Jakarta emerges as the US’s go-to friend
- THE AUSTRALIAN
- JULY 13, 2015 12:00AM
Brendan Nicholson Defence Editor Canberra
An increasingly powerful Indonesia may supplant Australia in the future as the go-to ally for the US in the Asia-Pacific region, the new report on ANZUS says.
It calls for the creation of a trilateral security process to militate against potential rifts between Jakarta, Canberra and Washington. The report, by the Australian National University’s Strategic and Defence Studies Centre and the Washington-based Centre for Strategic and International Studies, says a stronger Indonesia is likely to attract far greater interest from Washington — to the extent that Jakarta would, over time, become a competitor with Canberra for US attention. “Under such a scenario, US expectations of Australia might actually diminish,” the report says.
It also cites the concern — raised by influential foreign policy analyst Michael Wesley — that if the US seeks to build Indonesian military capabilities as a bulwark against Chinese power, Australia may feel less enamoured of the US.
“Conversely, history suggests that there is no guarantee that Washington will side with Canberra in times of crisis involving Indonesia — particularly an Indonesia whose geostrategic importance is perceived to be on the rise,” it says.
As an example, during the late 1960s the US refused to back Australian opposition to Indonesia’s annexation of West Papua for fear of driving Jakarta straight into the arms of Beijing.
In 1999, calls from Canberra for the provision of US “boots on the ground’’ during the crisis in East Timor went unheeded.
The strategic shifts raised in the report would fundamentally alter the ANZUS alliance and, as it says, may well require a new trilateral security arrangement to try to serve each nation’s interests.
“For Washington, it would be consistent with its larger goal of broadening and deepening its strategic partnerships in the Asia-Pacific while also providing a mechanism for more directly stabilising the sometimes-shaky Australia-Indonesia bilateral relationship,’’ the report says.
“For Jakarta, it would afford the possibility of playing a more prominent role on the international stage consistent with its growing economic weight, while also remaining true to its traditionally non-aligned posture given that the grouping would not constitute a formal alliance relationship. For Canberra, the grouping would serve as an additional means of supporting its longstanding objective of ensuring close and consistent US engagement in the Asia-Pacific, while also providing an additional avenue for deepening security co-operation with Indonesia.
“As Indonesia’s economic and strategic importance continues to grow over … decades, such a deepening in co-operation seems likely to become increasingly desirable for Canberra as an alternative to a more difficult and competitive relationship with Jakarta.”
The report says Australia, Indonesia and the US confront complex bilateral relationships with a rising China, which could be discussed within this grouping.
It says Australia’s ability to police the maritime approaches to its northern shores will also be increasingly important.
“Chinese projection of power through the Indian Ocean along the Maritime Silk Road must necessarily pass through the Indonesian archipelago,’’ the report says. “As a result, close co-operation with Indonesia, Singapore and others may be required to monitor the movements of regional militaries.”
2) Extreme Temperature Change in Wamena Until Minus 11 Degrees
July 12, 2015 tabloidjubi.com
Wamena, Jubi – It has been nearly two weeks, local residents of Wamena City and surrounding area experienced the extreme climate change. It’s extremely hot during the day but very cold at night.
Data issued by Wamena Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG) indicates the extreme climate change during dry season in Wamena. Lower rain intensity influenced the daylight weather that can reach to 25.3 C and turn to -11 C at night.
The head of BMKG Wamena Diedrech Marlissa told Jubi at his office last week it was happening due to the position of the sun that is currently in the North. When it rotates to the northern it will cause the hot weather, on contrarily when the atmosphere mass move to the southern it takes the cold air from Australia. Thus, the weather in the Papua Central Highland area in particular Wamena is also influenced by the cold atmosphere mass, which is flowing from Australia to Papua Island.
“Therefore people also can feel this experience like this moment, such as less rainfall and even the weather is very sunny and no clouds at daylight so the heating is quite high where the temperature is now reaching 25.8 C but the it changes at night that the temperature could reach – 11 C like last Sunday,” he said.
He explained normally the temperature like that wasn’t so hot for Wamena residents if compared with the temperature at the coastal area that could reach up to 30 degrees. But now it is because the humidity could reach less than 40 degrees while at the coastal area it could reach 60 degrees.
Even in the last ten years, the coldest temperature in Wamena and surrounding area could be less than 10 degrees but now along with the city development and the increase of number of population the temperature is continuing to increase. “Normally the temperature in Wamena is around 15 degrees. So when it reached 11 degrees it could be extremely cold,” said Marlissa.
Additionally, the wind could reach 30 knots with this current condition while in normal condition it only reaches 8 – 10 knots. Windstorm was normally happening at midnight Papua time.
“This current condition is estimated to last until the end of August 2015. It is also related to the global climate change which is el nino phenomenon causing the extreme dried air. However, it is good for flight because no clouds. But usually in the morning the cloud so called frakto cumulus would be at around 200 meters from the ground, and if it was bright in the evening, usually it would be a mist in the morning,” he explained.
The similar extreme climate change was reportedly happened in Australia. As cited from Cnet on Tuesday, 7 July 2015, the Australian scientists found that the extreme temperature between 24 to 37 degrees Celsius could change the male embryo into female. “Earlier, we have been able to show the laboratory research that in the extreme temperature the male wizard genetically will change into female,” said Clare Holleley, postdoctoral researcher from Institute for Applied Ecology University of Canberra, Australia who also led this study. (Islami/Victor Mambor/rom)
3) Current Parliament Can Not Be Named Papua Legislative Council
July 12, 2015 tabloidjubi.com
Jayapura, Jubi – The uncertain situation on 14 seats for indigenous Papuans as part of Special Automy Law’s mandate has become a concern of Ferry Kareth, the lecturer of Cenderawasih University.
“People should know that 14 additional seats in Papua Legislative Council has not yet executed. The recent parliament with 55 legislators has no right being considered as the members of Papua Legislative Council, because there are fourteen members that have not been appointed yet. It’s Special Autonomy Law’s mandate,” Ferry Kareth said during the dialogue break with the members of Papua People’s Assembly at Tanah Hitam, last week.
To solve this problem, Kareth further said people and certain elites should stop the conflict among them. “It’s Special Autonomy Law’s mandate and it should immediately recruited. I am sure it needs times to recruit 14 representatives. It’s important,” Kareth said.
He predicted the number of autonomy seats would be increase over the rising number of population because its accretion is the ratio of the population of voters. “It might become 16 or more in 2015 because of the increase number of population,” he said.
In addition, it’s important that indigenous Papuans must speak through local political party. Though he admitted about a local political party “Partai Papua Bersatu’ but it can not be said as local political party. “Decree from the Ministry of Legal and Human Right Affairs doesn’t mean it could directly participate in General Election because there’s specific rule to participate in the election. Partai Papua Bersatu only got acknowledgement as political party instead of local political parties in Aceh. This situation should be understood,” he said.
Therefore, Kareth added Special Regional Regulation should be established to accommodate Papua Legislative Council to voice this issue. Meanwhile, the Secretary General of Papua Presidium Council Thaha Al Hamid also highlighted on this issue. He had two opinions about 14 seats issue, namely the efforts to enforce and ignore the mandate of Special Autonomy Law. “14 seats must be existed. It’s already executed in Manokwari (West Papua Province). I thought it’s between like and dislike judgment to not let certain people being recruited and so on,” he said.
For that reason, he believed the governor and all stakeholders would provide some sort of decision to accelerate it. “Related to the mandate is must be consistent. If we want to execute, just do it. Do not be hesitated,” he said. (Sindung Sukoco/rom)
4) Jokowi Urged to Rationale Number of Soldier in West Papua
Jayapura, Jubi – Indonesian President Joko Widodo was asked to send official letter to Papua Police Chief and Cenderawasih XVII Military Regional Commander to reduce the excessive number of organic and non-organic military troop in Papua.
“The excessive military placement is not related with the conditions of people, it have impact towards civilians,” Peneas Lokbere, the Coordinator of United for Truth (BUK) stated in the press conference in commemorating 16th years of Bloody Biak Incident, 6 July 1998 at KontraS Papua Office on Monday (6/7/2015).
He cited a number of military posts that spread throughout Meepago region. For example, there is a number of military posts in one regency, such as at Enarotali, the capital of Paniai Regency. “At Enarotali only there are 8 military posts of each unit,” he said without elaborating which unit.
The shooting against 4 students in Paniai on 8 December 2014 was occurred due to the excessive number of soldiers who have nothing to overcome their burden and embrace the people so they see people from different view.
“There are so many soldiers at the post but have nothing to do so they shot people for killing time. There is a troop with unclear intention. They shot people with the weapons that were bought with people’s money,” Lokbere said.
Youth activist Resco Yesnat from Garda Papua said until now the shooting continues to be happened among the Papuan people without resolution. According to him, the unsolved human right violation cases indicate the State’s point of view towards the people of Papua. “The shooting was happened because this country never consider Papuans as part of Indonesia,” he said. (Mawel Benny/rom)