged crime of genocide against the indigenous people.

Pursuing lucrative arms exports, and training of human rights violators, undermines any message our government sends. As more is known about this complicity the challenge to the government’s Indonesia-first setting must grow.

The recent exposure of New Zealand’s military exports to Saudi Arabia and other countries with terrible human rights records is very important. The illusion of New Zealand as a human rights upholder has been shattered, and we have work ahead to ensure that we can restore not only our reputation but the reality on which it is based.

* Marie Leadbeater is the author of See No Evil: New Zealand’s Betrayal of the People of West Papua, published by Otago University Press in 2018. As a human rights activist, she has campaigned for justice in West Papua and East Timor.


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Save Papua’s Forests: Greenpeace

April 11, 2021

(Photos in article)
https://jakartaglobe.id/vision/save-papuas-forests-greenpeace

Protesters perform theatrical action during protest in front of the Environment and Forestry Ministry building in Central Jakarta on April 8, 2021. (JG Photo/Yudha Baskoro)

Save Papua’s Forests: Greenpeace

BY :YUDHA BASKORO
APRIL 11, 2021

Jakarta. Activists from the non-governmental organization Greenpeace Indonesia staged a protest in front of the Environment and Forestry Ministry building in Central Jakarta last Friday, demanding the government to return the customary forests in Papua to the indigenous people.

The protest was based on a Greenpeace International report titled "License to Clear" and published on April 6, 2021, which revealed allegations of systematic violations on plantation and forest release permits in Papua between 2011 and 2019.

The report also revealed that peatland and forest protection initiatives introduced by President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo’s administration, including the Forest Moratorium and the Oil Palm Moratorium, failed to produce the reforms promised.

The measures "are hamstrung by poor implementation and a lack of enforceability," Greenpeace International said in a statement.

Also, land clearing in Papua would lead to a massive carbon release that should undo Indonesia’s progress in tackling climate change, the organization said.

"It will be nearly impossible for Indonesia to meet its commitments in the Paris Agreement if the estimated 71.2 million tonnes of forest carbon stored in the plantation concession lands targeted for clearing in Papua Province are released," Greenpeace International said.

The protesters demanded the government to take corrective action immediately and return the forest to the indigenous people.

The protesters staged a theatrical protest, bringing burning trees, forest fires, and chainsaw replicas. They carry posters that express the rights of the Papuan peoples that reads "Save Papuan Indigenous Peoples," "Stop Licensing Destruction of Papua’s Forest," and convey a hashtag "#SayaBersamaHutanPapua."

0

————————————————

(Better reports will usually come from local media on incident )
https://en.antaranews.com/news/172182/papua-police-urged-to-evacuate-teachers-in-beoga-for-security-reasons

2) Papua police urged to evacuate teachers in Beoga for security reasons

11 hours ago

Jayapura, Papua (ANTARA) – Papua Province’s education authority has appealed to the police to evacuate teachers who still stay in Julukoma Village, Beoga Sub-district, Puncak District, to safer places for security reasons following the killings of two teachers this week.

"We rely on the police to guarantee the security of teachers who still stay in Beoga," Head of the Papua Provincial Government’s Education, Library, and Archive Office Christian Sohilait said in a statement that ANTARA quoted here Sunday.

To this end, Sohilait said he had coordinated with related authorities within the Papua provincial government, including Papua deputy governor, and the Papua police chief.

The deadly attacks of several armed Papuan criminals on Thursday and Friday had triggered several teachers to take refuge along with local residents at a military post, he said.

Several armed Papuan criminals shot dead two teachers, and torched junior and senior high school buildings in Beoga Sub-district on Thursday and Friday.

As a result, several local residents fled their homes and took refuge at a military post.

According to Papua Police Chief Insp.Gen.Mathius Fakhiri, they would soon be evacuated to Sugapa Sub-district in Intan Jaya District.

"The violent acts of the armed Papuan criminals are brutal," Fakhiri said, adding that some 25 personnel of the police’s elite Mobile Brigade unit, stationed at the Beoga police precinct, joined efforts to secure and protect the refugees.

Security disturbances have been reported sporadically from several areas, such as Puncak and Intan Jaya Districts, where armed Papuan groups operate.

Intan Jaya recorded its bloodiest month in September, 2020, with notorious armed groups launching a series of attacks in the area that claimed the lives of two soldiers and two civilians and left two others injured.

These notorious armed Papuan groups have continued their acts of terror during the new year.

On January 6, 2021, some 10 armed Papuans vandalized and torched a Quest Kodiak aircraft belonging to the Mission Aviation Fellowship (MAF) at the Pagamba Village airstrip.

The armed groups often employ hit-and-run tactics against Indonesian security personnel, while they unleash acts of terror against civilians to instill a sense of fear among the people.

On February 8, 2021, an armed rebel reportedly shot a 32-year-old man at close range in Bilogai Village, Sugapa Sub-district.

The victim, identified by his initials as RNR, sustained gunshot wounds on the face and right shoulder and was taken to the Timika Public Hospital in Mimika District on February 9.

On February 9, 2021, six armed Papuans fatally stabbed a motorcycle taxi (ojek) driver.

Related news: Papua police urged to crack down on killers of two teachers

Related news: Residents taking refuge at Beoga’s mily post to be evacuated: police

Reporter: Hendrina DK, Rahmad Nasution
Editor: Fardah Assegaf

———————————

https://en.antaranews.com/news/172178/papua-police-urged-to-crack-down-on-killers-of-two-teachers
3) Papua police urged to crack down on killers of two teachers
11 hours ago

Jakarta (ANTARA) – A legislator has appealed to the Papua police to crack down on armed Papuan criminals who had shot dead two teachers in Beoga Sub-district, Puncak District, Papua Province.

"The police must soon arrest the perpetrators," Member of the House of Representatives’ (DPR’s) Commission III overseeing legal affairs, Andi Rio Idris Padjalangi, said.

He extended his deepest condolences over the deaths of the two teachers, and urged the police to be able to stop the recurrence of such fatal shootings in the future.

"Do not let our innocent civilians in Papua again fall victim to the armed Papuan criminals’ acts of violence," he said in a statement that ANTARA quoted here on Sunday.

In an endeavor to maintain peace and security, and the law and order in the Indonesian province of Papua, Padjalangi opined that the police could deploy more personnel.

The deployment of more police personnel was needed because the notorious armed criminals still continue their campaigns of violence targeting civilians, he said.

"The police must bring a sense of security to the people of Papua so that they can do their daily activities in a peaceful and comfortable environment," he added.

Several armed Papuan criminals shot dead two teachers, and torched junior and senior high school buildings in Beoga Sub-district on Thursday and Friday.

As a result, several local residents fled their homes and took refuge at a military post.

According to Papua Police Chief Insp.Gen.Mathius Fakhiri, they would soon be evacuated to Sugapa Sub-district in Intan Jaya District.

"The violent acts of the armed Papuan criminals are brutal," Fakhiri said, adding that some 25 personnel of the police’s elite Mobile Brigade unit, stationed at the Beoga police precinct, joined efforts to secure and protect the refugees.

Security disturbances have been reported sporadically from several areas, such as Puncak and Intan Jaya Districts, where armed Papuan groups operate.

Intan Jaya recorded its bloodiest month in September, 2020, with notorious armed groups launching a series of attacks in the area that claimed the lives of two soldiers and two civilians and left two others injured.

These notorious armed Papuan groups have continued their acts of terror during the new year.

On January 6, 2021, some 10 armed Papuans vandalized and torched a Quest Kodiak aircraft belonging to the Mission Aviation Fellowship (MAF) at the Pagamba Village airstrip.

The armed groups often employ hit-and-run tactics against Indonesian security personnel, while they unleash acts of terror against civilians to instill a sense of fear among the people.

On February 8, 2021, an armed rebel reportedly shot a 32-year-old man at close range in Bilogai Village, Sugapa Sub-district.

The victim, identified by his initials as RNR, sustained gunshot wounds on the face and right shoulder and was taken to the Timika Public Hospital in Mimika District on February 9.

On February 9, 2021, six armed Papuans fatally stabbed a motorcycle taxi (ojek) driver.

Related news: Residents taking refuge at Beoga’s mily post to be evacuated: police

Related news: Another teacher in Papua’s Beoga killed in criminal group’s shooting

Reporter: Boyke LW, Rahmad Nasution
Editor: Fardah Assegaf

Amnesty International: INDONESIA 2020

April 7, 2021

Full report here:

English: https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/POL1032022021ENGLISH.PDF

Indonesia chapter in Indonesian: https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/POL1032022021INDONESIAN.PDF

USGov: 2020 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices – Indonesia

April 1, 2021

Entire report linked from here: https://www.state.gov/reports/2020-country-reports-on-human-rights-practices/


BNPT proposed to categorise OPM as a terrorist organisation – TAPOL Statement

March 31, 2021

The Free Papua Organisation is Not a Terrorist Group

(London, 31 March 2021) TAPOL strongly denounces the proposal put forward by the Indonesian National Counterterrorism Agency (BNPT/Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Terorisme) to categorise the Free Papua Organisation (OPM/Organisasi Papua Merdeka) as a terrorist organisation. Such a move will lead to more serious human rights abuses in West Papua.

Detachment 88, the anti-terrorism unit in Indonesia, which receives training and equipment from the United States and Australia, has been widely criticized by human rights groups for its notorious and disproportionate actions and being allowed to act with impunity.

A decade ago, Detachment 88 was deployed to attack peaceful pro-independence groups. Dangerous accusations were made against these groups, such as creating and possessing bombs, to justify aggressive arbitrary raids, arrests, torture, and killings. Musa Mako Tabuni, a key West Papuan non-violent political leader was infamously assassinated in broad daylight by Detachment 88 in 2012.

Terrorists are those who attack civilians to instil fear in the population. The OPM is responsible for a small number of civilian deaths compared to the Indonesian security forces. Based on the reports that TAPOL has received, most of the tens of thousands of Indigenous West Papuans displaced due to armed conflict fled their homes because they are afraid of reprisals by the Indonesian security forces.

Calling OPM a terrorist organisation will only give more power to the state security forces to carry out more gross human rights violations in West Papua with impunity. The label will also further stigmatize West Papuan people who have already been subjected to institutionalized and systemic racism in Indonesia.

Not only does the terrorist label worsen the human rights situation, it will also reduce the possibility of peaceful resolution of armed conflict between Jakarta and West Papua. Since the proposal was advanced last week, several non-violent groups in West Papua have declared the Indonesian military and police as terrorists instead.

TAPOL has advocated for a peaceful resolution of the political and armed conflicts in West Papua. We recognize that the OPM, otherwise known as the West Papua National Liberation Army (TPNPB/Tentara Pembebasan Nasional Papua Barat), is one of the oldest national liberation armies in the world fighting against colonial rule. It must therefore be part of a political, not a military solution, which designating it as a terrorist group cannot achieve.

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Human Rights Update – Statement ­ in the UK House of Lords

March 26, 2021

HLord Harries calls for sanctions on Hendroprioyono for West Papua atrocities

Human Rights Update – Statement ­ in the UK House of Lords at 1:000 pm on
23rd March 2021

https://www.theyworkforyou.com/lords/?id=2021-03-23a.731.6#g741.1

(Citation: HL Deb, 23 March 2021, c741)

Lord Harries of Pentregarth
Crossbench

I welcome the strong Statement and the actions
that are to follow from it, but will the
Government act with consistency and similar
firmness in relation to other countries where
human rights are grossly violated? I could
mention a number, but I shall mention one that
gets almost no publicity: the continuing
atrocities and ethnic cleansing in West Papua.
For example, the retired General Hendropriyono,
the former head of Indonesian intelligence—the
BIN—has called for 2 million on West Papuans to
be forcibly removed from their homes and
relocated elsewhere in Indonesia. I know that the
Government repeatedly condemn such actions, but
will they go further, be consistent and impose
sanctions on him and others involved in what is,
in effect, an attempt to destroy a whole people and its culture?

Response from Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Minister of State (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)

Again, as the noble and right reverend Lord
acknowledged, the Government have rightly
consistently called out human rights abuses, not
just in the situation he described but elsewhere
in the world. On sanctions specifically, as I
have indicated, a process is followed to ensure
that the sanctions we impose are evidence-based
and robust. We will continue to act. We do not
shy away. Many rightly challenged us for a number
of months that we were not acting on sanctioning
figures from China. We have done so, and China is
a major world power. We have not shied away from
our moral responsibility in this respect. The
fact that we have acted with 30 other countries
demonstrates the will of the international community.

——————————
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Terrorist agency wants armed Papua groups, OPM designated terrorist organisations

March 24, 2021

Terrorist agency wants armed Papua groups, OPM designated terrorist

organisations

Antara News – March 22, 2021

Genta Tenri Mawangi, Jakarta — The National Counterterrorism Agency
(BNPT) plans to propose that armed criminal groups (KKB) in Papua and
the Free Papua Organisations (OPM) be designated as terrorist
organisations.

"We have initiated discussions with ministries and related institutions
on the issue of the KKB’s nomenclature", said BNPT head Police General
Commissioner Boy Rafli Amar during a hearing with the House of
Representatives’ (DPR) Commission III in Jakarta on Monday March 22.

Amar continued, "Whether or not they can be categorised as a terrorist
organisation because earlier it was conveyed that it is actually
appropriate for the KKB’s crimes to be categorised as or to be on par
with terrorist acts".

According to Amar, the BNPT is not just planning to invite ministries
and other institutions to discuss the matter, but will also invite other
parties including the National Human Rights Commission (Komnas HAM) and
representatives of the DPR to discuss the possibility of designating the
KKB, the National Liberation Army (TPN) and the OPM as terrorist
organisations.

"We want to look at the possibility, then make a proposal to Mr
President (Joko Widodo), why not categorise the OPM, TPN, KKB, who have
claim the lives of many security personnel and civilians as banned
organisations", said Amar during the hearing at the DPR.

According to Amar, the discussions and efforts to discuss the problem
are in order to reach and objective understanding of armed criminal
groups and separatist organisations in Papua.

Because of this, the BNPT will try to open the possibility for
discussions on the problem with other parties. This is because
designating the KKB, OPM and other groups as terrorist organisations
cannot be done by the BNPT alone.

"We can’t decide on it on our own. We are currently holding discussions.
After there’s some kind of agreement, we will propose changes to the
category of what is being done by the KKB as terrorist acts", said Amar.

Amar also took the opportunity to convey the view that armed criminal
groups and separatist organisations in Papua should be able to be
prosecuted under the articles in the anti-terrorism law.

He argued that the actions of these groups conflicts with humanitarian
values and spread fear in society. "The real actions they take, namely
attacking TNI [Indonesian military] and Polri [Indonesian police]
personnel and civilians there (in Papua)", said Amar.

Over the last few years calls to designate the OPM as a terrorist
organisation have been articulated by several parties, including in 2019
by former State Intelligence Agency (BIN) chief A.M. Hendropriyono.

Despite this, up until now the OPM is still known as a separatist group
and has yet to be designated as a terrorist organisation by the
government. The same is the case for the KKB who are still known as an
armed criminal group.

[Translated by James Balowski. The original title of the article was
"BNPT berencana usul KKB dan OPM ditetapkan jadi organisasi teroris".]

Source:
https://www.antaranews.com/berita/2057290/bnpt-berencana-usul-kkb-dan-opm-ditetapkan-jadi-organisasi-teroris