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Up Until 2013, Human Rights Violations continue unabated in West Papua

February 26, 2014

Statement by Yan Christian Warinussy, Executive Director of LP3BH. 27 December 2013

For the last fifteen years, from 1999 until the end of 2013, the human rights situation in the Land of Papua has been extremely bad, causing widespread fear. Why is this so?

There has been an escalation in the use of force by the security forces, the army and the police (TNI and Polri). The military and the police have escalated their use of force against the civilian population.

The Institute for the Investigation and Examination of Human Rights Aid/Manokwari whose work is devoted to following the condition of the civilian population in the Land of Papua, states that there has been an increase in the use of violence towards the civilian population, while at the same time treating the Land of Papua as an area of military and security operations.

The policy of the state authorities continues to be based on the military and security approach towards the civilian population. They resort at all times to this approach by means of armed force, the implication being that human rights violations have continued unabated, in violation of Law 26/2000 and Law 39/1999 on Basic Human Rights.

These violations began with the killing of the Papuan leader, Theys Hiyo Eluay on 10 November 2001. Officers and troops from Kopassus (Special Command for Security and Order) were involved in this killing.

This was followed by crimes against humanity with the sweepings and the clampdown on Wasior which continued from June till October 2001. This case has never been resolved by the National Human Rights Commission (Komnas HAM) and the Attorney General of the Republic of Indonesia, the institution whose task it is to investigation these matters as stipulated in Law 26/2000 on Human Rights Courts.

The case of Wasior is considered to have been a violation of the principles of human rights as acknowledged in laws in Indonesia. and in accordance with universally accepted human rights laws. These included arbitrary detention and torture, extra-judicial killings, enforced disappearances of civilians living in Wasior, Wondiwoy, Rasiei and as far away as Rakwa, Dotir and Yopanggar as well as Wosimo and Sararti.

Some more recent cases have occurred in the past few years where the use of force by the security forces has spread panic among the civilian population, such as the extra-judiciary killing of Mako Tabuni, the Aimas case as a result of which four people died. None of these cases have been resolved in accordance with the laws in force.

All those responsible for these violations should be called to account before the courts, in accordance with the laws in force in this country.

[Translated by Carmel Budiardjo]

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