Demonstration will be Wed at 11-45 Britomart Square
West Papua Action Auckland
Published 15 December 2014
The New Zealand Herald,
Last week, as your paper briefly noted, a military and police unit shot demonstrators in Indonesian-controlled WestPapua. It was a grim and shocking reminder that human rights
abuses are an ongoing feature of life for indigenous Papuans. The five, possibly six, victims who were killed, were all school children wearing school colours. There are
photographs taken at the time to validate the facts, and international and local human rights documentation states that the victims were participating in a traditional protest
dance when they were shot.
I thought back to incidents in the worst days of apartheid South Africa, but this is happening in our Pacific region to
our Melanesian neighbours. Tragically other similar human rights atrocities in West Papua have never been accounted for, but this may be a turning point.
The new Indonesian President has shown signs of goodwill towards West Papua, and he must be called on that. More is needed from our Government than the usual mild expressions
of concern. We should call for an internationally credible
investigation and trial of those found responsible. And we should immediately suspend all defence ties to the renegade
10 December 2014
Hon Murray McCully,
Minister of Foreign Affairs,
Dear Mr McCully,
We are writing to you on Human Rights Day to urge you to take action on the latest civilian killings carried out by security forces in Paniai, West Papua on 8 December 2014. The age of the five people killed makes this a particularly shocking event. These were young people of 17 and 18 who were unarmed, dressed in school uniform or school sportswear who were taking part in a traditional (waita) dance protest, after an incident the previous evening when security forces allegedly assaulted people attending a Christmas event.
The five young people were killed when a joint police and military unit fired into the crowd. Human Rights Watch states that they were Simon Degei, Otianus Gobai, Alfius Youw, Yulian Yeimo and Abia Gobay. There are some 17 injured victims in hospital some of them in a critical condition.
Papuan religious leader and Papua Peace Network coordinator Father Neles Tebay said that the violence by security forces against civilians in Paniai cannot be tolerated. According to Metro TV News Fr Tebay is calling for the National Human Rights Commission (Komnas HAM) to intervene and immediately conduct an investigation into the shooting.
We urge the New Zealand Government to speak out in the strongest terms against this atrocity and to join Fr Tebay in his call for an immediate investigation and for the personnel responsible to be held accountable.
Friday 12 December 2014 3:01pm WIB (JoyoNews2)
Yenni Kwok @yennikwok
The death of five high school students in skirmishes with Indonesian soldiers demonstrate the huge task ahead for Jokowi
photo: A Papuan activist delivers speech at the Hotel Indonesia roundabout in Jakarta on Dec. 10, 2014, during a protest against the killings of teenagers in the Papuan town of Enarotali two days earlier Adek BerryAFP/Getty Images
The vivid images that emerged from Indonesia’s Papua province this week are pretty gruesome: teenage boys in school uniforms lie in a pool of blood, surrounded by shell-shocked residents. They are a grim reminder of the ongoing human-rights abuses in the country’s easternmost corner, wracked by a low-level armed separatist movement and heavy-handed military crackdown for about half-century.
On Monday, five high school students, aged 17 to 18, died in the town of Enarotali after security forces allegedly shot at a crowd of about 800 Papuans many of whom were pupils protesting on a soccer field, not far from the military and police offices. At least 17 civilians were wounded, including women and children. A sixth victim died on Tuesday, Papuan media reported.
The ill-fated protest was sparked by a brawl between troops and local residents, including children setting up Christmas decorations, shortly after midnight it ended with a 12-year-old boy being beaten by rifle butts and stones thrown at the military personnel. The U.N. Office of High Commissioner for Human Rights, Human Rights Watch (HRW) and Amnesty International have since called for an independent investigation into the deadly shooting.
The killings raise doubt on the commitment of new Indonesian President Joko Widodo, popularly known as Jokowi, whose election victory has buoyed hopes that the world’s largest Muslim majority nation may finally address rights abuses, self-determination grievances and economic inequality issues that have long plagued the resource-rich provinces of Papua and West Papua.
However, the most recent shooting is “one of hundreds” of rights-abuse cases documented by HRW over the past 15 years in the Papua region, says Andreas Harsono, the group’s Indonesia researcher. “None of these have been resolved. If anyone is ever put on trial, he would be sent to jail for a few months, but no military men nor policemen have ever been fired because of human-rights violations in Papua.” Indonesian police and military have denied involvement in the Monday shooting the army chief of staff even suggested the Papuan rebels were behind the incident.
Jokowi, who traveled to Papua and West Papua during parliamentary and presidential campaign seasons, has shown plenty of goodwill gestures to the troubled region. In a June visit, the then presidential candidate told an adoring crowd of his family’s close affinity to the Papuans’ homeland. “My wife was named Iriana because her grandfather was a teacher who was deployed to the then named Irian Jaya for quite some time,” he said, referring to the old provincial name of Papua.
Just weeks after his election victory, Jokowi met with Papuan politicians and leaders and promised to boost dialogue between Jakarta and the two provinces. In October, the President made Yohana Yembise his Minister for Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection, the first Papuan woman appointed to the Cabinet.
The Papua region, which has some of the world’s largest copper and gold mines, is the only remaining area plagued by armed separatist conflicts in Indonesia. (East Timor voted for independence in 1999 and Aceh rebels reached a peace deal with Jakarta in 2005.) While the two Papuan provinces are currently a virtually no-go zone for foreign reporters two French journalists making a documentary on Papua’s insurgency were arrested last August, jailed for more than two months and later deported Jokowi has spoken about lifting media restrictions.
Conversely, though, Jokowi has been heavily criticized not only for naming a hard-line retired general, Ryamizard Ryacudu, as Defense Minister, but also for supporting an increased military presence in the region, including a plan to establish a new military command. Indonesian rights activists say the higher number of security forces could trigger even more violence in Papua.
And like the Tibetans, Uighurs and Mongolians in China’s periphery regions, Papuans are also worried of the influx of new migrants into their homeland a number that is likely to increase if the new Transmigration Minister could push a migration program to Papua from other islands, especially the densely populated Java. “It is seen as an attempt to Indonesianize Papua,” Harsono tells TIME.
One day after the shooting, in an International Human Rights Day event in the southern Javanese city of Yogyakarta, Jokowi reiterated his human-rights commitment. “The government is paying attention and committed not only to resolve past human-rights abuses but also to prevent rights violations from being repeated in the future,” he said
That may be reassuring to some, but Papuans and human-rights activists are demanding more concrete actions, not just promises, from their new leader. “After nearly two months in power, nothing has been realized yet,” Harsono says about Jokowi. “There have been no significant changes.”
Papuans take to the streets across Indonesia to protest Paniai shootings
Indoleft News Service – December 11, 2014
The following is a compilation of transitions from Indonesian language media sources of solidarity actions around Indonesia in response to the fatal shooting of civilians by TNI and police in Paniai on December 8. Translations by James Balowski.
* President Widodo met with protests by Papuan students in Yogyakarta
* Students demand TNI, police be held accountable for shootings in Papua
* Fatal shooting in Papua, a Christmas ‘gift’ from President Widodo
* Solidarity for Papua: Stop the killing of civilians in Papua
* Wearing penis guards, Papuans join labour protests in Jakarta
West Papua Report
This is the 128th in a series of monthly reports that focus on developments affecting Papuans. This series is produced by the non-profit West Papua Advocacy Team (WPAT) drawing on media accounts, other NGO assessments, and analysis and reporting from sources within West Papua. This report is co-published by the East Timor and Indonesia Action Network (ETAN). Back issues are posted online at edmcw<a href="mailto:edmcw. If you wish to receive the report directly via e-mail, send a note to etan. Link to this issue:.
The Report leads with "Perspective," an analysis piece; followed by "Update," a summary of some developments during the covered period; and then "Chronicle" which includes analyses, statements, new resources, appeals and action alerts related to West Papua. Anyone interested in contributing a Perspective or responding to one should write to edmcw. The opinions expressed in Perspectives are the author’s and not necessarily those of WPAT or ETAN.For additional news on West Papua see the reg.westpapua listserv archive or on Twitter.
This edition’s Perspective is the first part of an article by Made Supriatma about Indonesian security force deployments in West Papua. In Update: Papuan leaders from around the world gathered in Vanuatu. Peaceful Papuan demonstrators were detained and shot during events commemorating the founding of the West Papua National Committee (KNPB). Papuan Behind Bars reports that 69 West Papuan political prisoners are currently in Indonesian government custody. The U.S. government plans to expand its support for "modernization" of the Indonesian military (TNI). Reform of that deeply corrupt, human rights abusing and unaccountable institution is not on the U.S. or TNI "modernization" agenda. Indonesia’s new defense minister plans to re-institute military influence in civilian sectors. The plan would undo much of the limited post-Suharto reforms with specific negative consequences for West Papua. Another military plan, apparently endorsed by President Widodo, would put new military commands in West Papua. In Chronicle, Papuan political prisoner Filep Karma is interviewed by Michael Bachelard. A review of the 2001 Bloody Waisor incident provides important context to new logging plans. Budi Hernawan revisits the murder by Kopassus of Theys Eluay and the disappearance of his driver. Finally, we note a timely analysis of Indonesia’s growing efforts to wield influence in Melanesia where support for West Papuan self determination is growing.
Indonesian Security Forces in West Papua (Part 1)
By Made Supriatma
Made Supriatma is an editor with Joyo Indonesia News Service.
In his meeting with TNI elites, President Joko Widodo reportedly agreed to a proposal to expand the army’s territorial command in West Papua. The army proposed two more territorial commands (Kodam) in eastern Indonesia. One is in Manado and the other is in Manokwari, the capital city of Papua Barat province. The navy will also expand its command by adding an Armada Command (Komando Armada Tengah) in Makassar. TNI also proposed to reviveKomando Gabungan Pertahanan (Joint Defense Command) which is similar to Komando Wilayah Pertahanan(defense territorial command) or Kowilhan. The Kowilhan was established in 1969, and then eradicated in 1984 during the reorganization of the Indonesian military. The TNI chief, Gen. Moeldoko, said that he also plans to revive the position of territorial assistant for the navy and air force.
President Joko Widodo is the fourth civilian president of the reformation era. Three of his civilian predecessors have never served full term in the office. All of those civilian presidents had to deal with the military and in fact it became their biggest challenge. President Widodo too has to confront the same problem. The three presidents were approaching the military differently. President Habibie chose to defy the military completely when he decided to grant referendum to East Timor. President Abdurrahman Wahid chose a more confrontational approach. He often intervened in the military’s internal affairs. President Megawati Sukarnoputri took a very different approach. She gave a ‘blank check’ to the military. She appointed the ultra-nationalist officer Gen. Ryamizard Ryacudu as the army chief of staff. Under her administration, the military was given permission to launch huge operations in Aceh in order to crush the rebellion. Many of Megawati’s military men are now parts of the Jokowi’s administration.
A Special Message from Noam Chomsky
I have admired and supported ETAN from the very beginning. In fact, I was the organization’s first donor. I still believe that contribution was one of the best investments I have ever made for political and social change. I write to you today to urge you to join me in making such an investment.
I know you agree that the East Timor and Indonesia Action Network continues to play an important and vital role in promoting human rights and justice for the peoples of Indonesia, Timor-Leste and West Papua. I know you also believe, as I do, that thanks to ETAN’s and your efforts, East Timor became the independent nation of Timor-Leste more than a decade ago.
ETAN successfully worked to shift U.S. policy from provider of a blank check to the brutal Indonesian military to a supporter of East Timor’s right to self-determination.
But trouble continues in West Papua, and ETAN is there to tackle it. As it did so effectively for the East Timorese people, ETAN is working to change U.S. policy to support the rights of West Papuans.
|ETAN actively monitors ongoing threats to human rights, defending activists in Indonesia, West Papua and Timor-Leste. ETAN continues to press for justice on behalf of the victims of U.S.-backed policies that had such devastating impacts on the people of Timor-Leste, and that continue to have similarly devastating effects on the people of West Papua and Indonesia. And finally, ETAN continues to call for key U.S. figures — like Henry Kissinger — to be brought to justice for their roles in backing genocide and crimes against humanity.|
I consider the shameful crimes committed against the people of West Papua to be a major scandal, one that those in the West have much to answer for. As I told the Jakarta Post last March, "What happened in East Timor was because the U.S. and its allies supported it for 25 years. West Papua is the same. As long as the U.S. … and [other] Western powers support atrocities, they are carried out with impunity, just like their own atrocities are."
ETAN understands this. Among its advocacy and educational efforts, ETAN:
· is campaigning for unconditional freedom for West Papuan political prisoners;
· is advocating to let the sunshine in by opening access to the region to journalists and other international observers;
· has highlighted the role of the U.S. mining giant Freeport McMoRan;
· regularly responds to the all-too-frequent reports of human rights violations in West Papua;
· continues to oppose (as it has done from the start) U.S. support for Indonesia’s security forces that repress West Papuans; and
· closely monitors events in West Papua, including publication of the well-regarded monthly West Papua Report with the West Papua Advocacy Team.
DOCUMENT – INDONESIA: STOP IMMINENT EXECUTION OF FIVE PRISONERS
UA: 305/14 Index: ASA 21/031/2014 Indonesia Date: 5 December 2014
URGENT ACTION STOP IMMINENT EXECUTION OF FIVE PRISONERS
Five death row prisoners in Indonesia have been moved to separate cells and are believed to be at risk of imminent execution. Indonesia’s new government has said publicly that it plans to carry out the five executions this year and 20 more in 2015. On 28 November 2014, the Junior Attorney General for General Crimes, Basyuni Masyarif, announced that the government was planning to execute five individuals currently on death row, who have exhausted all of their legal and clemency appeals, before the end of 2014. He also stated that another 20 executions are scheduled for 2015.
Around the 3rd Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Ministerial Meeting on Drug Matters in Jakarta on 3 December, the Indonesian Vice-President, Jusuf Kalla, stated that the President will not grant clemency to at least 64 individuals who have been sentenced to death for drug-related crimes and that there are plans to execute them.
News reports on 4 December indicate that one of the five individuals facing imminent execution is detained in Tangerang, Banten province, and two others in Batam, Riau Islands Province. All three appear to be convicted of drug-related crimes. Two other prisoners, who appear to have been sentenced to death for murder, are imprisoned in Nusakambangan, Central Java province. Reports also suggest that they have now been isolated from other prisoners, three days before executions are due to take place, as required by law. No executions have been carried out so far in 2014. There are at least 130 people under sentence of death in Indonesia.
International law guarantees the right of all prisoners under sentence of death to apply for pardon or commutation of the sentence and allows for the imposition of the death penalty only for the “most serious crimes”. Drug-related offences do not meet this threshold.
Please write immediately in English, Indonesian or your own language: Urging the authorities to immediately halt plans to execute the five individuals ; Calling on them to establish a moratorium on all executions with a view to abolishing the death penalty and to commute all death sentences to terms of imprisonment; Urging them to ensure that full information about the use of the death penalty in Indonesia is available publicly and that relatives and lawyers are given full access to death-row prisoners and information about their cases; Pointing out that the decision to resume executions has set Indonesia against the global trend towards abolition of the death penalty and the country’s own progress.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS BEFORE 16 JANUARY 2014 TO:
And copies to:
National Human Rights Commission
Chairperson Hafid Abbas
Jl. Latuharhari No. 4B, Menteng
Jakarta Pusat 10310, Indonesia
Fax: +62 21 392 5227
Also send copies to diplomatic representatives accredited to your country.
URGENT ACTION STOP IMMINENT EXECUTION OF FIVE PRISONERS
Indonesia resumed executions on 14 March 2013 after a four year hiatus, when Adami Wilson, a 48-year-old Malawian national, was put to death for drug-trafficking. Four other people were executed during 2013, three for murder and one other, a foreign national, for drug-trafficking. The resumption of executions was a shocking and regressive step after years of positive indications that Indonesia was moving away from the death penalty. In October 2012, after news that the then President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono commuted the death sentence of a drug trafficker, Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa had said the move was part of a wider push away from the use of the death penalty in Indonesia. Also in 2012, the Supreme Court commuted the death sentence of a drug trafficker to 12 years’ imprisonment and the President granted clemency for two others who had been sentenced to death for drug trafficking.
Death sentences in Indonesia are carried out by firing squad. The prisoner has the choice of standing or sitting and whether to have their eyes covered, by a blindfold or hood. Firing squads are made up of 12 people, three of whose rifles are loaded with live ammunition, while the other nine are loaded with blanks. The squad fires from a distance of between five and 10 metres.
Amnesty International recognizes the obligation and duty for governments to protect the human rights of victims of crime, and believes that perpetrators, after a fair judicial process, should be punished with a sentence that is proportionate to the crime committed, but without resort to the death penalty. There is no convincing evidence that the death penalty deters crime any more effectively than other forms of punishment.
Amnesty International believes that the death penalty is the ultimate cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment, and a violation of the right to life as proclaimed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Article 6(6) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), to which Indonesia is a State Party, states that “Nothing in this article shall be invoked to delay or to prevent the abolition of capital punishment by any State Party to the present Covenant”. The Human Rights Committee, the body overseeing the implementation of the ICCPR, has stated that Article 6 "refers generally to abolition [of the death
penalty] in terms which strongly suggest… that abolition is desirable. The Committee concludes that all measures of abolition should be considered as progress in the enjoyment of the right to life”.
The then UN Commission on Human Rights, in resolution 2005/59, called upon all states that still maintain the death penalty “to make available to the public information with regard to the imposition of the death penalty and to any scheduled execution”. On 23 March 2012, the UN Human Rights Council adopted resolution 19/ 37 on the “Rights of the child”, in which it called on states to ensure that inmates on death row, as well as their families and legal representatives are provided, in advance, with adequate information about a pending execution, its date, time and location, to allow a last visit or communication with the convicted person.
Amnesty International opposes the death penalty unreservedly in all cases and supports calls, also included in four resolutions adopted by the UN General Assembly since 2007, for the establishment of a moratorium on executions with a view to abolishing the death penalty. At the voting on one of these resolutions in December 2012, Indonesia for the first time changed its vote from against to abstention. This position was confirmed during the voting on the fifth draft resolution on a moratorium on the use of the death penalty at the Third Committee of the UN General Assembly on 21 November 2014. As of today 140 countries have abolished the death penalty in law or practice; out of 41 countries in the Asia-Pacific region, 17 have abolished the death penalty for all crimes, 10 are abolitionist in practice and one – Fiji – uses the death penalty only for exceptional military crimes.
Name: Gender m/f: Unknown
UA: 305/14 Index: ASA 21/031/2014 Issue Date: 5 December 2014