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As 2013 ends, the human rights situation continue unabated in Papua

January 8, 2014

Comment by Yan Christian Warinussy, Executive-Director of LP3BH

During the past fifteen years, from 1999 – 2013, the human rights situation in the Land of Papua has continued to be very bad. Why is this so?

This is because acts of violence perpetrated against the civilian population by the military and the police continue to increase …… [line missing] according to information obtained by the LP3BH – Manokwari as one of the civil society organisations functioning in the Land of Papua and has continued to intensify along with the violence perpetrated by the security forces and the State against the civilian population.

All the activities perpetrated by the State apparatus are taken as part the militaristic approach which is used to resolve any problems and eventually result in violations of the principles human rights as stipulated in Law 26/2000 about Human Rights Courts and Law 39/1999 on Human Rights.

Such activities go back to the killing of Theys
Hiyo Eluay on 10 November 2001 by members of the security forces known as Kopassus. Then came the crime against humanity which occurred during the sweepings and clampdown in Wasior early in October 2001. None of these incident have been resolved by Komnas HAM, the National Human Rights Commission or the Attorney-General who is authorised to investigate such incidents in accordance with Law 26/2000.

During the Wasior incident, human rights were violated in violation of human rights such as arbitrary detention and torture, extra-judicial killings, enforced disappearances as well as rape that all of which were perpetrated against the civilian population in Wasior, Wondiway, Rasiei, Rakwa, Dotir and Yopanggar.

There have been more recent incidents such as the murder of Mako Tabuni, the Aimas Case and other incidents in various parts of the Land of Papua none of which have been resolved in accordance with the laws in force. Nor have those personally responsible been brought to justice. In our opinion, grave human rights have been occurring in the Land of Papua ever since 1963 and will continue to occur because Papua is treated as a region of conflict while the number of troops here continue to increase endlessly.

There is further evidence of this, following recent operations by the army and police around the island Mansiman by troops of the military command in Manokwari.

Moreover, the churches in Papua seem to be incapable of exerting pressure to end the military approach being operated by the security forces.

Human rights violations have been occurring in Papua for fifty years in violation of the laws in force, as mentioned above.

As the year ends, the LP3BH wishes to remind the government of Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono to treat this serious human rights situation as its priority, as his government comes to the end of its second term.

Translated by Carmel Budiardjo with slight abridgements.

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