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An account of violence against Papuan people following Papua’s integration with Indonesia

June 8, 2015

The title page and date of this item is missing. It was received on
3rd or 4th of June:

During the past month and the first days of June, Papuan members of
the KNPB [National Committee of West Papua] took part in a number of
peaceful activities. These activities were followed with interest by
people in all walks of life, as well as by the media. They were also
followed in Indonesia as well as by the international community.

Following these activities, several KNPB members were arrested and
are now being held in several prisons in Manokwari. Four of these
activists are being held by Brimob [Special Police Force]: Alexander
Nekenem, Narko Murib. Maikel Aso and Yoram Magai. In addition, KNPB
members in Jayapura, Nabire, Wamena, Sorong, Fakfak as well as in Biak
and Timika, were also arrested

Why have the police arrested all these people? Is it because of
what they have been doing and are they likely to be brought before a
court of law?

As far as I know, as a lawyer and defender of human rights in
Papua, the Papuan people are following with great interest the
preparations under way for the forthcoming Summit Conference of the
Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) which is due to take place later this
month in Honiara, the capital of the Solomon Islands, South Pacific.

So, what is the problem with this Summit and what is the connection
with Papua? Why is it that so many Papuans people are interested in
this Summit meeting?

The meeting which is due to take in the middle of this month is
expected to take a decision on the application for membership received
from the United Liberation Movement of West Papua (ULMPB).

There are three Papuan organisations in the ULMPB, all of which are
composed of civil society organisations of Papuan people: the National
Parliament of West Papua, the State of the Federal Republic of West
Papua (NRFPB), and the West Papua National Coalition for Liberation
(WPNCL).

These three organisations have declared their intention to get
involved in political diplomacy at an international level, especially
in Western and Southern Pacific.

The ULMPB was set up to support the Papuan struggle against grave
violations of human rights that have victimised many Papuans. None of
these violations which have been ongoing for many years have been
resolved by the Indonesian Government. This raises a very serious
question: why has all this been happening for the past fifty years,
ever since the Land of Papua became an integral part of the Republic
of Indonesia?

All this is happening despite the fact that Articles 45 and 46 of
Law 21/2001 on Special Autonomy for the Provinces of Papua and West
Papua, as amended by Law 35/2008, was enacted in order to resolve the
many human rights violations that have occurred in the Land of Papua.

The fact is that implementation of these laws has been far from
satisfactory, bearing in mind that this has been happening since 1963.
Yet, nothing has been done to deal with the problem in accordance with
the prevailing system of justice.

Why is it that so many hundreds of indigenous Papuans were exiled
at the time of the Act of Free Choice which should have taken place as
provided for in the New York Agreement of 15 August 1962?

At the time, a number of political activists were taken into
custody and held for many months despite the fact that an act of
self-determination should have been held. All this occurred without
any legal basis whatsoever. Many of these people were held by the
military in towns across West Papua: Jayapura, Biak, Manokwari. Sorong
and Merauke. Hundreds of Papuans were exiled and held in prisons in
Java, in Cipinang, Jakarta as well as in Kalisosok in East Java.

Hundreds of Papuans were attacked by OV-Broncos in 1977 and 1978;
it is likely that dozens, possibly hundreds of Papuans, were victims
of extra-judicial killings after 13 June 2001 in and around Wasior by
members of the security forces and units of Brimob.

[The is the first half of the translation of the article which was
written by Yan Christian Warinussy, Executive-Direction of the LP3BH]

Translated by Carmel Budiardjo

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