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West Papuans Behind Bars: February 2014

March 11, 2014

Papuans Behind Bars: February 2014

In brief

At the end of February 2014, there were at least 76 political prisoners in Papuan jails.

Multiple reports this month highlighted large-scale military and police operations in Yapen island and Puncak Jaya, resulting in human rights abuses againsts the civilian populations in those areas. Civilians faced arbitrary arrest, enforced mass evacuations, death threats, indiscriminate shooting and torture by security forces. Homes, churches and schools were targeted and extensively damaged in the raids, allegedly on the pretext of uncovering hidden weapons. Two women and six children were among those detained during the raid in Yapen island.

Use of excessive force by police has resulted in three detainees requiring emergency medical treatment for gunshot wounds at Bhayangkara Jayapura Hospital. Authorities have subsequently made no effort to ensure that these men received sufficient treatment for their serious injuries. The family of one of the men, Stefanus Banal, was also forced to pay for the costs of transferring him from Wamena to Jayapura for an urgent operation. State negligence towards injuries sustained by political prisoners, often caused by the use of excessive force during arrest, is a continuing problem in Papua. The failure of police and prison authorities to meet their duty of care to political prisoners is a symptom of discriminatory attitudes which continue to fuel indigenous Papuan grievances towards the state.

Arrests

University student active in demonstrations arrested for allegedly smuggling weapons

On 3 February, Kristian Delgion Madai was arrested while in transit at Sentani Airport, for allegedly smuggling eight 8.4mm calibre bullets. Madai, a student with the Christian University of Indonesia (Universitas Kristen Indonesia, UKI) in Jakarta, stated his innocence. According to reports from Jubi, Madai was previously active in peaceful student demonstrations in response to visiting delegations of Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) leaders in January. He is receiving legal accompaniment from local human rights lawyers in Jayapura.

Arrests of women, children and civilians following large-scale military raid in Yapen island

According to a report from a human rights worker, on 1 February, 17 arrests were made following a large-scale military raid in Sasawa village in Yapen island, an area thought to have a heavy presence of TNPB (Tentera Nasional Papua Barat, West Papuan National Army). Women and children were among those arrested. The TNPB are a relatively new pro-independence armed movement whose associations with the National Liberation Army/Free Papua Movement (Tentara Pembebasan Nasional, TPN / Organisasi Papua Merdeka, OPM) are unclear. The raid was reportedly conducted by a joint military and police task force from the Papuan Provincial police, Sea Police, (Polisi Air, Polair), Siliwangi Military Unit and Serui Military Batallion.

Residents of the surrounding villages of Kamanap and Kanawa were reportedly beaten, tortured and given death threats by security forces who forced them to reveal TNPB active areas. Security forces surrounded Sasawa village and shot indiscriminately at residents, leading to forced mass evacuations. Widespread damage was caused to ransacked houses, a school and a church. Personal items belonging to residents such as machetes, arrows, bows and spears were also confiscated by security forces. One TNPB member died and three security force officials were injured during the raid.

Seven out of the 17 people arrested during the raid remain in detention in Yapen regional police station. The seven men – Jemi Yermias Kapanai, Septinus Wonawoai, Rudi Oti Barangkea, Kornelius Woniana, Peneas Reri, Salmon Windesi and Obeth Kayoi – are undergoing police investigation. They are not currently receiving legal accompaniment. According to a local source, a lawyer has expressed interest in providing legal support to the men but is hindered by lack of operational funds. Jubi reported that the security forces claimed to have seized 13 homemade firearms, 11 long firearm barrels, two short firearm barrels, two sickles, two fish bombs and two Morning Star flags among other items. According to credible information from a local investigator, four of the seven men detained are civilians unassociated with the TNPB.

On 27 February, in separate arrests relating to the Sasawa raid, police detained the wife and three children of alleged TNPB leader Rudi Orarei. Orarei’s wife was interrogated regarding his activities and she and her children were released the following day. On 28 February, a civilian named Piter Merani, his wife and three children were arrested in a raid in Kontiunai village in Yapen island. A report from a local human rights source described the raid as similar to the one in Sasawa. It is believed that Merani’s family has since been released, while he remains in detention. Two other civilians – Matias Merani and Agus Wondiwoi – were also arbitrarily arrested on the same day and remain in detention alongside Piter Merani. They were reportedly arrested by a roadside in Kontinuai village, beaten and dragged away by members of the police Mobile Brigades (Brigades Mobil, Brimob). All three men are awaiting trial but it is still unclear what charges they face.

Civilians arrested and shot in Pegunungan Bintang raid following arson attack on police post

A report received from a local human rights investigator has revealed information regarding the arrest of 11 men during a police raid on 19 May 2013 in Oksibil in the Pegunungan Bintang regency. Police raided houses in Oksibil two hours after an arson attack by local residents on the Pegunungan Bintang regional police station. Residents reportedly attacked the police station in response to an earlier incident on 15 May 2013 where civilian Leo Klasikmabin was arbitrarily detained and tortured by police.

Residents of the local area fled their homes as police forces raided the area, shooting indiscriminately. Several people were arrested during the raid, and 11 people remain in detention. The 11 men are Stefanus Banal, Isaias Taplo, Agus Yamsin, Nesius Kalaka, Wilem Alwolmabin, Yakob Alia, Ruben Sitokmabin, Kelly Sasaka, Manu Wambongko, Ery Kalakmabin and Manu Kalakmabin. Stefanus Banal, who reportedly had no involvement in the attack on the police station, was shot in the leg and sustained severe injuries during the police raid. He was taken by police to the Oksibil Pegunungan Bintang Hospital for an emergency operation and was later transferred to Bhayangkara Jayapura Hospital where he received further treatment for five weeks. The medical treatment he received at Bhayangkara Jayapura Hospital also appeared to be inadequate. An operation to remove metal rods that were inserted to fix his broken shin bone was postponed for six months by hospital doctors. Following this, he was detained at the Papuan Provincial police station for another two months and one week. He was then sentenced to one year and seven months’ imprisonment to be served in Wamena prison.

During his detention in Wamena prison, police and local government authorities neglected to fulfill their responsibilities of providing adequate medical treatment for Banal. Instead, his family was expected to attend to his medical needs. On 6 February 2014, Banal was sent to Jayapura for an operation required to remove previously inserted metal rods. According to an interview with a relative in Jubi, Banal’s family had to pay for the travel expenses incurred from his transfer from Wamena to Abepura – costs that should have been covered by the authorities. He is currently serving the rest of his sentence at Abepura prison. The livelihood of his wife and four children have been severely impacted since his detention.

Information from a local source states that while some of the ten other men arrested were involved in the arson attack on the police post, others like Banal had no involvement in the incident. Due to the difficulty obtaining information from Pegunungan Bintang, it is still unclear who among the ten detained were civilians that had no involvement in the attack. Following their arrest, the ten men were detained in Pegunungan Bintang regional police station for two months before being charged with Article 170 for violence against persons or property. They were sentenced to one year and seven months’ imprisonment and are currently serving their prison terms in Wamena prison.

Three civilians arbitrarily arrested in Kerom regency

According to information received from a human rights investigator, three civilians – Yulianus Borotian, Petrus Yohanes Tafor and Wilem Tafor – were arrested on 13 December 2013 in Kerom for an incident they had no involvement in. At around 20:00 Papua time, a group of young men who had been drinking blocked a truck transporting wood that had been illegally logged, in protest at the theft of local resources by security forces. Several police officers who were travelling on the truck called for backup from the Kerom district police station. Two hours later, heavily armed police officers arrived in a police truck and two police patrol vehicles and started shooting directly at the group of young men blocking the truck. The group of men threw stones and sticks at the police officers before running away. The clash resulted in the death of one police officer, though reports indicate that the cause of death is unclear.

Police then proceeded to search the surrounding area, shooting indiscriminately into houses and causing extensive damage. Yulianus Borotian was shot in the neck and lost consciousness when upon hearing shots outside, he approached the entrance to his home. When police approached the home of Wilem Tafor to arrest him, his younger brother threw a stone at the police. Police reacted by shooting him in the hand and stomach. Both brothers were then arrested and brought to Kerom regional police station. According to a report from a local human rights source, all three men had no involvement in the earlier incident.

Yulianus Borotian and Petrus Tafor were later brought to Kerom Hospital to seek treatment for their gunshot wounds, but because of a lack of facilities were then transferred to Bhayangkara Jayapura Hospital. They received medical treatment for a month before they were returned to detention in Kerom Regional police station. According to the latest information received from human rights workers, the gunshot wounds sustained have not fully healed and both men still suffer from pains.

On 7 February, their case was transferred to the Prosecution. They are charged under Article 170 of the Indonesian Criminal Code for violence against persons or property and are currently detained in Abepura prison. The men are receiving legal accompaniment from lawyers with the Civil Society Coalition for the Upholding of Law and Human Rights in Papua.

Releases

Three political prisoners released from Abepura prison

Information received from a local human rights worker reported the release of three political prisoners from Abepura prison.

On 7 February, Yason Ngelia, student leader at Cenderawasih University (Universitas Cenderawasih, UNCEN), was released after completion of his three-month sentence. He was arrested on 7 November 2013 for leading a demonstration against the secretive drafting of the Special Autonomy Plus (Otsus Plus) bill but was instead charged with Article 351 for allegedly assaulting another UNCEN student. Commenting in Majalah Selangkah, Ngelia stated that police had tried to intimidate him and other detainees into not participating in further demonstrations by beating and threatening them in detention.

On 12 February, Andinus Karoba was released on parole and is required to report to the Jayapura Office of the Ministry of Law and Human Rights for the next three months. Karoba was sentened to one year and ten months’ imprisonment for theft under Article 365 of the Indonesian Criminal Code. Information received from local human rights sources suggests that Karoba was targeted due to his family history and work as an activist with the Koteka Council of Indigenous Peoples (Dewan Masyarakat Adat Koteka, Demmak).

On 11 February, 16-year-old Nikson Mul was released pending appeal when the Jayapura Public Prosecutor decided not to extend his detention. The minimum age to be detained in an adult prison in Indonesia is 18 years old. Mul was among the 12 detainees arrested on 26 November 2013 following clashes between demonstrators and police in Jayapura. The 12 men, who were reportedly not involved in the demonstrations, have been tortured while in detention in Jayapura Regional police station and have had no legal accompaniment since their arrest.

Bastian Mansoben released from Biak prison

On 17 February, Bastian Mansoben was released pending appeal on a technicality, when an extension for his detention was not issued by the Chairman of the Supreme Court of Indonesia. Mansoben, an activist with the West Papua National Committee (KNPB, Komite Nasional Papua Barat) was sentenced to three years and six months’ imprisonment in June 2013 for possession of explosives. His lawyer had argued against the sentence given the absence of any strong evidence.

Political trials and cases overview

Six in Biak 1 May trial sentenced

On 11 February, five of the six men in the Biak 1 May case were sentenced to prison. Oktovianus Warnares, the leader of the peaceful flag-raising ceremony on 1 May 2013, was sentenced to three years’ imprisonment. George Syors Simyapen received a sentence of two-and-a-half years, both Jantje Wamaer and Markus Sawias received two years and Yoseph Arwakon was sentenced to one year and eight months’ imprisonment. After campaigning by local groups, lawyers and international NGOs, Yohanes Boseren, who developed mental health issues brought on by heavy beatings at the time of his arrest, was released on the same day.

The Public Prosecutor has since submitted an appeal against the court decision, stating that the Biak 1 May case constituted “an extraordinary crime that undermined the existence of the Republic of Indonesia.” The appeal will be considered in the Biak High Court.

Human rights lawyers to air complaints against police during pre-trial hearing of Sarmi Morning Star flag arrests case

The pretrial hearing for the case of Soleman Fonetaba and Edison Werimon in the Sarmi 2013 Morning Star flag arrests will hear complaints filed by their lawyers against the Sarmi regional police for misconduct. They argue that police conduct during the arrest, detention and investigation of Soleman Fonetaba and Edison Werimon was against legal procedure. The men are accused of conspiracy to commit treason under Articles 106, 110, 53 and 55 of the Indonesian Criminal Code.

Trial begins for Pithein Manggaprouw

On 27 February, Biak District Court judges ruled against the demurrer submitted by the lawyers for Pithein Manggaprouw that called into question the Prosecution’s fulfilment of the formal and material conditions as established in the Indonesian Criminal Procedure Code. The next court session on 6 March will hear the testimonies of witnesses presented by the Prosecutor.

Information from human rights lawyers has also confirmed that Manggaprouw did not receive legal accompaniment during police investigations in detention. The Prosecutor has argued that the formal requirements of legal accompaniment had been fulfilled as police investigators had provided the name of a lawyer in the investigation file. Despite this, Manggaprouw did not receive any legal support during the investigation period.

Two prisoners in Wamena ammunition store raid receive remission

According to information from ALDP (Aliansi Demokrasi untuk Papua, Democracy Alliance for Papua), Linus Hiluka and Kimanus Wenda received a sentence reduction of two months to their 20-year prison sentences. The Provincial Office of Law and Human Rights informed ALDP representatives that the two men are now in a special category allowing them to obtain remission from authorities in Jakarta.

Appeal for Isak Klaibin rejected

Information received by email from ALDP stated that the appeal submitted on behalf of Isak Klaibin challenging his prison sentence of three-and-a-half years has been rejected by the Sorong High Court.

Klaibin is one of the seven in the Aimas 1 May case sentenced with conspiracy to commit treason under Articles 106 and 110. He received an additional charge of possession of weapons under Emergency Law 12/1951.

News

Papuan civil society react strongly to raids in Puncak Jaya and Yapen island

Large-scale security operations in Puncak Jaya and Yapen island have invoked a strong response from Papuan civil society. Following a raid in Karubate church in Puncak Jaya, President of the West Papuan Baptist Church Socratez Sofyan Yoman called on Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono to cease all search operations on churches. The raid echoes that of Dondobaga church last month, as reported in our January update. Ex-political prisoner Yusak Pakage commented in Majalah Selangkah that the ongoing conflict in Puncak Jaya was exacerbated by the destabilizing presence of security forces in Puncak Jaya.

The Alliance of Papuan University Students (Aliansi Mahasiswa Papua, AMP) held a demonstration in Yogyakarta, Java, in protest of the raids in Puncak Jaya and Yapen island. A spokesman for the group commented that security forces immediately resorted to repressive tactics and violence, instead of turning to more persuasive measures in dealing with the ongoing conflict. AMP also called on the National Commission of Human Rights (Komnas HAM) to take assertive action against cases of violence perpetrated by the Indonesian military in Papua.

February 2014 Papuan political prisoners

Prisoner Arrested Charges Sentence Case Accused of violence? Concerns reported re legal process? Prison / Place of detention
1 Piter Merani 28 February 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Kontiunai village military raid arrests Not yet sure Yes Yapen police detention
2 Matias Merani 28 February 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Kontiunai village military raid arrests Not yet sure Yes Yapen police detention
3 Agus Wondiwoi 28 February 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Kontiunai village military raid arrests Not yet sure Yes Yapen police detention
4 Kristianus Delgion Madai 3 February 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Sentani weapons smuggling arrests Yes No Jayapura police detention
5 Yenite Morib 26 January 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Dondobaga church arrests Yes Yes Mulia regional police station
6 Tiragud Enumby 26 January 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Dondobaga church arrests Yes Yes Mulia regional police station
7 Deber Enumby 4 January 2014 Emergency Law 12/1951 Police investigation pending Kurilik firearms arrests Yes Yes Papua Provincial police station
8 Soleman Fonataba 17 December 2013 106, 110)1, 53, 55 Police investigation pending Sarmi 2013 Morning Star flag arrests No / not yet clear No Sarmi police detention
9 Edison Werimon 13 December 2013 106, 110)1, 53, 55 Police investigation pending Sarmi 2013 Morning Star flag arrests No / not yet clear No Sarmi police detention
10 Yulianus Borotian 13 December 2013 170 Awaiting trial Kerom civilian arrests Yes No Abepura
11 Petrus Yohanes Tafor 13 December 2013 170 Awaiting trial Kerom civilian arrests Yes No Abepura
12 Wilem Tafor 13 December 2013 170 Awaiting trial Kerom civilian arrests Yes No Abepura
13 Pendius Tabuni 26 November 2013 170)1,170)2 (3), 351)1 Police investigation pending Demonstration in support of FWPC PNG office arrests Yes Yes Abepura
14 Muli Hisage 26 November 2013 170)1,170)2 (3), 351)1 Police investigation pending Demonstration in support of FWPC PNG office arrests Yes Yes Abepura
15 Karmil Murib 26 November 2013 170)1,170)2 (3), 351)1 Police investigation pending Demonstration in support of FWPC PNG office arrests Yes Yes Abepura
16 Tomius Mul 26 November 2013 170)1,170)2 (3), 351)1 Police investigation pending Demonstration in support of FWPC PNG office arrests Yes Yes Abepura
17 Nius Lepi 26 November 2013 170)1,170)2 (3), 351)1 Police investigation pending Demonstration in support of FWPC PNG office arrests Yes Yes Abepura
18 Tinus Meage 26 November 2013 170)1,170)2 (3), 351)1 Police investigation pending Demonstration in support of FWPC PNG office arrests Yes Yes Abepura
19 Mathius Habel 26 November 2013 170)1,170)2 (3) Police investigation pending Demonstration in support of FWPC PNG office arrests Yes Yes Abepura
20 Agus Togoti 26 November 2013 170)1,170)2 (3) Police investigation pending Demonstration in support of FWPC PNG office arrests Yes Yes Abepura
21 Natan Kogoya 26 November 2013 170)1,170)2 (3), 351)1 Police investigation pending Demonstration in support of FWPC PNG office arrests Yes Yes Abepura
22 Nikolai Waisal 26 November 2013 170)1,170)2 (3), 351)1 Police investigation pending Demonstration in support of FWPC PNG office arrests Yes Yes Abepura
23 Penius Tabuni 26 November 2013 170)1,170)2 (3), 351)1 Police investigation pending Demonstration in support of FWPC PNG office arrests Yes Yes Abepura
24 Piethein Manggaprouw 19 October 2013 106, 110 On trial Third Papuan Congress demo in Biak No Yes Biak Regional police station
25 Apolos Sewa* 28 August 2013 106, 110 Under investigation Freedom Flotilla arrests in Sorong No Yes On bail
26 Yohanis Goram Gaman* 28 August 2013 106, 110 Under investigation Freedom Flotilla arrests in Sorong No Yes On bail
27 Amandus Mirino* 28 August 2013 106, 110 Under investigation Freedom Flotilla arrests in Sorong No Yes On bail
28 Samuel Klasjok* 28 August 2013 106, 110 Under investigation Freedom Flotilla arrests in Sorong No Yes On bail
29 Stefanus Banal 19 May 2013 170 )1 1 year and 7 months Pegunungan Bintang police raid 2013 Yes Yes Abepura
30 Victor Yeimo 13 May 2013 160 3 years (handed down in 2009) 2009 demo; 13 May Jayapura demo No Yes Abepura
31 Astro Kaaba 3 May 2013 Treason Unknown Yapen police death Yes Trial pending Serui police station
32 Hans Arrongear Unknown Treason Unknown Yapen police death Yes Trial pending Serui police station
33 Oktovianus Warnares 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 3 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
34 Yoseph Arwakon 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 1 year and 8 months Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
35 Markus Sawias 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
36 George Syors Simyapen 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2.5 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
37 Jantje Wamaer 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
38 Domi Mom 1 May 2013 106, 110 8 months Timika flag-raising, 1 May commemoration No Yes Timika
39 Alfisu Wamang 1 May 2013 106, 110 8 months Timika flag-raising, 1 May commemoration No Yes Timika
40 Musa Elas 1 May 2013 106, 110 8 months Timika flag-raising, 1 May commemoration No Yes Timika
41 Eminus Waker 1 May 2013 106, 110 8 months Timika flag-raising, 1 May commemoration No Yes Timika
42 Yacob Onawame 1 May 2013 106, 110 8 months Timika flag-raising, 1 May commemoration No Yes Timika
43 Hengky Mangamis 30 April 2013 106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 1 year and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
44 Yordan Magablo 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 1 year and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
45 Obaja Kamesrar 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 1 year and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
46 Antonius Saruf 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 1 year and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
47 Obeth Kamesrar 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 1 year and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
48 Klemens Kodimko 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 1 year and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
49 Isak Klaibin 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 3 years and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
50 Yahya Bonay 27 April 2013 Unknown Unknown Yapen police

death

Yes Trial pending Serui police custody
51 Yogor Telenggen 10 March 2013 340, 338, 170, 251, Emergency Law 12/1951 Awaiting trial Pirime shootings 2012 Yes Yes Wamena
52 Isak Demetouw (alias Alex Makabori) 3 March 2013 110; Article 2, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years 2 months Sarmi treason No Yes Sarmi
53 Daniel Norotouw 3 March 2013 110; Article 2, Emergency Law 12/1951 1 year Sarmi treason No Yes Sarmi
54 Niko Sasomar 3 March 2013 110; Article 2, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years 2 months Sarmi treason No Yes Sarmi
55 Sileman Teno 3 March 2013 110; Article 2, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years 2 months Sarmi treason No Yes Sarmi
56 Jefri Wandikbo 7 June 2012 340, 56, Law 8/1981 8 years KNPB activist tortured in Jayapura Yes Yes Abepura
57 Timur Wakerkwa 1 May 2012 106 2.5 years 1 May demo and flag-raising No No Abepura
58 Darius Kogoya 1 May 2012 106 3 years 1 May demo and flag-raising No No Abepura
59 Selpius Bobii 20 October 2011 106 3 years Third Papua Congress No Yes Abepura
60 Forkorus Yaboisembut 19 October 2011 106 3 years Third Papua Congress No Yes Abepura
61 Edison Waromi 19 October 2011 106 3 years Third Papua Congress No Yes Abepura
62 Dominikus Surabut 19 October 2011 106 3 years Third Papua Congress No Yes Abepura
63 August Kraar 19 October 2011 106 3 years Third Papua Congress No Yes Abepura
64 Wiki Meaga 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena
65 Oskar Hilago 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena
66 Meki Elosak 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena
67 Obed Kosay 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena
68 George Ariks 13 March 2009 106 5 years Unknown Unknown No Manokwari
69 Ferdinand Pakage 16 March 2006 214 15 years Abepura case 2006 Yes Yes Abepura
70 Filep Karma 1 December 2004 106 15 years Abepura flag-raising 2004 No Yes Abepura
71 Yusanur Wenda 30 April 2004 106 17 years Wunin arrests Yes No Wamena
72 Linus Hiel Hiluka 27 May 2003 106 19 years and 10 months Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Nabire
73 Kimanus Wenda 12 April 2003 106 19 years and 10 months Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Nabire
74 Jefrai Murib 12 April 2003 106 Life Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Abepura
75 Numbungga Telenggen 11 April 2003 106 Life Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Biak
76 Apotnalogolik Lokobal 10 April 2003 106 20 years Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Biak

* Apolos Sewa, Yohanis Goram Gaman, Amandus Mirino and Samuel Klasjok are currently facing charges of conspiracy to commit treason. Even though they were bailed a day after their arrest, they are currently undergoing investigation and are vulnerable to re-arrest. They are currently obliged to report to the police twice a week.

Papuans Behind Bars aims to provide accurate and transparent data, published in English and Indonesian, to facilitate direct support for prisoners and promote wider debate and campaigning in support of free expression in West Papua.

Papuans Behind Bars is a collective effort initiated by Papuan civil society groups working together as the Civil Society Coalition to Uphold Law and Human Rights in Papua. It is a grassroots initiative and represents a broad collaboration between lawyers, human rights groups, adat groups, activists, journalists and individuals in West Papua, as well as Jakarta-based NGOs and international solidarity groups.

Questions, comments and corrections are welcomed, and you can write to us at info

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